|Intro||Writer and botanist from France|
|Was||Writer Scientist Engineer Novelist Botanist|
|Type||Engineering Literature Science|
|Birth||19 January 1737, Le Havre, Agglomeration community of Le Havre, Seine-Maritime, Normandy|
|Death||21 January 1814, Paris, Île-de-France, France (aged 77 years)|
Jacques-Henri Bernardin de Saint-Pierre (also called Bernardin de St. Pierre) (19 January 1737 Le Havre – 21 January 1814 Éragny, Val-d'Oise) was a French writer and botanist. He is best known for his 1788 novel Paul et Virginie, now largely forgotten, but in the 19th century a very popular children's book.
At the age of twelve he had read Robinson Crusoe and went with his uncle, a skipper, to the West-Indies. After returning from this trip he was educated as an engineer at the École des Ponts. Then he joined the French Army and was involved in the Seven Years' War against Prussia and England. In 1768 he traveled to Mauritius and studied plants. In 1771 he became friendly with and a pupil of Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Together they studied the plants in and around Paris.
In 1795 he was elected to the Institut de France, in 1797 manager of the Botanical Gardens and in 1803 member of the Académie française.
Saint-Pierre was an avid advocate and practitioner of vegetarianism, and although he was a devout Christian was also heavily influenced by Enlightenment-era intellectuals like Voltaire and his mentor Rousseau.
- "Barye's predators devouring their living prey indulge the emotions in a Romantic way of course, but they also embody a romantically moralizing point of view like those held by Bernardin de Saint-Pierre, Mme de Staël, and Victor Hugo. The Oeuvres complètes of Bernardin de Saint-Pierre appeared in Paris in 1834 and was surely known to Barye, for the author was the former director of the zoo in the Jardin des Plantes and one of the "masters of genuine poetry" for the archromantic Mme de Staël. Bernardin de Saint-Pierre maintained that a carnivorous animal in devouring its prey alive committed a sin against the laws of its own nature."
- Voyage à l’Île de France, à l’île Bourbon et au cap de Bonne-Espérance (1773)
- L’Arcadie (1781)
- Études de la nature (1784)
- Paul et Virginie (1788)
- La Chaumière indienne (1790)
- Le Café de Surate (1790)
- Les Vœux d’un solitaire (1790)
- De la nature de la morale (1798)
- Voyage en Silésie (1807)
- La Mort de Socrate (1808)
- Harmonies de la nature (1815)