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Günther Viezenz

Günther Viezenz

Recipient of the Knight's Cross
The basics
About
Occupations Military officer
Countries Germany
A.K.A. Viezenz
Gender male
Birth February 1, 1921 (Golińsk)
Death January 14, 1999 (Cologne)
Authority VIAF id
Günther Viezenz
The details
Biography

The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes) and its variants were the highest awards in the military and paramilitary of Nazi Germany during World War II. The decoration was awarded for a wide range of reasons and across all ranks, from a senior commander for skilled leadership of his troops in battle to a low-ranking soldier for a single act of extreme gallantry. A total of 7,321 awards were made between its first presentation on 30 September 1939 and its last bestowal on 17 June 1945. This number is based on the acceptance by the Association of Knight's Cross Recipients (AKCR). Presentations were made to members of the three military branches of the Wehrmacht—the Heer (Army), Kriegsmarine (Navy) and Luftwaffe (Air Force)—as well as the Waffen-SS, the Reich Labour Service, and the Volkssturm (German national militia). There were also 43 foreign recipients of the award.

These recipients are listed in the 1986 edition of Walther-Peer Fellgiebel's book, Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945The Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945. Fellgiebel was the former chairman and head of the order commission of the AKCR. In 1996, a second edition of this book was published with an addendum delisting 11 of these original recipients. Author Veit Scherzer has cast doubt on a further 193 of these listings. The majority of the disputed recipients had received the award in 1945, when the deteriorating situation of Germany during the final days of World War II left a number of nominations incomplete and pending in various stages of the approval process.

Listed here are the 92 Knight's Cross recipients whose last name starts with "V". Scherzer has challenged the validity of five of these listings. The recipients are ordered alphabetically by last name. The rank listed is the recipient's rank at the time the Knight's Cross was awarded.

Background

The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grades were based on four separate enactments. The first enactment, Reichsgesetzblatt I S. 1573 of 1 September 1939 instituted the Iron Cross, the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and the Grand Cross of the Iron Cross (Großkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes). Article 2 of the enactment mandated that the award of a higher class be preceded by the award of all preceding classes. As the war progressed, some of the recipients of the Knight's Cross distinguished themselves further and a higher grade, the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves, was instituted. The Oak Leaves, as they were commonly referred to, were based on the enactment Reichsgesetzblatt I S. 849 of 3 June 1940. In 1941, two higher grades of the Knight's Cross were instituted. The enactment Reichsgesetzblatt I S. 613 of 28 September 1941 introduced the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords and the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves, Swords and Diamonds. At the end of 1944 the final grade, the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Golden Oak Leaves, Swords, and Diamonds, based on the enactment Reichsgesetzblatt 1945 I S. 11 of 29 December 1944, became the final variant of the Knight's Cross authorized.

Recipients

Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (V)
Service   Number of presentations Posthumous presentations
Heer
68
5
Kriegsmarine
1
0
Luftwaffe
17
1
Waffen-SS
6
1

The Oberkommando der Wehrmacht (Supreme Command of the Armed Forces) kept separate Knight's Cross lists for the Heer (Army), Kriegsmarine (Navy), Luftwaffe (Air Force) and Waffen-SS. Within each of these lists a unique sequential number was assigned to each recipient. The same numbering paradigm was applied to the higher grades of the Knight's Cross, one list per grade. Of the 92 awards made to servicemen whose last name starts with "V", seven were later awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and seven presentations were made posthumously. Heer members received 68 of the medals, one went to the Kriegsmarine, 17 to the Luftwaffe, and six to the Waffen-SS.

  This along with the + (plus) indicates that a higher grade of Knight's Cross was awarded as well.
  This along with the * (asterisk) indicates that the Knight's Cross was awarded posthumously.
  This along with the ? (question mark) indicates that author Veit Scherzer has expressed doubt regarding the veracity and formal correctness of the listing.

