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Gerhard Schrader

Gerhard Schrader

German chemist
Gerhard Schrader
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro German chemist
Was Chemist
From Germany
Type Science
Gender male
Birth 25 February 1903, Bortfeld, Germany
Death 10 April 1990, Cronenberg, Wuppertal, Germany (aged 87 years)
Star sign Pisces
Peoplepill ID gerhard-schrader-2
Gerhard Schrader
The details (from wikipedia)

Biography

Gerhard Schrader (25 February 1903 – 10 April 1990) was a German chemist specializing in the discovery of new insecticides, hoping to make progress in the fight against hunger in the world. Schrader is best known for his accidental discovery of nerve agents such as sarin and tabun, and for this he is sometimes called the "father of the nerve agents".

Schrader was born in Bortfeld, near Wendeburg, Germany. He attended gymnasium in Braunschweig and later studied chemistry at Braunschweig University of Technology. He was later employed at the Bayer AG division of IG Farben.

Schrader discovered several very effective insecticides, including bladan (the first fully synthetic contact insecticide Hexaethyl tetraphosphate being a constituent), and parathion (E 605). In 1936, while employed by the large German conglomerate IG Farben, he was experimenting with a class of compounds called organophosphates, which killed insects by interrupting their nervous systems. Instead of a new insecticide, he accidentally discovered tabun, an enormously toxic organophosphate compound and nerve agent. During World War II, under the Nazi regime, teams led by Schrader discovered two more organophosphate nerve agents, and a fourth after the war:

  • Tabun (1936)
  • Sarin (1938)
  • Soman (1944)
  • Cyclosarin (1949)
The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 31 Dec 2019. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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References
http://www.deutsche-biographie.de/pnd124881920.html
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https://www.jstor.org/action/doBasicSearch?Query=%22Gerhard+Schrader%22&acc=on&wc=on
https://d-nb.info/gnd/124881920
http://isni.org/isni/0000000107840959
https://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n83828687
https://aleph.nkp.cz/F/?func=find-c&local_base=aut&ccl_term=ica=ola2003197999&CON_LNG=ENG
http://data.bibliotheken.nl/id/thes/p240068548
https://www.idref.fr/085586625
https://viaf.org/viaf/77260128
https://www.worldcat.org/identities/containsVIAFID/77260128
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