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Henry III, Landgrave of Upper Hesse

Henry III, Landgrave of Upper Hesse

Landgraves of Hesse
Henry III, Landgrave of Upper Hesse
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro Landgraves of Hesse
Was Landowner Ruler Noble
From Germany
Type Military Royals
Gender male
Birth 15 October 1440, Spangenberg, Germany
Death 13 January 1483, Marburg, Germany (aged 42 years)
Star sign LibraLibra
Family
Mother: Anna of Saxony, Landgravine of Hesse
Father: Louis I, Landgrave of Hesse
Siblings: Louis II, Landgrave of Lower HesseHermann IV of HesseElisabeth of Hesse
Spouse: Anna von Katzenelnbogen
Children: Elisabeth of Hesse-MarburgWilliam III, Landgrave of HesseMatilda of HesseLudwig III, Landgrave of Upper Hesse Wilhelm III Landgraf von Hessen-Marburg
The details

Biography

Henry III, Landgrave of Upper Hesse, called "the Rich" (15 October 1440 – 13 January 1483) was the second son of Louis I of Hesse and his wife Anna of Saxony.

Upon the death of his father Louis I in 1458, Henry received Upper Hesse and his brother Louis II received Lower Hesse. He succeeded to the title of Landgrave of Hesse-Marburg in 1458. His nickname "the Rich" is indicative of his fortune in territory and tolls on the Rhine received by his marriage to Anna, daughter and heir of Philipp, the last Count of Katzenelnbogen and his wife Anne of Württemberg.

Children

His daughter Elisabeth (1466–1523) would go on to marry Johann V of Nassau-Vianden-Dietz and they would become grandparents to William the Silent. His younger daughter, Mathilde (1473–1524), would go on to marry John II, Duke of Cleves and they would become grandparents to Queen Anne of Cleves. Henry's only son to reach adulthood succeeded as William III (Wilhelm III, Landgraf von Hessen-Marburg) (1471–1500). In 1498, William ΙΙΙ married Elisabeth, the daughter of Philip, Elector Palatine. William ΙΙΙ left no legitimate heir and the title passed to his cousin, William II, Landgrave of Hesse, son of Louis II, Landgrave of Lower Hesse.

Ancestry

8. Louis the Junker of Hesse (1305-1345)
8. Louis the Junker of Hesse (1305-1345)
4. Hermann II, Landgrave of Hesse (1341-1413)
9. Elisabeth of Sponheim (1318-1345)
2. Louis I, Landgrave of Hesse (1402-1458)
10. Frederick V, Burgrave of Nuremberg (bef. 1333-1398)
5. Margaret of Hohenzollern-Nuremberg (c.1360-1406)
11. Elisabeth of Meissen (1329-1375)
1. Henry III, Landgrave of Upper Hesse
12. Frederick III, Landgrave of Thuringia (1332-1381)
6. Frederick I, Elector of Saxony (1370-1428)
13. Catherine of Henneberg-Schleusingen (?-1397)
3. Anna of Saxony (1420-1462)
14. Henry the Mild, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (c.1364-1416)
7. Catherine of Brunswick-Lüneburg (c.1389-1442)
15. Sophie of Pomerania [de] (c.1370-1406)
8. Louis the Junker of Hesse (1305-1345)
4. Hermann II, Landgrave of Hesse (1341-1413)
9. Elisabeth of Sponheim (1318-1345)
2. Louis I, Landgrave of Hesse (1402-1458)
10. Frederick V, Burgrave of Nuremberg (bef. 1333-1398)
5. Margaret of Hohenzollern-Nuremberg (c.1360-1406)
11. Elisabeth of Meissen (1329-1375)
1. Henry III, Landgrave of Upper Hesse
12. Frederick III, Landgrave of Thuringia (1332-1381)
6. Frederick I, Elector of Saxony (1370-1428)
13. Catherine of Henneberg-Schleusingen (?-1397)
3. Anna of Saxony (1420-1462)
14. Henry the Mild, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (c.1364-1416)
7. Catherine of Brunswick-Lüneburg (c.1389-1442)
15. Sophie of Pomerania [de] (c.1370-1406)
4. Hermann II, Landgrave of Hesse (1341-1413)
9. Elisabeth of Sponheim (1318-1345)
2. Louis I, Landgrave of Hesse (1402-1458)
10. Frederick V, Burgrave of Nuremberg (bef. 1333-1398)
5. Margaret of Hohenzollern-Nuremberg (c.1360-1406)
11. Elisabeth of Meissen (1329-1375)
1. Henry III, Landgrave of Upper Hesse
12. Frederick III, Landgrave of Thuringia (1332-1381)
6. Frederick I, Elector of Saxony (1370-1428)
13. Catherine of Henneberg-Schleusingen (?-1397)
3. Anna of Saxony (1420-1462)
14. Henry the Mild, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (c.1364-1416)
7. Catherine of Brunswick-Lüneburg (c.1389-1442)
15. Sophie of Pomerania [de] (c.1370-1406)
The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 10 Mar 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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References
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https://www.jstor.org/action/doBasicSearch?Query=%22Henry+III,+Landgrave+of+Upper+Hesse%22&acc=on&wc=on
http://de.wikisource.org/wiki/ADB:Heinrich_III._(Landgraf_von_Hessen)
https://d-nb.info/gnd/137944918
https://viaf.org/viaf/86107292
https://www.worldcat.org/identities/containsVIAFID/86107292
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