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Gotthelf Bergsträsser

Gotthelf Bergsträsser

German linguist
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro German linguist
A.K.A. Gotthelf Bergstrasser
Countries Germany
Occupations Linguist University teacher
Gender male
Birth 5 April 1886 (Oberlosa)
Death 16 August 1933 (Berchtesgaden)
Star sign Aries
Education Leipzig University
The details
Biography

Gotthelf Bergsträsser (5 April 1886, Oberlosa, Plauen – 16 August 1933, near Berchtesgaden) was a German linguist specializing in Semitic studies, usually considered to be one of the greatest of the twentieth century. Bergsträsser was first a teacher of Classical languages and then decided to learn the Semitic languages.

He was a professor at the University of Constantinople during World War I, when he was an officer in the German army stationed in Turkey. When he was there, he studied the spoken dialects of Arabic and Aramaic in Syria and Palestine. One of his most well known works is the 29th (and final) edition of Wilhelm Gesenius' Hebrew Grammar (1918–1929), which remained incomplete, containing only phonology and morphology of the verb. Also widely admired was his Introduction to the Semitic Languages (1928, English translation 1983). These brought him international fame as a scholar. His last position was professor of the Semitic languages at the University of Munich.

Bergsträsser mostly engaged in the study of Arabic, focusing on the history of the text of the Qur'an. Bergsträsser left many of his planned works unfinished (including the rest of his Hebrew grammar and his grammar of spoken Aramaic), when he disappeared while mountaineering in 1933. Bergsträsser was an outspoken anti-Nazi, and helped to save German Jewish scholars.

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References
http://catalogo.bne.es/uhtbin/authoritybrowse.cgi?action=display&authority_id=XX1465985
http://data.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb125702140
http://isni.org/isni/0000000110346193
https://archive.org/details/HunainIbnIshaqberDieSyrischenUndArabischenGalen-bersetzungen
https://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb125702140
https://d-nb.info/gnd/116134194
https://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n82087707
https://libris.kb.se/auth/180084
https://viaf.org/viaf/128592
https://www.idref.fr/035013311
https://www.jstor.org/stable/224983
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