Heinrich Retschury (born 5 January 1887 in Vienna; died 11 June 1944) was an Austrian football player, referee, coach and official. He played for First Vienna FC and the Austrian team as defender.
Heinrich Retschury played for First Vienna FC as defender. Together with Wilhelm Eipeldauer he formed the defence of the club. He also played in the Austrian national football team. His first match was a 4:0 win against Transleithanien. Transleithanien was the Hungarian part of the Austrian-Hungary Empire. He played another 5 times in the team . His last match was a 1:8 versus England on June 1, 1909. Later he was a member of the Olympic squad for the Stockholm Olympic games in 1912, but he did not play there.
Referee and coach
After his football career he became a successful international referee. At the 1924 Olympic Games in Paris, he was referee and led three matches (Semifinal: Uruguay-Netherlands 2:1; First Bronze medal match: Netherlands-Sweden 1:1; Second round match: Sweden-Belgium 8:1) He also led a lot of league- and cupmatches in Austria.
During the First World War he was caretaker of the football national team because the coach Hugo Meisl became soldier. (22 matches: 8 won, 3 draws, 11 lost). Also in the year 1937, after the death of Hugo Meisl, he became caretaker of the national team (5 matches: 2 won, 1 draw, 2 lost) and reached the qualification for the 1938 FIFA World Cup where Austria did not play, because the country was occupied by Germany.