Hayao Kawai (河合隼雄, Kawai Hayao) (1928–2007) was a Japanese Jungian psychologist who has been described as "the founder of Japanese Analytical and Clinical Psychology". He introduced the sandplay therapy concept to Japanese psychology. He participated in Eranos from 1982. Kawai was the director of the International Research Center for Japanese Studies from 1995 to 2001. As chief of the Agency for Cultural Affairs from 2002 to 2007, he oversaw the popular Nihon no Uta Hyakusen song selection, as well as the "Kokoro no Note" ethics textbook now used in all Japanese primary schools. He died in Tenri Hospital following a stroke.
- The Japanese psyche: major motifs in the fairy tales of Japan (Mukashibanashi to Nihonjin no kokoro) translated by Sachiko Reece, ISBN 0-88214-368-9
- The Buddhist Priest Myōe: A Life of Dreams translated by Mark Unno, ISBN 0-932499-62-7
- Dreams, Myths and Fairy Tales In Japan translated by James G. Donat, ISBN 3-85630-544-0
- Buddhism and the art of psychotherapy, ISBN 1-60344-053-4
- Haruki Murakami Goes to Meet Hayao Kawai, ISBN 978-3-85630-764-6
- 1982 Kawai received the Osaragi Jiro Prize for his work Japanese Psyche: Major Motifs in the Fairy Tales of Japan.
- 1988 He received the Shincho Gakugei Prize in Learning and the Arts for The Buddhist Priest Myōe: A Life of Dreams.
- 1997 He received the Asahi Prize for groundbreaking research in and clinical practice of psychology
- "Hayao Kawai To Deliver Mansfield American-Pacific Lecture at the Library of Congress April 8". United States Library of Congress. 23 March 1993. Archived from the original on 20 August 2003.
- Kyoto University Public Relations (December 2000). "栄誉 - 河合隼雄名誉教授(Honors: Hayao Kawai, Professor Emeritus)" (PDF). 京大広報 (Kyoto University Public Relations) (in Japanese). University of Kyoto (552): 974.
- "Asahi Prize Winners" (in Japanese). Asahi Shimbun. Archived from the original on 21 April 2010.