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Jasimuddin

Jasimuddin

Bangladeshi poet, writer, and lyricist
Jasimuddin
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro Bangladeshi poet, writer, and lyricist
Was Poet Author Writer
From Bangladesh India Pakistan
Type Literature
Gender male
Birth 1 January 1903, Faridpur District, Bangladesh
Death 13 March 1976, Dhaka, Bangladesh (aged 73 years)
Star sign Capricorn
Education
University of Calcutta
Awards
Ekushey Padak  
Pride of Performance  
Independence Day Award  
Honorary Fellow of Bangla Academy  
Jasimuddin
The details (from wikipedia)

Biography

Jasimuddin (Bengali: জসীম উদ্‌দীন) (1 January 1903 – 14 March 1976), popularly called Palli Kabi (Pastoral Poet), was a Bangladeshi poet, lyricist, composer and writer widely celebrated for his modern ballad sagas in the pastoral mode. His Nakshi Kanthar Math and Sojan Badiar Ghat are considered among the best lyrical poems in the Bengali language. He is the key figure for the revivals of pastoral literature in Bengal during the 20th century. A versatile writer, Jasimuddin wrote poems, ballads, songs, dramas, novel, stories, memoirs, travelogues, etc.

Born in Faridpur, Jasimuddin was educated at Culcutta University where he also worked as Ramtanu Lahiri assistant research fellow under Dinesh Chandra Sen from 1931 to 1937. In 1938, he joined the University of Dhaka and taught there for 5 years. In 1944, he joined the Department of Information and Broadcasting of the then government and retired in 1962.

"An ardent supporter of socialism" and Bengali language movement, Jasimuddin was "one of the pioneers of the progressive and non-communal cultural movement" during 1950s and 1960s. He was awarded the President's Award for Pride of Performance in 1958, Ekushey Padak in 1976 and Swadhinata Dibas Puruskar posthumously in 1978. He rejected Bangla Academy Award in 1974.

In January, 2018, Bangla Academy announced Jasimuddin Literary Award, a biennial award to be given for life-time contribution to Bangla literature.

Early life and career

Jasimuddin (certificate in hand) at the reception by Rajenra College, Faridpur after the selection of "Kabar" poem by the University of Calcutta in 1928
Jasimuddin in London, England (1951)

Jasimuddin was born in the village of Tambulkhana in Faridpur District on 1 January 1903 in his maternal uncle's house. His father, Ansaruddin Mollah, was a school-teacher. His mother, Amina Khatun (Rangachhut) received early education at Faridpur Welfare School. He matriculated from Faridpur Zilla School in 1921. Jasimuddin completed IA from Rajendra College in 1924. He obtained his BA degree in Bengali from the University of Calcutta in 1929 and his MA in 1931. From 1931 to 1937, he worked with Dinesh Chandra Sen as a collector of folk literature. Jasimuddin is one of the compilers of Purbo-Bongo Gitika (Ballads of East Bengal). He collected more than 10,000 folk songs, some of which has been included in his song compilations Jari Gaan and Murshida Gaan. He also wrote voluminously on the interpretation and philosophy of Bengali folklore.

Jasimuddin joined the University of Dhaka in 1938 as a lecturer. He left the university in 1944 and the worked at the Department of Information and Broadcasting until his retirement in 1962 as the deputy director.

Tomb of Jasimuddin

Poetry

Jasimuddin started writing poems at an early age. As a college student, he wrote the celebrated poem Kabar (The Grave), a simple tone to obtain family-religion and tragedy. The poem was placed in the entrance Bengali textbook while he was still a student of Calcutta University.

Jasimuddin is noted for his depiction of rural life and nature from the viewpoint of rural people. This had earned the title as Palli Kabi (the rural poet). The structure and content of his poetry bears a strong flavor of Bengal folklore. His Nokshi Kanthar Maath (Field of the Embroidered Quilt) is considered a masterpiece and has been translated into many different languages.

Jasimuddin was introduced with Abbas Uddin by poet Golam Mostofa in a musical program held in Kolkata in 1931.

Major honors and awards

  • President's Award for Pride of Performance, Pakistan (1958)
  • DLitt. by Rabindra Bharati University, India (1969)
  • Ekushey Padak (1976)
  • Independence Day Award (1978)

Personal life

Jasimuddin was married to Begum Mamtaz Jasimuddin (d. 2006). Together they had three sons, Kamal Anwar Hashu, Firoz Anwar and Khurshid Anwar, and two daughters, Begum Hasna Moudud and Asma Elahi. Hasna is the wife of politician Moudud Ahmed. Asma is married to Tawfiq-e-Elahi Chowdhury.