Name Service Rank Role and unit Date of award Notes Image
Gustav von Värst Heer 17-HOberst Commander of the 2. Schützen-Brigade 30 July 1940
Herbert-Ernst Vahl Waffen-SS 17-WSS-Oberführer Leader of 2. SS-Panzergrenadier-Division "Das Reich" 31 March 1943
Hans-Joachim Valet Luftwaffe 12-LLeutnant Pilot in the 3./Transportgeschwader 2 20 April 1944
Hermann Valle Heer 13-HOberleutnant of the Reserves Chief of the 4./Schützen-Regiment 112 31 December 1941
Helmuth Valtiner Heer 03-HGefreiter Reconnaissance troop leader in the 1./Gebirgsjäger-Regiment 143 13 June 1941
Anton Vandieken Waffen-SS 14-WSS-Hauptsturmführer of the Reserves Leader of a Kampfgruppe in SS-Kavallerie-Regiment 15 26 December 1944
Eugène Vaulot Waffen-SS 06-WWaffen-Unterscharführer Group leader in the 33. SS-Freiwilligen-Division "Charlemagne" (franz. Nr. 1) in the combat area Groß Berlin (greater Berlin) 29 April 1945
Bernhard Vechtel Luftwaffe 10-LFahnenjunker-Oberfeldwebel Pilot in the 10./Jagdgeschwader 51 "Mölders" 27 July 1944
Peter Veeser Heer 10-HOberfeldwebel Shock troops leader in the 7./Infanterie-Regiment 125 14 May 1941
Fritz Vehse Heer 03-HGefreiter Deputy group leader in the 3./Pionier-Bataillon 342 4 October 1944
Rudolf Veiel Heer 19-HGeneralleutnant Commander of the 2. Panzer-Division 3 June 1940
Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1984-018-08A, Rudolf Veiel.jpg
Voldemārs Veiss Waffen-SS 17-WWaffen-Standartenführer Commander of lett. SS-Freiwilligen-Grenadier-Regiment 48 9 February 1944
Alfred Veith Luftwaffe 13-LOberleutnant Observer in the 5./Kampfgeschwader 55 24 October 1944
Johann Veith Waffen-SS 13-WSS-Obersturmführer Leader of the 3./SS-Panzer-Regiment 2 "Das Reich" 14 February 1945* Killed in action 7 January 1945
Martin Veldkamp Heer 06-HUnteroffizier Group leader in the 6./Grenadier-Regiment 76 (motorized) 28 November 1943
Paul Velke Heer 16-HOberstleutnant Commander of Pionier-Bataillon 45 15 August 1940
Otto Velten Heer 09-HFeldwebel Leader of Infanterie-Pionier-Zug/Grenadier-Regiment 436 5 April 1945
Theodor Velten Heer 12-HLeutnant Leader of the 3./Panzer-Aufklärungs-Abteilung 14 4 October 1944
Siegfried Verhein Heer 18-HGeneralmajor Leader of Kampfgruppe 551. Volksgrenadier-Division 28 February 1945
Josef Vernhold Heer 06-HUnteroffizier In the 8./Infanterie-Regiment 60 (motorized) 22 February 1942
Kurt Versock Heer 17-HOberst Commander of Infanterie-Regiment 31 25 August 1942
Dr.-agrar. Hans Vesenmayer Luftwaffe 13-LOberleutnant Chief of the 2./leichte Flak-Abteilung 77 (self-motorized) 18 November 1944
Kurt Veth Luftwaffe 14-LHauptmann Commander of the II./Fallschirmjäger-Regiment 3 30 September 1944
Alfred Vetter Kriegsmarine 12-MLeutnant Group leader in the Marine-Kleinkampfmittel-Flottille 211 12 August 1944 Along with Iron Cross (1939) 2nd and 1st Class
Johann Vetter Heer 03-HGefreiter PaK gunner in the 14.(Panzerjäger)/Grenadier-Regiment 147 15 June 1944* Killed on active service 4 June 1944
Martin Vetter Luftwaffe 15-LMajor Gruppenkommandeur of the II./Kampfgeschwader 26 16 May 1940
Max Vetter Heer 06-HUnteroffizier Zugführer (platoon leader) in the 1./Grenadier-Regiment 380 7 February 1944
Alexander Vial Heer 17-HOberst Commander of Grenadier-Regiment 60 (motorized) 18 December 1942
Hermann Vicinius Heer 14-HHauptmann of the Reserves Commander of the I./Grenadier-Regiment 866 16 September 1943
Willi Vickendey Heer 04-HObergefreiter Group leader of the 7./Skijäger-Regiment 1 17 September 1944
Hans Viebig Heer 17-HOberst Commander of Grenadier-Regiment 258 21 February 1944
Korbinian Viechter Heer 12-HLeutnant of the Reserves Leader of the 4./Grenadier-Regiment 42 20 October 1944
Helmut Viedebantt Luftwaffe 13-LOberleutnant Staffelkapitän in the II./Zerstörergeschwader 1 30 December 1942
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-J73257, Helmut Viedebantt.jpg
