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Heinrich Leberecht Fleischer
German orientalist

Heinrich Leberecht Fleischer

Heinrich Leberecht Fleischer
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro German orientalist
Was Orientalist Arabist Professor Educator
From Germany
Field Academia Social science
Gender male
Birth 21 February 1801, Bad Schandau, Germany
Death 10 February 1888, Leipzig, Germany (aged 87 years)
Star sign Pisces
Education
Leipzig University
Awards
Pour le Mérite for Sciences and Arts  
Bavarian Maximilian Order for Science and Art 1867
docteur honoris causa de l'université Charles de Prague  
Fellow of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland  
The details (from wikipedia)

Biography

Heinrich Leberecht Fleischer.

Heinrich Leberecht Fleischer (21 February 1801 – 10 February 1888) was a German Orientalist.

Biography

He was born at Schandau, Saxony. From 1819 to 1824, he studied theology and Oriental languages at Leipzig, subsequently continuing his studies in Paris, where he continued his studies of the Arabic, Turkish and Persian languages under de Sacy. From 1831-35, he taught at one of the Dresden high schools. In 1836, he was appointed professor of oriental languages at Leipzig University, and retained this post till his death, in spite of invitations to accept similar positions in Saint Petersburg and Berlin.

Fleischer was one of the eight foreign members of the French Academy of Inscriptions and a knight of the German Ordre Pour le Mérite (1868). He was a member of many German and foreign scientific societies, possessor of honorary degrees from the universities of Königsberg, Prague, Saint Petersburg, Dorpat and Edinburgh, and one of the founders of the Deutsche Morgenländische Gesellschaft.

He died at Leipzig.

Writings

His most important works were editions of Abu'l-Fida's Historia ante-Islamica (1831—1834), Al-Zamakhshari's Golden Necklaces (Leipzig, 1835), and of Al-Baydawi's Commentary on the Koran (1846–1848). He compiled a catalogue of the Oriental manuscripts in the royal library at Dresden (1831); published an edition and German translation of Ali's Hundred Sayings (1837); the continuation of Christian Maxmilian Habicht's edition of The Thousand and One Nights (vols. ix-xii, 1842–1843); and an edition of Mirza Muhammed Ibrahim's Persian Grammar (1847). He also wrote Hermes Trismegistus an die Menschliche Seele (Leipzig, 1870), Kleinere Schriften (3 vols., Leipzig, 1885–88), and an account of the Arabic, Turkish and Persian manuscripts at the town library in Leipzig.

Fleischer on the Nature of Arabic Language

«Die Frage ist für uns nicht: was ist das reinste, correcteste und schönste, sondern was ist über haupt Arabisch?» (in: Kleinere Schriften, Leipzig, 1888, Vol. iii, p. 156).

i.e. "The question for us is not: What is the purest, the most beautiful and correct Arabic, but what is Arabic in general?"

The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 01 Apr 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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References
http://www.uni-leipzig.de/unigeschichte/professorenkatalog/leipzig/Fleischer_812/
http://www.orden-pourlemerite.de/mitglieder/heinrich-leberecht-fleischer
https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/The_Encyclopedia_Americana_(1920)/Fleischer,_Heinrich_Leberecht
https://de.wikisource.org/wiki/Heinrich_Leberecht_Fleischer
http://www.deutsche-biographie.de/pnd11660042X.html
http://www.biografischportaal.nl/en/persoon/30112217
https://d-nb.info/gnd/11660042X
http://isni.org/isni/000000010868031X
https://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n87894258
https://aleph.nkp.cz/F/?func=find-c&local_base=aut&ccl_term=ica=zmp2013762960&CON_LNG=ENG
http://uli.nli.org.il/F/?func=direct&doc_number=000047377&local_base=nlx10
http://data.bibliotheken.nl/id/thes/p07043154X
https://snaccooperative.org/ark:/99166/w6q94wms
https://www.idref.fr/063468018
https://islamansiklopedisi.org.tr/fleischer-heinrich-leberecht
https://trove.nla.gov.au/people/1180119
https://viaf.org/viaf/8143848
https://www.worldcat.org/identities/lccn-n87894258
Sections Heinrich Leberecht Fleischer

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