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Géza Anda

Géza Anda

Swiss pianist and conductor of Hungarian birth
Géza Anda
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro Swiss pianist and conductor of Hungarian birth
Was Musician Pianist Conductor Composer
From Hungary Switzerland
Type Music
Gender male
Birth 19 November 1921, Budapest, Hungary
Death 13 June 1976, Zürich, Switzerland (aged 54 years)
Star sign Scorpio
Family
Spouse: Hortense Anda-Bührle
Education
Franz Liszt Academy of Music (-1941)
Instruments:
Piano
The details (from wikipedia)

Biography

Géza Anda in 1966

Géza Anda ([ˈɡeːzɒ ˈɒndɒ]; 19 November 1921 – 14 June 1976) was a Swiss-Hungarian pianist. A celebrated interpreter of classical and romantic repertoire, particularly noted for his performances and recordings of Mozart, he was also considered to be a tremendous interpreter of Beethoven, Schumann, Brahms and Bartók. In his heyday he was regarded as an amazing artist, possessed of a beautiful, natural and flawless technique that gave his concerts a unique quality. But since his death in 1976 at the age of fifty-four, his high reputation has faded somewhat from view. Most of his recordings were made on the Deutsche Grammophon label.

Early years

Anda was born in 1921 in Budapest. He studied with some of the renowned teachers of the 20th century such as Imre Stefaniai and Imre Keéri-Szántó, and became a pupil of Ernst von Dohnányi and Zoltán Kodály at the Franz Liszt Academy in Budapest. In 1940 he won the Liszt Prize, and in the next year, he made an international name for himself with his performance of Brahms's Piano Concerto No. 2. In 1941, he also made his debut with the Berlin Philharmonic under Wilhelm Furtwängler, who dubbed him "troubadour of the piano." In 1943, he settled in Switzerland. He was married to Hortense Bührle, daughter of Emil Georg Bührle (owner Schweiz. Werkzeugmaschinenfabrik and art collector), Zürich.

Middle years

In the mid-1950s, Anda gave masterclasses at the Salzburg Mozarteum, and in 1960 he took the position of director of the Lucerne masterclasses, succeeding Edwin Fischer. His students included Per Enflo, who later became renowned for his work in mathematical analysis.

As a performer, Anda was particularly noted for his interpretation of Schumann's and Brahms's piano music. The New Grove Dictionary cites his "charismatic readings of Bartók and Schumann". He was regarded as the principal Bartók interpreter of his generation, even if other pianists since his death have made more obviously exciting recordings of that composer's concertos. Although he played very little Mozart in his early career, he became the first pianist to record the full cycle of Mozart's piano concerti; he recorded them between 1961 and 1969, conducting the orchestra from the keyboard.

His performance of the Andante from Mozart's Piano Concerto No. 21 in C on the soundtrack of the 1967 film Elvira Madigan led to the epithet "Elvira Madigan" often being applied to the concerto.

"From the outset of his career, he was what one might call a philosopher-virtuoso. In his lifelong quest for the perfect balance of head and heart, between intellect and instinct, he explored many facets of music-making." He was honored in 1965 by being named a Chevalier of the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres, and he also became an honorary member of the Royal Academy of Music in 1970.

He died on 14 June 1976 in Zurich, Switzerland. His cause of death was esophageal cancer.

The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 28 Mar 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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References
https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0061620/
http://daggy.name/cop/bkofdead/obits-a.htm
http://www.gezaanda.ch/
https://authority.bibsys.no/authority/rest/authorities/html/90374434
http://catalogo.bne.es/uhtbin/authoritybrowse.cgi?action=display&authority_id=XX831390
https://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb13890747d
https://data.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb13890747d
https://ci.nii.ac.jp/author/DA10485245?l=en
https://d-nb.info/gnd/118502743
https://hls-dhs-dss.ch/fr/articles/020530
http://isni.org/isni/0000000121336687
https://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n82164740
https://kopkatalogs.lv/F?func=direct&local_base=lnc10&doc_number=000056727&P_CON_LNG=ENG
https://musicbrainz.org/artist/987dcba6-adff-4d9b-91af-5d5cc9f7c934
https://nla.gov.au/anbd.aut-an35840836
http://uli.nli.org.il/F/?func=direct&doc_number=000449191&local_base=nlx10
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