Jacques Chevalier (13 March 1882 – 19 April 1962) was a French philosopher.
Chevalier was born in Cérilly, Allier, educated at the Ecole Normale Superieure and Oxford University and taught at the Faculty of Letters in Grenoble. He was a specialist of Plato and author of many books, mainly about the history of philosophy.
A friend of Lord Halifax, he was also a Minister for education in 1941 under the Vichy Regime, and was as such the only member of the government to be present at the funeral of the philosopher Henri Bergson. A devout catholic, he attempted to eradicate the anti-religious feeling in educational circles and consequently closed the "Ecoles Normales", which had been created in each "département" by the François Guizot law of 1833 to prepare teachers for elementary classes, replacing them with "Instituts de formation professionnelle". The anti-clerical Collaborationists opposed him however, and he had to step down (he was replaced by the historian Jerôme Carcopino); his reform was eventually abolished and the "Ecoles Normales" were recreated.