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Heinrich Wilhelm von Gerstenberg

Heinrich Wilhelm von Gerstenberg

German poet
Heinrich Wilhelm von Gerstenberg
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro German poet
A.K.A. Герстенберг Генрих Вильгельм фон
Was Poet Writer Playwright Critic Literary critic
From Germany
Type Film, TV, Stage & Radio Literature
Gender male
Birth 3 January 1737, Tønder, Denmark
Death 1 November 1823, Altona, Germany (aged 86 years)
Star sign Capricorn
The details (from wikipedia)

Biography

Heinrich Wilhelm von Gerstenberg (3 January 1737 – 1 November 1823) was a German poet and critic.

Gerstenberg was born in Tønder, Denmark. After attending school in Husum and at the Christianeum Hamburg, and studying law at the University of Jena (1757-1759), he entered 1760 the Danish military service and took later part in the Russian campaign of 1762. He spent the next twelve years in Copenhagen, where he was intimate with Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock. His military period ends in the year 1771. Von Gerstenberg was a Danish deputy in a German Chamber and was an assessor in the Commercial Deputation up to 1775.

From 1775 to 1783 he represented Denmark's interests as Danish Resident at Lübeck, and in 1786 received a judicial appointment at Altona, where he died in November 1823.

In the course of his long life, Gerstenberg passed through many phases of his nation's literature. He began as an imitator of the Anacreontic school (Tändeleyen, 1759); then wrote, in imitation of Gleim, Kriegslieder eines dänischen Grenadiers (1762); with his Gedicht eines Skalden (1766) he joined the group of bards led by Klopstock. He translated Beaumont and Fletcher's Maid's Tragedy (1767), and helped to usher in the Sturm und Drang period with a gruesome but powerful tragedy, Ugolino (1768). But he did perhaps even better service to the new literary movement with his Briefe über Merkwürdigkeiten der Litteratur (1766-1770), in which the critical principles of the Sturm und Drang, and especially its enthusiasm for Shakespeare, were first definitely formulated. In later life Gerstenberg lost touch with literature, and occupied himself mainly with Kant's philosophy.

His Vermischte Schriften appeared in 3 vols. (1815). The Briefe über Merkwürdigkeiten der Litteratur were republished with an introduction by Alexander von Weilen (1888).

The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 09 Mar 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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Reference sources
References
https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/1911_Encyclop%C3%A6dia_Britannica/Gerstenberg,_Heinrich_Wilhelm_von
https://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb12396522z
https://data.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb12396522z
https://d-nb.info/gnd/118690949
http://isni.org/isni/0000000081381423
https://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n86085410
https://musicbrainz.org/artist/1f685f43-2eae-4619-af80-adf2f7f5b875
https://aleph.nkp.cz/F/?func=find-c&local_base=aut&ccl_term=ica=kup20000000031196&CON_LNG=ENG
http://data.bibliotheken.nl/id/thes/p072618566
https://snaccooperative.org/ark:/99166/w6932v8b
https://www.idref.fr/033060622
https://viaf.org/viaf/59168738
https://www.worldcat.org/identities/containsVIAFID/59168738
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