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Hellmuth Kneser

Hellmuth Kneser

German mathematician
Hellmuth Kneser
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro German mathematician
Was Mathematician Topologist Professor Educator
From Germany
Type Academia Mathematics
Gender male
Birth 16 April 1898, Tartu, Sweden
Death 23 August 1973, Tübingen, Germany (aged 75 years)
Star sign AriesAries
Politics Nazi Party
Family
Father: Adolf Kneser
Children: Martin Kneser
The details

Biography

Hellmuth Kneser (16 April 1898 – 23 August 1973) was a Baltic German mathematician, who made notable contributions to group theory and topology. His most famous result may be his theorem on the existence of a prime decomposition for 3-manifolds. His proof originated the concept of normal surface, a fundamental cornerstone of the theory of 3-manifolds.

He was born in Dorpat, Russian Empire (now Tartu, Estonia) and died in Tübingen, Germany. He was the son of the mathematician Adolf Kneser and the father of the mathematician Martin Kneser. He assisted Wilhelm Süss in the founding of the Mathematical Research Institute of Oberwolfach and served as the director of the institute from 1958 to 1959. He was an editor of Mathematische Zeitschrift, Archiv der Mathematik and Aequationes Mathematicae.

Kneser formulated the problem of non-integer iteration of functions and proved the existence of the entire Abel function of the exponential; on the base of this Abel function, he constructed the functional square root of the exponential function as a half-iteration of the exponential, i.e. a function φ such that φ(φ(z)) = exp(z).

Kneser was a student of David Hilbert. He was an advisor of a number of notable mathematicians, including Reinhold Baer.

Hellmuth Kneser was a member of the NSDAP and also the SA. In July 1934 he wrote to Ludwig Bieberbach a short note supporting his anti-semitic views and stating: "May God grant German science a unitary, powerful and continued political position."

Selected publications

  • Funktionentheorie. Studia Mathematica, Göttingen, 1958; 2nd edition 1966.
  • Gerhard Betsch, Karl H. Hofmann (eds.): Gesammelte Abhandlungen, De Gruyter 2005; 2011 pbk reprint
The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 09 Mar 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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Reference sources
References
http://resolver.sub.uni-goettingen.de/purl?GDZPPN002175851
http://litten.de/fulltext/cara.htm
https://books.google.com/books?id=Xa8CNCyohBQC&pg=PA276
//doi.org/10.1090%2FS0002-9904-1959-10353-0
//www.worldcat.org/issn/0002-9904
https://books.google.com/books/about/Gesammelte_Abhandlungen_Collected_Papers.html?id=ZUpBh-YBsq8C
http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Biographies/Kneser_Hellmuth.html
https://www.genealogy.math.ndsu.nodak.edu/id.php?id=7394
https://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb16528617k
https://data.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb16528617k
https://d-nb.info/gnd/116253746
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