Quantcast
peoplepill id: gerhard-barkhorn
GB
4 views today
4 views this week
Gerhard Barkhorn

Gerhard Barkhorn

German general and fighter pilot during World War II
Gerhard Barkhorn
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro German general and fighter pilot during World War II
A.K.A. Barkhorn
Was Military officer Pilot Aviator Fighter pilot
From Germany
Type Military
Gender male
Birth 20 March 1919, Königsberg, Prussia
Death 8 January 1983, Frechen, Germany (aged 63 years)
Star sign Pisces
The details

Biography

Gerhard "Gerd" Barkhorn (20 March 1919 – 8 January 1983) was the second most successful fighter ace of all time after fellow Luftwaffe pilot Erich Hartmann. Other than Hartmann, Barkhorn is the only fighter ace to ever exceed 300 claimed victories.

Born in the Weimar Republic in 1919, Barkhorn joined the Luftwaffe in 1937 and completed his training in 1939.

Barkhorn flew his first combat missions in May 1940, during the Battle of France and then the Battle of Britain without shooting down any aircraft. His first "victory" came in July 1941 and his total rose steadily against Soviet opposition. In March 1944 he was awarded the second highest decoration in the Wehrmacht when he received the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords for 250 aerial victories. Despite being the second-highest scoring pilot in aviation history, Barkhorn was not awarded the Diamonds to his Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords after achieving his 300th victory on 5 January 1945.

Barkhorn flew 1,104 combat sorties and was credited with 301 victories on the Eastern Front against the Soviet Red Air Force piloting the Messerschmitt Bf 109 and Focke-Wulf Fw 190D-9. He flew with the famed Jagdgeschwader 52 (JG 52–52nd Fighter Wing), alongside fellow aces Hartmann and Günther Rall, and Jagdgeschwader 2 (JG 2–2nd Fighter Wing). Less than two weeks later he left JG 52 on the Eastern Front and joined Jagdgeschwader 3 (JG 3–3rd Fighter Wing), defending Germany from Western Allied air attack.

Barkhorn surrendered to the Western Allies in May 1945 and was released later that year. After the war Barkhorn joined the German Air Force of the Bundeswehr, serving until 1975. On 6 January 1983, Barkhorn was involved in a car crash with his wife Christl. She died instantly and Gerhard died two days later on 8 January 1983.

Early life and career

Barkhorn was born on 20 March 1919 in Königsberg in the Free State of Prussia of the Weimar Republic. Today it is Kaliningrad in Kaliningrad Oblast, the Russian exclave between Poland and Lithuania on the Baltic Sea. He was one of four children of Stadtbauoberinspektor (urban design inspector) Wilhelm and his wife Therese. Barkhorn had two brothers, Helmut and Dieter, and a sister Meta.

Barkhorn attended the Wilhelms-Gymnasium in Königsberg.

Following four years of Volksschule (primary school), Barkhorn attended the Wilhelms-Gymnasium, a secondary school, where he graduated with his Abitur (diploma). After his compulsory Reichsarbeitsdienst (Reich Labour Service) Barkhorn joined the military service in the Nazi German Luftwaffe in November 1937 as a Fahnenjunker (Cadet). He started his flight training in March 1938.

World War II in Europe began on Friday 1 September 1939 when German forces invaded Poland and Barkhorn was selected for specialized fighter pilot training. Upon completion of his training, he was commissioned as a Leutnant (Second Lieutenant) and posted to 3. Staffel (3rd squadron) in Jagdgeschwader 2 "Richthofen" (JG 2–2nd Fighter Wing). This unit had an old tradition and was named after the World War I fighter pilot Manfred von Richthofen. He was flight trained by Franz Stigler, who would later become a Luftwaffe ace himself. He was then transferred to the 6. Staffel (6th squadron) of Jagdgeschwader 52 (JG 52–52nd Fighter Wing) on 1 August 1940.

World War II

Barkhorn flew his first combat sorties over Belgium and France during the Battle of France and later over southern England during the Battle of Britain, flying the Messerschmitt Bf 109E. On 1 August 1940 Barkhorn was transferred to 6./Jagdgeschwader 52 (JG 52). He did not have any success, although he flew some 21 combat sorties and was shot down in the English Channel on 29 October by RAF fighters. Shortly thereafter he was rewarded with the Iron Cross 1st Class (Eisernes Kreuz erster Klasse). In the Staffel, he flew alongside another promising pilot, Hans-Joachim Marseille.

