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Heinrich Auspitz

Heinrich Auspitz Jewish Austrian dermatologist

Jewish Austrian dermatologist
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro Jewish Austrian dermatologist
A.K.A. Carl Heinrich Auspitz
Was Dermatologist Professor Educator
From Austria
Type Academia Healthcare
Gender male
Birth 2 September 1835, Mikulov, Czech Republic
Death 23 May 1886, Vienna, Austria (aged 50 years)
Star sign VirgoVirgo
The details
Biography
Heinrich Auspitz

Carl Heinrich Auspitz (September 2, 1835 in Nikolsburg, Moravia – 22 May 1886 in Vienna) was a Jewish Austrian dermatologist. He was the husband of pianist Auguste Auspitz-Kólar (1843–1878).

He was a member of the famous Moravian-Austrian Auspitz Family [de]. Heinrich was a son of Jewish surgeon Moritz [de] (1803, Nikolsburg – 1880). His younger brother Leopold [de] (1838, Nikolsburg – 1907) was an Imperial & Royal Generalmajor and writer. In 1840, Moritz was given a job at a Jewish hospital in Vienna, and allowed better education to his sons.

Trained at the University of Vienna, he specialized in dermatology and syphilis. He was part of the so-called Vienna School of Dermatology, and studied and worked with several eminent physicians of the time; Ernst Wilhelm (Ritter von) Brücke (1819, Berlin – 1892), Karel (Carl) Freiherr von Rokytanský (1804, Bohemia – 1878), Josef Škoda (1805, Bohemia –1881), Johann Ritter von Oppolzer (1808, Bohemia – 1871), and Ferdinand Ritter von Hebra (1816, Moravia –1880).

In 1863 he became a privat-docent of dermatology and syphilis, and during the following year began work in the histological institute of Carl Wedl. In 1872 he was named director of the general policlinic, and from 1875 onward, was an associate professor at the university.

A pioneer in tissue pathology, he described the pinpoint bleeding on removal of a psoriasis scale that bears his name: "Auspitz's sign". In 1885 he published an article involving mycosis fungoides titled "Ein Fall von Granuloma fungoides (Mycosis fungoides Alibert)".

Together with Philipp Josef Pick (1834-1910), he founded first German-language magazine for dermatology, the "Archiv für Dermatologie und Syphilis" (1869). In 1882 he became a member of the German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina. In May 1886 he died from a heart condition, and was interred in the Wiener Zentralfriedhof.

Award

Since 2005, the "Heinrich Auspitz Preis" has been awarded by the Wyeth and Pfizer Corporation Austria in order to promote scientific research in the field of dermatology.

Selected works

  • Anatomie des Blattenprocesses. Virchows Archiv für pathologische Anatomie und Physiologie und für klinische Medizin, Berlin, 1863.
  • Die Lehren vom Syphilitischen Contagium und ihre thatsächliche Begründung; 384 pages. Wien, W. Braumüller, 1866.
  • Die Zelleninfiltrationen der Lederhaut bei Lupus, Syphilis und Skrophylose. Medizinische Jahrbücher, Wien, 1866.
  • Über das Verhältnis der Oberhaut zur Papillarschicht, insbesondere bei pathologischen Zuständen der Haut. Archiv für Dermatologie und Syphilis, Berlin, 1870; 2: 24-58.
The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 09 Mar 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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Reference sources
References
http://www.whonamedit.com/synd.cfm/101.html
http://www.whonamedit.com/synd.cfm/98.html
http://www.oegdv.at/cms/images/stories/dokumente/preise/Ausschreibung_Auspitzpreis.pdf
http://www.whonamedit.com/person_bibliography/78/
http://www.whonamedit.com/doctor.cfm/78.html
https://authority.bibsys.no/authority/rest/authorities/html/2123774
https://d-nb.info/gnd/11766944X
http://isni.org/isni/0000000080402472
https://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/no2015122028
https://aleph.nkp.cz/F/?func=find-c&local_base=aut&ccl_term=ica=nlk20000078650&CON_LNG=ENG
http://uli.nli.org.il/F/?func=direct&doc_number=001450535&local_base=nlx10
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