|Intro||Belarusian scientist and politician|
|Birth||17 September 1949 (Minsk, Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic, Lithuanian–Belorussian Soviet Socialist Republic)|
|Death||6 April 1999 (Minsk, Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic, Lithuanian–Belorussian Soviet Socialist Republic)|
|Education||Belarusian National Technical University|
Dr. Hienadź Karpienka (Belarusian: Генадзь Карпенка, [ʝeˈnadzʲ karˈpʲenka]; Russian: Геннадий Карпенко, Gennady Karpenko, September 17, 1949 – April 6, 1999) was a Belarusian scientist and an important politician in opposition to president Alexander Lukashenko.
Hienadz Karpienka was born in Minsk.
In 1987 he was director of the Maladzyechna metallurgy plant.
In 1990 Karpienka defended his doctorate dissertation "Technology of Materials".
Karpienka was author of 50 inventions, which were implemented in 15 countries. In 1994 he was elected corresponding member of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus.
Karpienka was the deputy of two Belarusian parliaments, he was the lead for the commission on science and technology. He was also a member and one of the leaders of the United Civic Party.
In 1992 he became Head of Maladzyechna Executive Committee (i.e. the city mayor). Within two years of becoming mayor, Hienadz Karpienka introduced several local economic reforms, established musical and theatrical festivals, founded a local football club and performed a radical de-sovietization of the city's street names.
In 1996 Karpienka was leading the initiative to impeach President Lukashenka, although this initiative lacked significant support.
In 1998 Karpienka was head of the National Executive Committee, an oppositional shadow government. He was considered as the leader of the Belarusian opposition and as the most probable oppositional candidate for the upcoming presidential elections.
Unclear circumstances of death
On March 31, 1999 Karpienka was taken to the 9th Minsk city hospital with an apparent cerebral hemorrhage. On April 1 he was operated, but did not regain consciousness. He died on April 6 at seven in the morning.
The death of Hienadz Karpienka was very unexpected, there was no history of such health problems. A month after Karipenka's death, Jury Zacharanka, one of his closest friends and colleagues, was abducted. Within 6 months the same happened to Karpienka's second close colleague Viktar Hanchar. Some people in the Belarusian opposition, including Karpienka's family  believe these incidents are related.