Eastern Front

In 1941, JG 52 was transferred to the east and participated in Operation Barbarossa, the invasion of the Soviet Union, on 22 June 1941. Subsequently, Gerhard Barkhorn scored his first victory by shooting down a Red Air Force DB-3 bomber on 2 July, flying his 120th combat sortie.

By November his tally had reached 10 victories and he was promoted to Oberleutnant on 11 November 1941.

On 21 May 1942 Barkhorn was appointed Staffelkapitän of 4./JG 52. He continued to add to his score over the next year, until on 19 July when he became "ace-in-a-day" by shooting down six aircraft in his Bf 109F. He was wounded on 25 July and put out of action for two months, returning to combat in October. During July 1942, Barkhorn had destroyed 30 Soviet aircraft. On 23 August he received the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes) for having shot down a total of 59 aircraft. After a two-month break from the front he returned to action in early October. On 19 December 1942, Barkhorn had raised his score to 101 victories. That day, he became the 32nd Luftwaffe pilot to achieve the century mark. Barkhorn came to respect the Soviet pilots. On one occasion he was involved in a forty-minute dogfight with a Lavochkin-Gorbunov-Gudkov LaGG-3. "Sweat was pouring off me just as though I had stepped out of the shower," he recalled: despite having a faster aircraft he was simply unable to get a bead on the Russian pilot.

On 9 January 1943, Barkhorn claimed his 105th. His victims included Lieutenant Vasiliyev, and Hero of the Soviet Union Podpolkovnik Lev Shestakov of the 236 IAP Fighter Regiment. Barkhorn strafed their Yakovlev Yak-1 fighters until they caught fire. Both pilots survived. Barkhorn was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub) on 11 January 1943.

Barkhorn, now a Hauptmann, was appointed Gruppenkommandeur of II./JG 52 on 1 September 1943. On 5 September he shot down Hero of the Soviet Union and Soviet fighter ace Nikolay Klepikov, an ace with 10 personal and 32 shared victories. This was offset by the loss of II./JG 52's 173-victory ace Oberleutnant Heinz Schmidt. The two Lavochkin La-5s shot down by Barkhorn were his 165th and 166th aerial victories. Barkhorn reached the 200 mark on 30 November 1943. On 23 January 1944 Barkhorn became the first German pilot to fly 1,000 combat missions.

The main German fighter unit covering the Crimea and Kuban was his II./JG 52 and in the three months between December 1943 and 13 February 1944 the unit claimed 350 victories, of which 50 were claimed by Barkhorn personally. On 13 February 1944 he reached 250 victories. Barkhorn was the second to reach this total.

He had claimed 15 victories in September, 23 in November and 28 in December, including seven on 28 December alone.

Barkhorn in the cockpit of a Bf 109, at Anapa, autumn 1943.

On 2 March 1944 he was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern). He attended the wedding of fellow pilot Erich Hartmann as best man. Barkhorn was promoted to Major (major) on 1 May 1944.

On 31 May, on 273 victories, he was shot down by Soviet fighters and hospitalized for four months. With Barkhorn sidelined, Hartmann was to overtake his total.

Eventually returning to his unit the psychological damage and combat stress on Barkhorn became apparent; sitting in his cockpit he became overcome with anxiety, and even when flying with friendly aircraft behind him he felt intense fear. It took several weeks for him to overcome this condition. Returning to combat in October he claimed his 275th victory on 14 November. Over the next few weeks Barkhorn added another 26 victories, scoring his 301st (and final) victory on 5 January 1945.

Defense of the Reich

On 16 January 1945 Barkhorn was assigned as Geschwaderkommodore (wing commander) to Jagdgeschwader 6 (JG 6–6th Fighter Wing), a unit assigned to defend the Reich and equipped with the Focke-Wulf Fw 190D. Barkhorn led this unit until the end-March 1945. During his ten weeks tenure as Geschwaderkommodore of JG 6, he did not claim any aerial victories. JG 6 was a unit consisting mostly of new recruits and former Bf-110 pilots; it suffered heavy losses against the American air fleets. Barkhorn did not last long in this position and was forced to take a medical absence because of severe physical and mental strain.

After his hospitalization Barkhorn was invited by Adolf Galland to join the elite Jagdverband 44 (JV 44–44th Fighter Detachment) flying the Messerschmitt Me 262 jet-fighter. He found flying the Me 262 over the western front difficult and he did not score any victories in it. On 21 April 1945, he flew his 1,104th and last mission. One of the engines of his aircraft flamed out as he was approaching an enemy bomber formation and he was forced to make an emergency landing. As he approached the airfield, his jet was attacked by several prowling North American P-51 Mustang fighters. Barkhorn managed to land his burning plane though he received a slight wound as a result of this action when the cockpit canopy – which on the Me 262A, flipped open to starboard, like a Bf 109's did – prior to crash landing, slammed shut on his neck. Taken prisoner by the Western Allies while still in hospital, he was released from Allied captivity in September 1945.

