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Infanta Maria Cristina of Spain (1833–1902)

Infanta Maria Cristina of Spain (1833–1902)

Spanish Infanta
The basics
Quick Facts
Gender female
Birth June 5, 1833 (Madrid, Community of Madrid, Spain)
Death January 19, 1902 (Madrid, Community of Madrid, Spain)
Family
Mother: Princess Luisa Carlotta of Naples and Sicily
Father: Infante Francisco de Paula of Spain
Siblings: Infanta Isabel of SpainInfanta Josefina of SpainInfanta Luisa of SpainInfanta Amelia Philippina of Spain
Spouse: Infante Sebastian of Portugal and Spain
The details
Biography

Maria Cristina, Infanta of Portugal and Spain (5 June 1833 – 19 January 1902) was a daughter of Infante Francisco de Paula of Spain and his wife Princess Luisa Carlotta of Bourbon-Two Sicilies. She became an Infanta of Portugal by her marriage to Infante Sebastian of Portugal and Spain.

Family

Maria Cristina was one of eleven children born to Infante Francisco de Paula of Spain and Princess Luisa Carlotta of Bourbon-Two Sicilies in Madrid. Her father was in turn a younger son of Charles IV of Spain. Her mother was a daughter of Francis I of the Two Sicilies.

Maria Cristina was a sister of Francis, Duke of Cádiz, the king-consort of Isabella II of Spain, and Amelia Philippina, Princess of Bavaria.

Marriage and children

Maria Cristina's husband Sebastian of Portugal and Spain.

On 19 November 1860, Maria Cristina became the second wife of the much older Infante Sebastian of Portugal and Spain, who was a paternal great grandson of Charles III of Spain and a maternal grandson of John VI of Portugal. Sebastian and his immediate family had been in conflict with the Queen Regent Maria Cristina, losing all of his titles and claims to the Spanish throne in 1837. He was restored to his Spanish titles upon his second marriage to Maria Cristina, who was both a cousin and a sister-in-law of Queen Isabella.

The nuptials took place in the Royal Palace of Madrid. In the spirit of reconciliation, the celebration was attended by Isabella II of Spain and her husband, among other members of the Spanish royal family. They had five children:

Name Birth Death Notes
Francisco, Duke of Marchena 20 August 1861 17 November 1923 Married Maria del Pilar de Muguiro y Beruete, duchess of Villafranca
Pedro d'Alcantara, Duke of Dúrcal 1862 1892 Married Maria de la Caridad de Madan i Uriondo
Luíz, Duke of Ansola 17 January 1864 24 January 1889 Married Maria Anna Bernaldo de Quiros, Marquise of Atarfe
Infante Alfonso of Spain and Portugal 15 November 1866 28 April 1934
Infante Gabriel of Spain and Portugal 22 March 1869 15 July 1889

Later life

After the overthrow of the monarchy in 1868, Maria Cristina and her family had to leave Spain and take refuge in France. Sebastian died there in 1875. Maria Cristina later returned to Spain, and was able to live calmly until her 1902 death in Madrid. She is buried at the San Lorenzo de El Escorial.

Heraldry

Ancestry

Maria Cristina's ancestors in three generations

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Family Marriage and children Later life Heraldry Ancestry
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