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Isaak van den Blocke
Flemish artist

Isaak van den Blocke

Isaak van den Blocke
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro Flemish artist
A.K.A. Isaak van den Block, Izaak van den Blocke
Was Painter
From Poland
Field Arts
Gender male
Birth 1575, Gdańsk, Poland
Death 1626, Gdańsk, Poland (aged 51 years)
The details (from wikipedia)

Biography

Solomon praying in the temple

Izaak van den Blocke or Isaak van den Blocke (1574–1626) was a painter of Flemish descent who spent his active career in Poland. He is known for his decorative paintings in various official buildings and residences in Gdańsk. He also completed commissions for churches and painted facades. He was in 1612 one of the founders of the painters' guild of Gdańsk.

Life

Vistula grain transport, detail of the Apotheosis of Danzig

The details about his early life are scarce. Sources identify his place of birth either as Mechelen in the Southern Netherlands or Königsberg (then in Prussia and today Kaliningrad in Russia). His father was Willem van den Blocke, a Flemish sculptor and architect who had trained with Cornelis Floris in Antwerp. His brother Abraham van den Blocke was an architect and sculptor and his brothers Jacob and David were painters.

In 1584 the family moved to Danzig (modern Gdańsk, Poland). Here he likely received training by or worked in the workshop of Paul Vredeman de Vries and his father Hans Vredeman de Vries. He was in 1612 one of the founders of the painters' guild of Gdańsk.

He was the teacher of Laurence Neter.

Van den Blocke died in Danzig around the same time as his father and brother Abraham, likely from an infectious disease.

Work

He was strongly influenced by the Northern Mannerism and the perspectival paintings of his presumed teachers Hans and Paul Vredeman de Vries. He drew his inspiration mainly from the Bible and mythology as well as contemporary subjects.

His principal work is the decoration of the ceiling (completed 1608) of the Great Chamber of the former main town hall in Danzig. This work was composed of 25 oil paintings on oak panels, with a central composition, an allegory to the glorious trade of Danzig (Apotheosis of Danzig). He also made paintings for the winter council room of the town hall (1611-1614).

He received regular commissions from the city council, including figure paintings and the polychroming of buildings. He completed several assignments for churches in Danzig including the main altar of St Catherine's Church (together with Anton Möller).

The Germanisches Nationalmuseum in Nuremberg, Germany holds a nine-part ceiling painting, which is permanently installed in a ceiling in one of its rooms. It shows allegorical and biblical scenes in three rows of three pictures. Their interpretation is not always clear. Whether the arrangement in the museum reflects the original one remains open. Van Blocke likely created the ceiling for a room in Danzig City Hall. It confirms the popularity of inventive emblematic iconographic programs in Danzig. Some scenes are based on prints by Netherlandish masters. Some of the depictions can be interpreted easily. For example, the scene with Minerva standing behind a man holding a compass personifies the liberal arts. Other paintings in the programme are less obvious.

The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 27 Mar 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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References
http://explore.rkd.nl/explore/artists/99995
http://explore.rkd.nl/explore/artists/9096
http://www.oxfordartonline.com/subscriber/article/grove/art/T009242pg3
http://objektkatalog.gnm.de/objekt/Gm1193
http://www.biografischportaal.nl/en/persoon/75911507
https://d-nb.info/gnd/130369837
http://isni.org/isni/0000000430756159
https://rkd.nl/en/explore/artists/99995
https://www.getty.edu/vow/ULANFullDisplay?find=&role=&nation=&subjectid=500059933
https://viaf.org/viaf/18329637
https://www.worldcat.org/identities/containsVIAFID/18329637
Sections Isaak van den Blocke

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