Wilhelm Viehmann Heer 16-HOberstleutnant Commander of Grenadier-Regiment 453 17 April 1945
Gottfried Viehweg Heer 13-HOberleutnant of the Reserves Chief of the 3./Grenadier-Regiment 456 13 January 1944
Ernst Vielhauer Heer 15-HMajor Commander of the II./Grenadier-Regiment 461 21 May 1943
Wilhelm-August Vielwerth Heer 10-HOberfeldwebel Zugführer (platoon leader) in the 1./Infanterie-Regiment 87 (motorized) 18 October 1941
Fritz Vierecker? Heer 14-HHauptmann Leader of an alarm unit at the Oder sector 28 April 1945
Erwin Vierow Heer 20-HGeneral der Infanterie Commanding general of the LV. Armeekorps 15 November 1941
Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1981-084-17, Erwin Vierow.jpg
Willi Viertel Luftwaffe 13-LOberleutnant Staffelkapitän of the 7./Sturzkampfgeschwader 1 5 February 1944* Killed in action 31 August 1943
Heinrich von Vietinghoff+ called von Scheel Heer 20-HGeneral der Panzertruppe Commanding general of the XIII. Armeekorps 24 June 1940 Awarded 456th Oak Leaves 16 April 1944 Heinrich von Vietinghoff.jpg
Günther Viezenz Heer 13-HOberleutnant Chief of the 10./Grenadier-Regiment 7 7 January 1944
Heinrich Villinger Heer 12-HLeutnant Leader of the 6./Gebirgsjäger-Regiment 99 1 February 1945* Killed in action 12 December 1944
Otto Vincon+ Heer 14-HHauptmann of the Reserves Deputy leader of the I./Grenadier-Regiment 460 3 December 1943 Awarded 728th Oak Leaves 5 February 1945
Heinz Vinke+ Luftwaffe 09-LFeldwebel Pilot in the 11./Nachtjagdgeschwader 1 19 September 1943 Awarded 465th Oak Leaves 25 April 1944 Smiling man wearing life jacket and a military decoration in shape of an Iron Cross at his neck.
Gerhard Virkus Heer 10-HOberfeldwebel Company troop leader in the 2./Panzergrenadier-Regiment 25 7 September 1943
Kurt Vischer Heer 04-HObergefreiter Group leader in the 6./Jäger-Regiment 40 (L) 18 December 1944
Viktor Vitali? Luftwaffe 12-LLeutnant Zugführer (platoon leader) in the 5./Fallschirmjäger-Regiment 4 30 April 1945
Helmut Vocke Heer 14-HHauptmann Commander of the II./Panzergrenadier-Regiment 40 26 March 1943
Georg Vögerl Luftwaffe 12-LLeutnant In Fallschirmjäger-Regiment 26 28 March 1945
Helmut Vögtle? Heer 14-HHauptmann of the Reserves Commander of the II./Gebirgsjäger-Regiment 99 1 June 1945
Paul Völckers Heer 19-HGeneralleutnant Commander of the 78. Infanterie-Division 11 December 1942
Hermann Völk Heer 14-HHauptmann Commander of Panzer-Jäger-Abteilung 92 26 March 1944
Helmut Völkel Heer 09-HFeldwebel Zugführer (platoon leader) of the 6./Gebirgsjäger-Regiment 91 13 November 1942* Died of wounds 26 October 1942
Dr.-jur. Gerhard Völker Heer 13-HOberleutnant of the Reserves Leader of the II./Panzergrenadier-Regiment 25 26 November 1944
Emil Vogel+ Heer 19-HGeneralleutnant Commander of the 101. Jäger-Division 7 August 1943 Awarded 475th Oak Leaves 14 May 1944
Robert Vogel Heer 09-HFeldwebel Zugführer (platoon leader) in the 7./Grenadier-Regiment 119 (motorized) 26 August 1943
Walter Vogel Heer 15-HMajor Commander of the I./Grenadier-Regiment 6 29 August 1943
Friedrich Vogelsang Heer 10-HOberfeldwebel Zugführer (platoon leader) in the 12./Infanerie-Regiment 78 4 September 1942
Dr. med. dent. Friedrich Vogelsang Heer 16-HOberstleutnant Commander of Grenadier-Regiment 505 14 December 1943
Karl Vogelsang Heer 15-HMajor of the Reserves Commander of the II./Artillerie-Regiment 157 14 January 1945
Emil Vogler Heer 06-HUnteroffizier Kradmeldestaffel (motorcycle halftrack messenger squadron) in the Stab I./Panzergrenadier-Regiment 93 24 January 1944
Adolf Vogt Heer 13-HOberleutnant Chief of the 12./Grenadier-Regiment 1054 16 October 1944
Emil Vogt Heer 10-HOberschirrmeister In the Stabskompanie/Panzergrenadier-Regiment 101 26 March 1943
