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Heinz Auerswald

Heinz Auerswald German member of the SS

German member of the SS
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro German member of the SS
A.K.A. Хайнц Ауэрсвальд
Was Jurist Lawyer Politician
From Germany
Type Law Politics
Gender male
Birth 26 July 1908, Berlin, Margraviate of Brandenburg
Death 5 December 1970, Düsseldorf, Germany (aged 62 years)
Star sign LeoLeo
Politics Nazi Party
The details
Biography

Heinz Auerswald (26 July 1908 – 5 December 1970) was a German lawyer and member of the SS in Nazi Germany, which he joined in 1933. In 1937 he became member of the NSDAP.

Early years

Heinz Auerswald was born on 26 July 1908 in Berlin He spent his youth with his mother and relatives in the countryside. He attended elementary school and upper secondary school in Berlin, before graduating in 1927. He then worked for 3 years at Knorr-Bremse in Berlin before starting law school, graduating with a doctorate.

Career in the NSDAP

On June 7, 1933, he became a member of the SS. He was the German Commissioner of the Warsaw Ghetto ("Kommissar für den jüdischen Wohnbezirk"), from April 1941 to November 1942. While the Nazis depicted themselves as administrators and managers pursuing a would-be "productionalist policy of economic independence providing the Ghetto with essential materials for its inhabitants continual survival until the adoption of the final solution", in reality they were already pursuing the National Socialist goal of exterminating European Jewry through starvation, exposure and diseases induced by abysmal living conditions.

"Overcrowding and food shortages led to an extremely high mortality rate in the ghetto. Almost 30 percent of the population of Warsaw was packed into 2.4 percent of the city's area. The Germans set a food ration for Jews at just 181 calories a day. By August 1941, more than 5,000 people a month succumbed to starvation and disease." At least one order given by Auerswald for the execution of Jews who had escaped the Ghetto from October 17, 1941, is extant. The mass deportations of Jews from the Ghetto to the Treblinka extermination camp on July 22, 1942, began while Auerswald was the Ghetto Commissioner.

Later life

After the war, Auerswald was active as a lawyer in Düsseldorf. A late preliminary investigation into his participation in Nazi war crimes was initiated by the public prosecution in Dortmund, which was discontinued due to Auerswald's death in 1970.

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Reference sources
References
https://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/media_fi.php?ModuleId=0&MediaId=252
https://deepl.com
https://translate.google.com/
https://d-nb.info/gnd/123488419
http://isni.org/isni/000000001637741X
https://viaf.org/viaf/37826989
https://www.worldcat.org/identities/viaf-37826989
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