Barkhorn claimed 301 victories in 1,100 combat missions. He was shot down nine times, bailed out once and was wounded twice.

Later life and service

After Barkhorn was released as a prisoner of war, he then found work in the automobile industry. Following the decision of the Cabinet of Germany to rearm the Federal Republic of Germany, Barkhorn joined the military service of the West German Air Force in 1956. From 1 April 1957 to 31 December 1962, he commanded the Jagdbombergeschwader 31 "Boelcke" (JaBoG 31—Fighter-Bomber Wing 31). In 1964 he was posted to the staff of Luftwaffen-Erprobungskommando (Air Force Test Command) holding the rank of Colonel.

From October 1964 until November 1965, Colonel Barkhorn headed the six-man West German Air Force contingent of the Tripartite Kestrel Evaluation Squadron at Royal Air Force Station West Raynham, Norfolk, England. The squadron's mission was to evaluate the military capabilities of the VSTOL Kestrel (aka the Hawker Siddeley P1127 and forerunner of the Harrier VSTOL aircraft). The squadron consisted of military pilots and ground staff from three nations: Great Britain, USA and West Germany. In addition to being one of the squadron pilots, Barkhorn also served as one of the squadron's two Deputy Commanders. At the conclusion of the evaluation, Barkhorn then accompanied the American contingent to the US, where he assisted in that nation's continuing trials of six of the Kestrels that had been shipped to the US and renamed the XV-6A.

Barkhorn was promoted to Brigadier general in 1969 and to Major general in 1973. His last position was Chief of Staff of the Second Allied Tactical Air Force, a NATO military formation under Allied Air Forces Central Europe. He retired from active service on 30 September 1975.

On 6 January 1983 he and his wife were involved in a car crash near Cologne. His wife died instantly and Barkhorn, without regaining consciousness, died in hospital in Frechen/Cologne on 8 January 1983. They were buried in Tegernsee, Bavaria.

Summary of career

Aerial victory claims

Matthews and Foreman, authors of Luftwaffe Aces – Biographies and Victory Claims, researched the German Federal Archives and found records for 300 aerial victory claims, plus one further unconfirmed claim. All of his aerial victories were claimed on the Eastern Front.

Victory claims were logged to a map-reference (PQ = Planquadrat), for example "PQ 44793". The Luftwaffe grid map (Jägermeldenetz) covered all of Europe, western Russia and North Africa and was composed of rectangles measuring 15 minutes of latitude by 30 minutes of longitude, an area of about 360 square miles (930 km). These sectors were then subdivided into 36 smaller units to give a location area 3 × 4 km in size.

Chronicle of aerial victories

  This and the ♠ (Ace of spades) indicates those aerial victories which made Barkhorn an "ace-in-a-day", a term which designates a fighter pilot who has shot down five or more airplanes in a single day.
  This and the – (dash) indicates unconfirmed aerial victory claims for which Barkhorn did not receive credit.
  This and the ! (exclamation mark) indicates information discrepancies listed by Prien, Stemmer, Rodeike, Bock, Matthews and Foreman.

