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Jakob Schegk
German physician

Jakob Schegk

Jakob Schegk
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro German physician
A.K.A. Scheggius, Schegkius
Was Philosopher Professor Educator
From Germany
Field Academia Philosophy
Gender male
Birth 6 June 1511, Schorndorf, Germany
Death 9 May 1587, Tübingen, Germany (aged 75 years)
Star sign Gemini
The details (from wikipedia)

Biography

Jakob Schegk (also known as Jakob Degen, Johann Jacob Brucker Schegk, Jakob Schegk the elder, Schegkius, and Scheckius; 6 June 1511 – 9 May 1587) was a polymath German Aristotelian philosopher and academic physician.

Origins and education

Born Jakob Degen in Schorndorf, son of the citizen Bernhard Degen, he adopted the name Schegk/Schegkius which he used his entire adult life. A prodigy in classical languages, having studied with Johann Reuchlin’s student Johann Thomas in Schorndorf, Schegk made rapid progress upon enrolling at the University of Tübingen in 1527, taking his M.A. in 1529. He was received by the university senate and began lectures in philosophy and classics while only twenty. He remained in Tübingen for his entire career.

Academic career

He took over the administration of the Tübinger Stift giving him the opportunity to develop a competence in theology. He likewise studied law prior to turning his attention to medicine in the 1530s. He took a doctorate in medicine in 1539 after studying with Leonhard Fuchs and Michael Rucker. He remained on the arts faculty until joining the medical faculty in 1553. Nevertheless, his philosophical expertise was too great to go untapped, and the university gave him the unusual dual commission to hold lectures in both medicine and Aristotle from 1564 onwards. His poor eyesight hampered his mobility, and he became totally blind by 1577. He nevertheless continued his academic career. In philosophy, he was a leading German Lutheran Aristotelian and was regarded as one of the greatest philosophical authorities of his age. He died at Tübingen.

While somewhat neglected by modern scholarship, his numerous commentaries upon the Aristotelian corpus are highly regarded, especially his De demonstratione libri XV. He engaged a long running dispute against the Italian Aristotelian philosopher Simone Simoni. A committed Aristotelian, he resolutely opposed the philosophical innovations of Petrus Ramus. He likewise was involved in a dialogue with Thomas Erastus concerning the ubiquity of Christ's physical body in the Lord's Supper.

Prominent students included Nicolaus Taurellus and Andreas Planer, and Schegk exercised a more distant influence on the French Paracelsian Joseph Duchesne Quercetanus. Recent studies have demonstrated his long lasting impact on early modern medical theory. Hans Weber dubbed him “the father and pioneer of Protestant Scholasticism.”

Works

The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 12 Mar 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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References
http://de.wikisource.org/w/index.php?title=ADB:Degen,_Jakob_(Philosoph)&oldid=1362811
https://books.google.com/books?id=HviIB09wl3gC&pg=PA155&lpg=PA155&dq=jakob+schegk+erastus&source=bl&ots=mqMV2YwWFc&sig=g1VnZMxMCBfG5EIOXex_uFIkB7o&hl=en&sa=X&ei=NVmdUYH7IYeMyAHCwIH4Dw&ved=0CDMQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=jakob%20schegk%20erastus&f=false
http://daten.digitale-sammlungen.de/~db/0002/bsb00023940/image_1
https://books.google.com/books?id=deA7AAAAcAAJ&dq=inauthor:%22Jacob%20Schegk%22&pg=PP5#v=onepage&q&f=false
https://books.google.com/books?id=yKRCAAAAcAAJ&dq=de%20demonstratione%20libri%20XV%20schegk&pg=PP2#v=onepage&q&f=false
https://books.google.com/books?id=2E88AAAAcAAJ&dq=inauthor:%22Jacob%20Schegk%22&pg=PP1#v=onepage&q&f=false
http://daten.digitale-sammlungen.de/~db/0001/bsb00014475/image_1
https://books.google.com/books?id=sPI5AAAAcAAJ&dq=inauthor:%22Jacob%20Schegk%22&pg=PP8#v=onepage&q&f=false
https://books.google.com/books?id=CSBAAAAAcAAJ&dq=albert%20moll%20jakob%20degen&pg=PA82#v=onepage&q&f=false
http://www.uni-mannheim.de/mateo/camenaref/adam/adam2/s322.html
http://galileo.rice.edu/Catalog/NewFiles/schegk.html
http://www.zeno.org/Kunstwerke/A/Amman,+Jost
https://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb122185578
https://data.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb122185578
https://d-nb.info/gnd/118606875
http://isni.org/isni/0000000108703999
https://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n86113744
https://aleph.nkp.cz/F/?func=find-c&local_base=aut&ccl_term=ica=jo2006330578&CON_LNG=ENG
http://data.bibliotheken.nl/id/thes/p069117853
https://libris.kb.se/auth/282965
https://snaccooperative.org/ark:/99166/w6rv9gh6
https://www.idref.fr/030853060
https://viaf.org/viaf/12358901
https://www.worldcat.org/identities/lccn-n86113744
Sections Jakob Schegk

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