|Intro||American colonial landowner/legislator/military commander in King Philip's War|
|Was||Lawyer Politician Legislator King Landowner Military commander|
|From||United States of America|
|Type||Law Military Politics Royals|
|Birth||1620, Cornwall, United Kingdom|
|Death||18 April 1700, Groton, New London County, Connecticut, USA (aged 80 years)|
James Avery (b. 1620 – April 18, 1700) was an American colonial landowner, legislator, and a military commander in King Philip's War.
Avery was born in Cornwall, England and emigrated to Massachusetts Bay Colony as a child with his parents. As an adult he received several land grants in the vicinity of New London, in Connecticut.
Avery was among Stonington, Connecticut’s early settlers, for whom Avery Point is named. A monument stands on the location of his 1656 home in Groton, called The Hive of the Averys. The home burned down in a fire started from an ember of a passing train on July 20, 1894.
He was Deputy to the General Court 12 times from 1656 to 1680. He also served for 20 years as a town selectman.
Avery was a captain in the colonial militia. In the Great Swamp Fight, a battle at Kingston, Rhode Island on December 19, 1675, Avery commanded a group of allied Pequot Indians.
Avery served as a captain in command of forty Englishmen from Stonington, Lyme, and New London in 1676. He also served as captain of one of four companies which protected the frontier.
Avery has millions of living descendants. Among his descendants are John D. Rockefeller, Sr., Governor and Vice President Nelson Rockefeller, Senator Jay Rockefeller, Academy Award-winning screenwriter & director Roger Avary.