Claim Date Time Type Location Claim Date Time Type Location
– 6. Staffel of Jagdgeschwader 52 –
1 2 July 1941 18:50 DB-3 6 25 August 1941 10:40 I-153
2 28 July 1941 11:20 I-16 7 25 August 1941 12:59 I-18 (MiG-1)
3 29 July 1941 17:34 DB-3 8 23 September 1941 16:30 I-18 (MiG-1)
4 19 August 1941 13:35 I-18 (MiG-1) 9 4 October 1941 13:37 DB-3
5 22 August 1941 12:25 V-11 (Il-2) 10 30 November 1941 10:07 I-61 (MiG-3)
– 4. Staffel of Jagdgeschwader 52 –
11 16 May 1942 06:18 MiG-1 87 8 December 1942 10:15 P-40 10 km (6.2 mi) south of Prudboj
12 18 May 1942 05:50 R-5 88 10 December 1942 14:30 P-40 3 km (1.9 mi) east of Barizynskij
13 25 May 1942 09:24 Il-2 89 11 December 1942 09:25 Yak-1 2 km (1.2 mi) west of Kulpinskij
14 26 May 1942 05:28 LaGG-3 3 km (1.9 mi) east of Protopopowka 90 11 December 1942 09:27 Yak-1 2.5 km (1.6 mi) northwest of Kulpinskij
15 26 May 1942 11:30 Il-2 91 11 December 1942 09:30 Yak-1 4 km (2.5 mi) northwest of Kulpinskij
16 27 May 1942 08:30 MiG-1 92 13 December 1942 10:45 P-40 5 km (3.1 mi) northwest of Ssamochin
17 27 May 1942 15:28 Pe-2 6 km (3.7 mi) northeast of Petrovskaja 93 13 December 1942 10:50 P-40 5 km (3.1 mi) south of Kamenko
18 5 June 1942 04:45 MiG-1 94 13 December 1942 11:30 Il-2 5 km (3.1 mi) north of Tschilekow
19 9 June 1942 14:52 LaGG-3 95 17 December 1942 07:50 Yak-1 1 km (0.62 mi) south of Abganerovo
20 11 June 1942 09:45 LaGG-3 96 17 December 1942 10:10 Yak-1 5 km (3.1 mi) west of Abganerovo
21 14 June 1942 13:55 LaGG-3 97 17 December 1942 13:11 Yak-1 5 km (3.1 mi) north of Shutow 2
22♠ 22 June 1942 05:52 LaGG-3 Kupiansk 98 18 December 1942 09:45 Yak-1 15 km (9.3 mi) east of Werch, Komskij
23♠ 22 June 1942 05:55 LaGG-3 Kupiansk 99 18 December 1942 10:35 Yak-1 8 km (5.0 mi) west of Shutowo
24♠ 22 June 1942 05:57 LaGG-3 Kupiansk 100 19 December 1942 09:15 P-40 3 km (1.9 mi) south of Sety
25♠ 22 June 1942 06:25 LaGG-3 Kupiansk 101 19 December 1942 09:20 P-40 1 km (0.62 mi) south of Turguta
26♠ 22 June 1942 11:45 LaGG-3 102 20 December 1942 08:00 LaGG-3 5 km (3.1 mi) east of Gratschij
27 23 June 1942 12:55 Yak-1 103 9 January 1943 12:45 Yak-1 PQ 28783, 9 km (5.6 mi) north of the Kuberke train station
Zimovniki area
28 24 June 1942 07:48 LaGG-3 104 9 January 1943 12:50 Yak-1 PQ 28783, 2 km (1.2 mi) northwest of Zimovniki
29 24 June 1942 07:52 LaGG-3 105 10 January 1943 06:17 Yak-1 PQ 28852, Remontnaja
30 25 June 1942 18:05 LaGG-3 106 4 February 1943 09:10 Yak-4 PQ 44 Ost 08892, 5 km (3.1 mi) northeast of Korsertschy-Chomuty
31 26 June 1942 13:05 LaGG-3 107 7 February 1943 12:10 Il-2 PQ 44 Ost 99472, 5 km (3.1 mi) northeast of Budjonowka
32 30 June 1942 18:05 LaGG-3 108 11 February 1943 07:15 I-16 PQ 44 Ost 8532, 5 km (3.1 mi) southwest of Eriwanskaja
33 30 June 1942 18:09 LaGG-3 109 11 February 1943 13:25 LaGG-3 PQ 44 Ost 8537, 5 km (3.1 mi) southeast of Gelendzhik
34 1 July 1942 06:05 LaGG-3 110 11 February 1943 13:30 LaGG-3 PQ 44 Ost 8537, 5 km (3.1 mi) northwest of Gelendzhik