Fritz Vogt+ Waffen-SS 13-WSS-Obersturmführer Zugführer (platoon leader) in the 2./SS-Aufklärungs-Abteilung of the SS-Verfügungs-Division 4 September 1940 Awarded 785th Oak Leaves 16 March 1945
Heinz-Gerhard Vogt Luftwaffe 12-LLeutnant Staffelführer of the 5./Jagdgeschwader 26 "Schlageter" 25 November 1944
Ludwig Vogt Heer 12-HLeutnant of the Reserves Leader of the 4.(MG)/Grenadier-Regiment 915 17 February 1945
Hans Vohburger Heer 13-HOberleutnant Chief of the 7./Infanterie-Regiment 19 "List" 14 December 1941
Gerhard Voigt Heer 13-HOberleutnant Chief of the 2./Pionier-Bataillon 18 25 June 1940
Hans Voigt? Heer 18-HGeneralmajor Commander of fortress Arnswalde (Pommern) 28 April 1945
Hans-Günther Voigt Heer 13-HOberleutnant Chief of the 5./Grenadier-Regiment 154 29 February 1944* Killed in action 12 January 1944
Walter Voigt Heer 10-HOberfeldwebel Zugführer (platoon leader) in the 14.(Panzerjäger)/Grenadier-Regiment 31 16 October 1944
Heinrich Voigtsberger+ Heer 15-HMajor Commander of MG-Bataillon 2 9 July 1941 Awarded 351st Oak Leaves 9 December 1943
Friedrich-Jobst Volckamer von Kirchensittenbach Heer 19-HGeneralleutnant Commander of the 8. Jäger-Division 26 March 1944
Hennecke Volckens Heer 14-HHauptmann Chief of the 7./Panzer-Regiment 6 17 December 1942* Died of wounds 16 December 1942
Kurt Volk Heer 06-HUnteroffizier Gun leader in the 2./Panzer-Jäger-Abteilung 9 10 May 1943
Herbert Volke Heer 10-HOberwachtmeister Zugführer (platoon leader) in the 1./Panzer-Aufklärungs-Abteilung 5 16 November 1944
Heinrich Volker Heer 14-HHauptmann Chief of the Stabskompanie/Panzergrenadier-Regiment 73 19 January 1943
Heinz Volkmann Heer 12-HLeutnant of the Reserves Battery officer in the 2./Artillerie-Regiment 240 8 February 1943
Friedrich Vollbracht Luftwaffe 16-LOberstleutnant Geschwaderkommodore of Zerstörergeschwader 2 13 October 1940
Götzpeter Vollmer Luftwaffe 13-LOberleutnant Staffelkapitän of the 1./Sturzkampfgeschwader 2 "Immelmann" 22 June 1941
Günter Vollmer Heer 13-HOberleutnant of the Reserves Leader of the 3./Grenadier-Regiment 411 20 April 1943
Heinrich Vonhoff Heer 13-HOberleutnant of the Reserves Chief of the 12./Infanterie-Regiment 408 25 September 1942
Klaus Voormann Heer 13-HOberleutnant Chief of the 10./Infanterie-Regiment 134 10 September 1942
Oskar Vorbrugg Luftwaffe 17-LOberst Commander of Flak-Regiment 21 (motorized) 3 June 1944
Nikolaus von Vormann Heer 19-HGeneralleutnant Commander of the 23. Panzer-Division 22 August 1943
Werner Voshage? Heer 15-HMajor Commander of Heeres-Flak-Abteilung "Brandenburg" 8 May 1945
Ernst Voß+ Heer 16-HOberstleutnant Commander of Grenadier-Regiment 585 18 April 1943 Awarded 314th Oak Leaves 28 October 1943
Herbert Voß Luftwaffe 15-LMajor Gruppenkommandeur of the II./Kampfgeschwader 51 5 February 1944
Johann-Joachim Voß Heer 13-HOberleutnant of the Reserves Leader of the 5./Schützen-Regiment 93 27 May 1942
Reimer Voß Luftwaffe 13-LOberleutnant Staffelkapitän of the 4./Kampfgeschwader 26 12 March 1945
Heinrich Voutta Heer 14-HHauptmann Leader of Panzer-Aufklärungs-Abteilung 9 23 March 1945


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References
http://alex.onb.ac.at/cgi-content/anno-plus?apm=0&aid=dra&datum=19390007&zoom=2&seite=00001573&ues=on&x=21&y=6
http://alex.onb.ac.at/cgi-content/anno-plus?apm=0&aid=dra&datum=19400007&zoom=2&seite=00000849&ues=on&x=22&y=10
http://alex.onb.ac.at/cgi-content/anno-plus?apm=0&aid=dra&datum=19410007&zoom=2&seite=00000613&ues=on&x=14&y=9
http://alex.onb.ac.at/cgi-content/anno-plus?apm=0&aid=dra&datum=19450007&zoom=2&seite=00000011&ues=on&x=14&y=10
http://www.lexikon-der-wehrmacht.de/Orden/Ritterkreuz/IndexRK.htm
https://web.archive.org/web/20101229195453/http://www.bundesarchiv.de/bundesarchiv/dienstorte/freiburg/index.html.en
https://www.bundesarchiv.de/bundesarchiv/dienstorte/freiburg/index.html.en
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