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Gerhard Roßbach

Gerhard Roßbach

German politician
Gerhard Roßbach
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro German politician
A.K.A. Gerhard Rossbach, Gerhard RoBbach
Was Soldier Politician
From Germany
Type Military Politics
Gender male
Birth 28 February 1893, Pomerania Province, Prussia
Death 30 August 1967, Hamburg, Germany (aged 74 years)
Star sign PiscesPisces
Politics Nazi Party, German Völkisch Freedom Party
The details

Biography

Gerhard Roßbach (28 February 1893 – 30 August 1967), also spelt Rossbach, was a German Freikorps leader and organizer of nationalist groups after World War I. He is generally credited with inventing the brown uniforms of the Nazi Party after supplying surplus tropical khaki shirts to early troops of the Sturmabteilung (SA).

Life and career

Roßbach was born in Kehrberg, Pomerania. During the Baltic fighting of 1919, his Freikorps Roßbach [de] made an extremely long march from Berlin across Eastern Europe to rescue the Iron Division (another Freikorps) from destruction by the Latvian Army. It went on to participate in the Kapp Putsch in 1920, get banned, and then reformed under numerous changing front organizations, each of which in turn was banned. Money came from the Landbund, heavy industry, and arms dealing. In the early 1920s, he was arrested for trying to overthrow the government.

Roßbach helped start the Schilljugend, a youth organization, to get rid of "intellectual elements" in the youth movements and instill children with "nationalistic, socialistic, authoritative, and militaristic" ideas. He took a special interest in developing its membership. Roßbach organised music festivals which combined folk and classical music to instil national pride and construct radical-nationalist community values.

Roßbach also joined the Nazi Party for a time, and was Hitler's representative in Berlin, setting up front organizations when the Nazis were banned in Prussia. He took part in the Beer Hall putsch of 1923, mobilising students, cadets and officer candidates of the Reichswehr. After the failed putsch, he fled to Vienna using a false passport. There he was arrested in February 1924, but allowed to remain in Austria. He was recruited by Adolf Hitler to help organize the Sturmabteilung (SA). By 1928, he could claim to have killed "a number of Mecklenburg laborers and Spartacist sympathizers". He later fell out with Hitler during the latter's rise to power and was arrested but not killed during the Night of the Long Knives in 1934.

Historian Robert G. L. Waite described Roßbach as a "sadistic murderer of the so-called Fehmgericht and the notorious homosexual who, according to his own testimony, perverted Ernst Röhm".

After World War II Roßbach operated an import-export company near Frankfurt, and wrote his memoirs in 1950. In his last years he played a prominent role in organising the Bayreuth Festivals of Richard Wagner's music.

The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 08 Mar 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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Reference sources
References
https://books.google.com/books?id=jd1dOlcqb-wC
https://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb15066746s
https://data.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb15066746s
https://d-nb.info/gnd/121476162
http://isni.org/isni/0000000084097284
https://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n90634219
http://data.bibliotheken.nl/id/thes/p393208303
https://snaccooperative.org/ark:/99166/w65b2cqj
https://viaf.org/viaf/112375233
https://www.worldcat.org/identities/lccn-n90634219
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