35 1 July 1942 10:07 Il-2 111 11 February 1943 13:40 I-153 PQ 44 Ost 7564, 5 km (3.1 mi) southeast of Novorossiysk
36 1 July 1942 10:11 Boston 112 12 February 1943 06:03 I-16 PQ 34 Ost 75464, 5 km (3.1 mi) southeast of Kabardinka
37 1 July 1942 19:04 Hurricane 113 12 February 1943 06:10 I-16 PQ 34 Ost 75462, east of Kabardinka
38 2 July 1942 07:20 LaGG-3 114 12 February 1943 11:55 Yak-1 PQ 34 Ost 86552, 4 km (2.5 mi) southeast of Peltawskaja
39 2 July 1942 09:20 LaGG-3 115 12 February 1943 12:03 Yak-1 PQ 34 Ost 8659, 5 km (3.1 mi) northwest of Iwanowskaja
40 4 July 1942 06:27 LaGG-3 116 13 February 1943 13:34 Yak-1 PQ 34 Ost 8522, 4 km (2.5 mi) northwest of Georgije
Afipskaja
41 4 July 1942 10:30 LaGG-3 117 22 February 1943 08:15 LaGG-3 PQ 34 Ost 75422, 1 km (0.62 mi) north of Hight 446
42 5 July 1942 17:43 Hurricane 118 22 February 1943 08:20 LaGG-3 PQ 34 Ost 75422, 3 km (1.9 mi) east of Schirokoja-Balka (Balker)
43 6 July 1942 15:30 LaGG-3 119 26 February 1943 10:45 LaGG-3 PQ 34 Ost 75463, 7 km (4.3 mi) southwest of Kabardinka
44 9 July 1942 15:55 LaGG-3 120 27 February 1943 14:00 Yak-1 PQ 34 Ost 86533, 6 km (3.7 mi) northwest of Staromyschastowskaja
45 10 July 1942 16:40 LaGG-3 121 28 April 1943 09:45 LaGG-3 PQ 34 Ost 86794, 10 km (6.2 mi) east of Mingrelskaja
46♠ 19 July 1942 07:00 LaGG-3 122 29 April 1943 13:20 LaGG-3 PQ 34 Ost 86792, 8 km (5.0 mi) northeast of Mingrelskaja
47♠ 19 July 1942 07:35 Hurricane Rostov area 123 29 April 1943 13:50 LaGG-3 PQ 34 Ost 85211, 2 km (1.2 mi) northwest of Nowo-Iwanowskoje
48♠ 19 July 1942 07:36 Hurricane Rostov area 124 29 April 1943 17:30 LaGG-3 PQ 34 Ost 85161, 5 km (3.1 mi) north of Kholmskaya
49♠ 19 July 1942 11:25 LaGG-3 125 30 April 1943 07:45 Spitfire PQ 34 Ost 85161, 5 km (3.1 mi) north of Kholmskaya
50♠ 19 July 1942 15:20 LaGG-3 126 30 April 1943 17:15 LaGG-3 PQ 34 Ost 85173, 3 km (1.9 mi) southwest of Usun
51♠ 19 July 1942 15:30 I-16 127 9 May 1943 16:55 LaGG-3 PQ 34 Ost 76864, Kruglik
52♠ 20 July 1942 07:07 LaGG-3 128 28 May 1943 09:18 Spitfire PQ 34 Ost 76893, 4 km (2.5 mi) southeast of Kijewskoje
53♠ 20 July 1942 13:16 LaGG-3 129 28 May 1943 09:48 Yak-1 PQ 34 Ost 76894, 10 km (6.2 mi) east of Kijewskoje
54♠ 20 July 1942 13:18 LaGG-3 130 29 May 1943 18:20 Il-2 PQ 34 Ost 75231, 4 km (2.5 mi) northwest of Krymskaja
55♠ 20 July 1942 13:20 LaGG-3 131 29 May 1943 18:25 Yak-1 PQ 34 Ost 76894, 8 km (5.0 mi) east of Kijewskoje
56♠ 20 July 1942 16:00 LaGG-3 132 31 May 1943 10:40 P-39 PQ 34 Ost 86573, 4 km (2.5 mi) south of Slawjanskaja
57 21 July 1942 09:55 I-16 133 31 May 1943 13:15 Yak-1 PQ 34 Ost 75231, northwest of Krymskaja
58 22 July 1942 17:46 Hurricane 134 8 June 1943 09:28 LaGG-3 PQ 34 Ost 76831, 2 km (1.2 mi) north of Anastasiewskaja
59 23 July 1942 04:15 LaGG-3 135 10 June 1943 11:59 La-5 PQ 34 Ost 85132, Abinskaja
60 23 July 1942 04:25 LaGG-3 136 10 June 1943 18:28 La-5 PQ 34 Ost 76861, 10 km (6.2 mi) north of Kijewskoje
61 23 July 1942 13:50 I-153 137 10 June 1943 18:34 La-5 PQ 34 Ost 86731, 8 km (5.0 mi) east of Krymskaja
