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Heinrich Borgmann

Heinrich Borgmann Recipient of the Knight's Cross

Recipient of the Knight's Cross
Heinrich Borgmann
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro Recipient of the Knight's Cross
Was Soldier
From Germany
Type Military
Gender male
Birth 15 August 1912, Angermünde
Death 5 April 1945, Magdeburg (aged 32 years)
Heinrich Borgmann
The details

Biography

Colonel Heinrich Borgmann (15 August 1912 – 5 April 1945) was a German Army officer who served in the Wehrmacht during World War II.

Biography

He is notable for being awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and for being seriously injured by the 20 July plot bomb planted by Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg at the Wolf's Lair headquarters in Rastenburg, East Prussia.

Approximate positions of participants at the conference meeting, Borgmann (8) was standing very close to the bomb.

He joined the infantry in 1932 and by the outbreak of World War II was a Hauptmann. He took part in the invasions of Poland in 1939 and France and he was awarded the Knights Cross of the Iron Cross (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes) for his role in the latter campaign on 19 July 1940. Borgmann was then posted to Eastern Front and was awarded the Oak Leaves to the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross on 11 February 1942 when serving with Infanterie-Regiment 46. He was promoted to major and appointed to the Army Staff at Adolf Hitler's headquarters as an adjutant in October 1943 and was then promoted to Oberstleutnant.

On 20 July 1944 he was standing at the end of the conference table close to von Stauffenberg's briefcase bomb. Generalmajor Rudolf Schmundt and Oberstleutnant Heinz Brandt who were standing to his left and stenographer Heinich Berger to his right were all killed by the explosion, but Borgmann survived with serious injuries. After recovering he was posted to an infantry division as an Oberst. He was appointed commander of the Volksgrenadier-Division "Scharnhorst". Borgmann was killed during a low level air attack on his staff car in April 1945.

Awards

  • Iron Cross (1939)
    • 2nd Class (14 September 1939)
    • 1st Class (28 October 1939)
  • Infantry Assault Badge (3 October 1940)
  • Eastern Front Medal
  • Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves
    • Knight's Cross on 19 July 1940 as Oberleutnant and chief of the 9./Infanterie-Regiment 46
    • 71st Oak Leaves on 11 February 1942 as Hauptmann and commander of the III./Infanterie-Regiment 46
  • Wound Badge 20 July 1944
  • ^ Thomas 1997, p. 66.
  • ^ Scherzer 2007, p. 235.
  • Fellgiebel 2000, p. 58.

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