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Heinz Prüfer

Heinz Prüfer

german mathematician
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro german mathematician
A.K.A. Ernst Paul Heinz Prüfer, Heinz Prufer
Countries Germany
Occupations Mathematician University teacher
Gender male
Birth 10 November 1896 (Wilhelmshaven)
Death 7 April 1934 (Münster)
Star sign Scorpio
Education Humboldt University of Berlin
The details
Biography

Ernst Paul Heinz Pruefer (10 November 1896 – 7 April 1934) was a German Jewish mathematician born in Wilhelmshaven. His major contributions were on abelian groups, algebraic numbers, knot theory and Sturm–Liouville theory.

In 1915 he began his University studies in Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry in Berlin. After that he started his Doctorate degree with Issai Schur as his advisor at Friedrich Wilhelm University, Berlin. In 1921 he obtained his Doctorate degree. His thesis was named Unendliche Abelsche Gruppen von Elementen endlicher Ordnung (Infinite abelian groups of elements of finite order). This thesis set the road for his contributions on abelian groups. In 1922 he worked with mathematician Paul Koebe in University of Jena, and in 1923 he obtained tenure and was at this University until 1927. In that year he moved to Münster University where he worked until the end of his life. His final work was about Projective Geometry, but it was posthumously completed by his students Gustav Fleddermann and Gottfried Köthe.

Heinz Prüfer was married, but never had children. He died prematurely at 37 years of age in 1934 in Münster Germany, due to lung cancer.

Mathematical Contributions

Heinz Prüfer created the following mathematical expressions which were later named after him:

  • Prüfer sequence (also known as Prüfer Code; it has broad applications in Graph Theory and Network theory).
  • Prüfer domain. Also see Bézout domain which is a Prüfer domain
  • Prüfer rank
  • Prüfer manifold also known as Prüfer surface or Prüfer analytical manifold
  • Prüfer group
  • Prüfer theorems
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References
http://doi.org/10.1007%2Fs00373-002-0499-3
http://www.ams.org/mathscinet-getitem?mr=1011302
http://isni.org/isni/0000000046999447
http://resolver.sub.uni-goettingen.de/purl?PPN37721857X_0045
http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Biographies/Prufer.html
http://www.genealogy.ams.org/id.php?id=17962
http://wwwmath.uni-muenster.de/historie/kapitel52.pdf
https://books.google.com/books?isbn=2881241662
https://d-nb.info/gnd/11771884X
https://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/no2002096320
https://viaf.org/viaf/57399550
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