62 24 July 1942 10:20 I-16 138 30 July 1943 06:40 Yak-1 PQ 34 Ost 76893, 2 km (1.2 mi) southeast of Kijewskoje
63 24 July 1942 15:13 LaGG-3 139 2 August 1943 08:00 Yak-1 PQ 34 Ost 99778, 2 km (1.2 mi) east of Wagoltschik
64 24 July 1942 15:14 LaGG-3 140 2 August 1943 12:15 Yak-1 PQ 34 Ost 88292, Kuybyshev
65 7 October 1942 08:05 LaGG-3 3 km (1.9 mi) northeast Tuapse 141 4 August 1943 15:35 La-5 PQ 35 Ost 61355, Tomarovka
66 7 October 1942 13:25 LaGG-3 PQ 95674, Gunaiberg 142 4 August 1943 16:03 La-5 PQ 35 Ost 61365, Belgorod
67 7 October 1942 13:29 LaGG-3 PQ 95674, Gunaiberg 143 5 August 1943 09:58 La-5 PQ 35 Ost 61365, Belgorod
68 7 October 1942 13:29 LaGG-3 PQ 95674, Gunaiberg 144 5 August 1943 15:55 Yak-1 PQ 35 Ost 61339, northwest of Belgorod
69 9 October 1942 12:50 I-16 3 km (1.9 mi) south of Nelkokow 145 5 August 1943 16:02 Yak-1 PQ 35 Ost 61418, Belgorod
70 20 October 1942 14:15 R-5 15 km (9.3 mi) southeast of Tuapse 146 7 August 1943 07:05 Yak-1 PQ 35 Ost 61254, Melinowka
71 25 October 1942 13:30 LaGG-3 15 km (9.3 mi) southeast of Slepsowskaja 147 7 August 1943 15:20 La-5 PQ 35 Ost 51474, Dorogoschtsch
72 25 October 1942 13:35 LaGG-3 16 km (9.9 mi) southeast of Slepsowskaja 148 7 August 1943 15:27 La-5 PQ 35 Ost 51424, Protopopowka
73 26 October 1942 15:30 LaGG-3 16 km (9.9 mi) east of Aponka 149 7 August 1943 18:32 La-5 PQ 35 Ost 60832, Sergejewka
74 26 October 1942 15:32 LaGG-3 PQ 44811, Bataku-Jurt 150 8 August 1943 06:10 Il-2 m.H. PQ 35 Ost 61523, Bessonowka
75 29 October 1942 12:42 Yak-1 2 km (1.2 mi) north of Altebinal 151 8 August 1943 06:13 Il-2 m.H. PQ 35 Ost 61523, Bessonowka
76 30 October 1942 08:50 Yak-1 6 km (3.7 mi) south of Lazarevskoye 152 12 August 1943 15:45 La-5 PQ 35 Ost 51843, 30 km (19 mi) east of Bogodacha
77 30 October 1942 11:50 LaGG-3 10 km (6.2 mi) east of Schatschi 153 21 August 1943 08:07 La-5 PQ 34 Ost 88295, Kurykitschewo
78 30 October 1942 12:05 LaGG-3 3 km (1.9 mi) southwest of Alexejewka 154 21 August 1943 11:07 Il-2 m.H. PQ 34 Ost 88256, 3 km (1.9 mi) east of Kalinowka
79 3 November 1942 14:45 LaGG-3 10 km (6.2 mi) north of Tuapse 155 22 August 1943 14:20 La-5 PQ 35 Ost 70763, south of Krasnij-Oskol
80 10 November 1942 11:15 LaGG-3 3 km (1.9 mi) southeast of Lazarevskoye 156 23 August 1943 10:00 La-5 PQ 34 Ost 79131, Dolegaskaja
81 15 November 1942 09:00 LaGG-3 3 km (1.9 mi) southeast of Lazarevskoye 157 23 August 1943 10:27 La-5 PQ 35 Ost 70843, 15 km (9.3 mi) east of Krassnij-Oskol
82 28 November 1942 11:00 P-40 10 km (6.2 mi) northeast of Bussinowka 158 23 August 1943 14:28 La-5 PQ 35 Ost 70792, 3 km (1.9 mi) east of Krassnij-Oskol
83 30 November 1942 08:30 P-40 10 km (6.2 mi) west of Tundutow 159 23 August 1943 14:50 La-5 PQ 35 Ost 70792, 5 km (3.1 mi) east of Kamyschewicha
84 30 November 1942 08:40 Yak-1 5 km (3.1 mi) south of Kauschino 160 24 August 1943 06:15 Yak-1 PQ 35 Ost 70812, 15 km (9.3 mi) east of Izium
85 30 November 1942 08:45 LaGG-3 10 km (6.2 mi) north of Wertjatschi 161 24 August 1943 14:34 Yak-1 PQ 35 Ost 70784, 15 km (9.3 mi) south of Izium
