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Gilbert, Count of Montpensier

Gilbert, Count of Montpensier

Count of Clermont-en-Auvergne and Montpensier and Dauphin d'Auvergne
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro Count of Clermont-en-Auvergne and Montpensier and Dauphin d'Auvergne
A.K.A. Gilbert de Bourbon
Gender male
Death 15 October 1496 (Pozzuoli)
Father: Louis ICount of Montpensier
Spouse: Clara Gonzaga
Children: Louis IICount of MontpensierCharles IIIDuke of BourbonLouise de BourbonDuchess of MontpensierRenée of Bourbon
The details

Gilbert de Bourbon, Count of Montpensier (1443 – 15 October 1496, Pozzuoli) was the son of Louis de Bourbon and Gabrielle La Tour, Count of Montpensier and Dauphin d'Auvergne. He was appointed to the Order of Saint Michael by Charles VIII in October 1483.


Gilbert was the first person, after a number of divisions of Auvergne in the Middle Ages, to carry the bloodlines of the respective dynasties of each of the three main divisions of Auvergne, the countship, the dukedom and the dauphinate.

His paternal grandmother Marie of Berry, Duchess of Bourbon, was heiress to the duchy of Auvergne. The creation for the Berry and Bourbon branches was made of lands that were confiscated from the count of Auvergne by Philip II of France. His paternal great-grandmother Anne of Auvergne was daughter of the dauphin of Auvergne and after the extinction of her brother's line, in her issue the heiress thereof. Though Gilbert was by no means the primogenitural heir to any of them, as head of the cadet branch of his family, he received Montpensier and the dauphinate as appanages inside the extended family.

Marriage and issue

On 24 February 1482 Gilbert married Clara Gonzaga (1 July 1464 – 2 June 1503), daughter of Federico I of Gonzaga of Mantua; they had the following issue:

  • Louise, Duchess of Montpensier (1482 – 5 July 1561), eventually the heiress of all the Bourbon estates, but not titles
  • Louis II, Count of Montpensier (1483 – 14 August 1501)
  • Charles III, Duke of Bourbon (17 February 1489 – 6 May 1527, in battle), from 1503 onwards the heir male of Bourbon ducal dynasty
  • François, Duke of Châtellerault (1492 – 13 September 1515, Battle of Marignano)
  • Renée, Lady of Mercœur (1494 – 26 May 1539, Nancy), married on 26 June 1515 at the Château d'Amboise to Antoine, Duke of Lorraine
  • Anne (1495 – 1510, Spain)

Gilbert was made the Viceroy of Naples in 1495 after king Charles VIII of France occupied the city. In July 1496, Montpensier he was captured at Atella with the remaining French forces, he and his men were held in a malarial marshland near Pozzuoli, where he later died.

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