Death and legacy

Faridpur Jasimuddin Museum in Faridpur

Jasimuddin died on 13 March 1976 and was buried near his ancestral home at Gobindapur, Faridpur. A fortnightly festival known as Jasim Mela is observed at Gobindapur each year in January commemorating his birthday.

Major works

Poetry
  • Rakhali (1927)
  • Nakshi Kanthar Maath (1929)
  • Baluchor (1930)
  • Dhankhet(1933)
  • Sojan Badiyar Ghat (1934)
  • Hashu (1938)
  • Rupobati (1946)
  • Matir Kanna (1951)
  • Sakina (1959)
  • Suchayani (1961)
  • Bhayabaha Sei Dingulite (1972)
  • Ma je Jononi Kande(1963)
  • Holud Boroni (1966)
  • Jole Lekhon (1969)
  • Padma Nadir Deshe (1969)
  • Beder Meye (1951)
  • Kafoner Michil (1978)
  • Maharom"
  • Dumokho Chand Pahari (1987)
Drama
  • Padmapar (1950)
  • Beder Meye (1951)
  • Modhumala (1951)
  • Pallibodhu (1956)
  • Gramer Maya (1959)
  • Ogo Pushpodhonu (1968)
  • Asman Shingho (1968)
Novel

Boba Kahini (1964)

Memoirs
  • Jader Dekhachi (1951)
  • Thakur Barir Anginay (1961)
  • Jibonkotha (1964)
  • Smritipot (1964)
  • Smaraner Sarani Bahi (1978)
Travelogues
  • Chole Musafir (1952)
  • Holde Porir Deshe (1967)
  • Je Deshe Manush Boro (1968)
  • Germanir Shahare Bandare (1975)
Music books
  • Rangila Nayer Majhi (1935)
  • Padmapar (1950)
  • Gangerpar (1964)
  • Jari Gan (1968)
  • Murshidi Gan (1977)
  • Rakhali Gan
  • Baul
Others
  • Dalim Kumar (1986)
  • Bangalir Hasir Galpa Part 1 (1960) and part 2 (1964)
Song titles
  • Amar sonar moyna pakhi
  • Amar golar har khule ne
  • Amar har kala korlam re
  • Amay bhashaili re
  • Amay eto raate
  • Kemon tomar mata pita
  • Nodir kul nai kinar nai
  • O bondhu rongila
  • Rangila nayer majhi
  • Nishte Jaio Phul bane, O Bhomora
  • O bajan Chal jai mathe langol baite
  • Prano shokhi re oi shone kodombo tole
  • O amar dorodi age janle
  • Bashari Amar Harai Giache
  • Balu Charer Meya
  • Badol Bashi Ore Bandhu
  • Ganger Kulre Gelo Bhangia
  • O Tui Jare Aghat Hanlire Mone
  • O Amar Gahin Ganer Naya
  • Amar Bandhu Binodia
The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 18 Apr 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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References
http://www.thedailystar.net/star-people/tribute-jasimuddin-71424
http://www.thedailystar.net/news-detail-17281
http://en.banglapedia.org/index.php?title=Jasimuddin
http://www.observerbd.com/details.php?id=115622
http://sos-arsenic.net/lovingbengal/songs.html#3
https://web.archive.org/web/20150317233959/http://banglamusic.com/reviews/jasimuddins-criticism-of-abbasuddin-3.html
http://banglamusic.com/reviews/jasimuddins-criticism-of-abbasuddin-3.html
https://bdnews24.com/bangladesh/2006/01/13/palli-kabi-jasimuddin-s-wife-passes-away
https://bdnews24.com/bangladesh/2006/01/14/palli-kabi-jasimuddin-s-wife-buried
http://www.thedailystar.net/news-detail-264958
https://archive.today/20130113141102/http://www.jasimuddin.org/
https://web.archive.org/web/20050527000546/http://www.weeklyholiday.net/090503/cul.html
https://d-nb.info/gnd/127034463
http://isni.org/isni/0000000083615983
https://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n83184185
https://aleph.nkp.cz/F/?func=find-c&local_base=aut&ccl_term=ica=xx0037498&CON_LNG=ENG
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