86 2 December 1942 13:50 Yak-1 5 km (3.1 mi) south of Tundutow 162! 26 August 1943 17:05 Il-2 m.H. PQ 34 Ost 76681, 15 km (9.3 mi) northwesth of Anastasijewskaja
Stab II. Gruppe of Jagdgeschwader 52 –
163 2 September 1943 17:55 Yak-9 PQ 35 Ost 60151, 1 km (0.62 mi) north of Besljudowka 233 3 January 1944 10:45 Yak-1 vicinity of Iljitsch
164 4 September 1943 16:55 Il-2 m.H. PQ 35 Ost 40232, 1 km (0.62 mi) north of Kotelwa
Kolontajew
234 12 January 1944 10:07 Il-2 east of Bulganak
165 5 September 1943 10:55 La-5 PQ 35 Ost 40273 235 18 January 1944 11:27 P-39 Kerch area
166 5 September 1943 11:05 La-5 PQ 35 Ost 40222 236 23 January 1944 09:27 Yak-1 Majak area
167 6 September 1943 14:15 Yak-1 PQ 35 Ost 60342, 2 km (1.2 mi) northwest of Taranowka 237 23 January 1944 09:29 Yak-1 Kerch area
168 6 September 1943 14:25 Yak-1 PQ 35 Ost 6035, 3 km (1.9 mi) east of Taranowka 238 23 January 1944 12:15 P-39 east of Kerch
169 6 September 1943 17:24 Yak-1 PQ 35 Ost 60312, 3 km (1.9 mi) west of Ssokolowo 239 24 January 1944 14:56 Yak-1 Cape Tarchan
170 8 September 1943 07:45 Il-2 m.H. PQ 35 Ost 60394, 10 km (6.2 mi) west of Andrejewka 240 25 January 1944 12:50 P-39 vicinity of Kamysh Burun
171 8 September 1943 07:55 La-5 PQ 35 Ost 60352, 7 km (4.3 mi) east of Taranowka 241 26 January 1944 12:00 P-39
172 8 September 1943 17:23 La-5 PQ 35 Ost PQ 60314, 5 km (3.1 mi) southeast of Taranowka 242 28 January 1944 12:18 P-39 vicinity of Majak-Bakny
173 9 September 1943 14:35 Yak-1 PQ 35 Ost 51794 243 10 February 1944 13:45 Yak-9 east of Bulganak
174 9 September 1943 17:13 La-5 PQ 35 Ost 51853 244 10 February 1944 15:00 Yak-9 east of Bulganak
175 13 September 1943 13:25 Yak-1 PQ 35 Ost 60342, northwest of Taranowka 245 10 February 1944 15:35 Yak-9 vicinity of Bagerowo
176 13 September 1943 13:50 Yak-1 PQ 35 Ost 60234 246 12 February 1944 10:46 Yak-9 vicinity of Kerch
177 20 September 1943 09:20 R-5 PQ 35 Ost 11212 247 12 February 1944 12:46 Yak-1 Adshim Uschkaj
178 15 November 1943 10:07 Yak-1 PQ 34 Ost 66812, northwest of Taman 248 12 February 1944 12:58 Yak-1 east of Bulganak
179 15 November 1943 10:20 Yak-1 PQ 34 Ost 66594 249 12 February 1944 13:20 Yak-1 25 km (16 mi) southeast of Rusa
180 16 November 1943 11:57 P-39 PQ 34 Ost 66832 250 12 February 1944 15:50 Yak-9 vicinity of Majak-Bakny
181 16 November 1943 12:25 P-39 PQ 34 Ost 66591 251 25 February 1944 12:00 Pe-2
182 16 November 1943 14:17 Yak-1 PQ 34 Ost 6664, 2 km (1.2 mi) east of Bakssy 252 24 April 1944 11:25 Boston III vicinity of Sevastopol
183 19 November 1943 09:07 Yak-1 PQ 34 Ost 66644 253 24 April 1944 13:55 Yak-7 over the Black Sea, 10 km (6.2 mi) south of Sevastopol
184 19 November 1943 14:15 P-39 PQ 34 Ost 66734, south of Kerch
over the sea east of Elitigen
254 26 April 1944 12:08 Yak-7 10 km (6.2 mi) south of Sevastopol
185 19 November 1943 14:20 Yak-1 PQ 34 Ost 66811, west of Taman 255 26 April 1944 17:10 Yak-7 Belobek area
186 20 November 1943 10:15 Yak-1 PQ 34 Ost 66677 256 26 April 1944 17:50 Yak-7 over the Black Sea, 10 km (6.2 mi) south of Sevastopol
187 20 November 1943 13:40 Yak-1 PQ 34 Ost 66643, Kolonka 257 27 April 1944 10:48 Yak-7 vicinity of Sevastopol
188 20 November 1943 13:45 P-39 Kerch harbor 258 28 April 1944 12:35 Yak-7 15 km (9.3 mi) east of Sevastopol
189 21 November 1943 09:22 Yak-9 PQ 34 Ost 66641, northwest of Bakssy 259 28 April 1944 15:23 Yak-7 15 km (9.3 mi) southeast of Sevastopol
190 21 November 1943 13:35 Yak-1 PQ 34 Ost 66613, northeast of Bulganak 260 28 April 1944 15:25 Yak-7 15 km (9.3 mi) east of Sevastopol
191 26 November 1943 10:38 Yak-1 southeast of Kerch 261 1 May 1944 11:05 Yak-7 10 km (6.2 mi) south of Sevastopol
192 26 November 1943 14:03 Yak-1 southwest of Kertsch 262 4 May 1944 12:24 Yak-7 25 km (16 mi) southeast of Sevastopol
193 26 November 1943 14:05 Yak-1 southeast of Kertsch 263 5 May 1944 10:52 Il-2 over the Black Sea, 15 km (9.3 mi) northwest of Sevastopol
194 27 November 1943 09:45 P-39 east of Sentinel 3 264 5 May 1944 11:00 Yak-7 10 km (6.2 mi) north-northeast of Sevastopol
195 28 November 1943 08:44 Yak-1 PQ 34 Ost 66732, east of Eltigen 265 6 May 1944 15:10 Yak-7 vicinity of Katscha
196 28 November 1943 08:47 Yak-1 PQ 34 Ost 66534 266 8 May 1944 09:11 Yak-7 over the Black Sea, 10 km (6.2 mi) south of Sevastopol
197 28 November 1943 09:00 Yak-1 PQ 34 Ost 66594 267 8 May 1944 09:17 Il-2 10 km (6.2 mi) south of Sevastopol
198 29 November 1943 10:15 P-39 west of Cape Takyl 268 30 May 1944 16:55 P-39 10 km (6.2 mi) south of Tudora
199 29 November 1943 14:20 Yak-1 PQ Ost 66734, southeast of Eltigen 269 30 May 1944 17:05 P-39 10 km (6.2 mi) south of Tudora
200 30 November 1943 09:50 Yak-1 western Kolonka 270 31 May 1944 05:38 P-39 8 km (5.0 mi) north of Iași
201 1 December 1943 14:12 Il-2 m.H. southeast of Eltigen
31 May 1944 05:45 P-39
202♠ 2 December 1943 10:27 Yak-1 Kossa Tusla 271 31 May 1944 06:10 Il-2 10 km (6.2 mi) south of Iași
203♠ 2 December 1943 10:39 P-39 south of Eltigen 272 31 May 1944 06:15 Yak-9 10 km (6.2 mi) south of Tudora
204♠ 2 December 1943 10:48 Il-2 east of Eltigen 273 26 October 1944 14:25 Yak-3 15 km (9.3 mi) south of Nyregynaza
205♠ 2 December 1943 14:15 Yak-1 Kamysh Burun 274 14 November 1944 11:45 Yak-9 35 km (22 mi) west-northwest of Karcag
206♠ 2 December 1943 14:18 Yak-1 east of Kamysh Burun 275 14 November 1944 12:00 Yak-9 vicinity of Jászberény
207♠ 2 December 1943 14:23 Yak-1 northwest of Cape Takyl 276 16 November 1944
Il-2
208 4 December 1943 09:06 Il-2 m.H. east of Eltigen 277 16 November 1944
Il-2
209 4 December 1943 14:09 Il-2 m.H. east of Eltigen 278 16 November 1944
Il-2
210 6 December 1943 14:21 Yak-1 west of Kossal Tusla 279 16 November 1944 13:40 Yak-3 vicinity of Jászberény
211 6 December 1943 14:37 Il-2 southeast of Eltigen 280 16 November 1944 13:45 La-5 20 km (12 mi) southwest of Gyöngyös
212 9 December 1943 10:18 Il-2 m.H. south of Dshankoj 281 17 November 1944 10:23 La-5 40 km (25 mi) east-northeast of Budapest
213 9 December 1943 10:25 Yak-1 east of Kolonka 282 17 November 1944 15:00 Yak-3 30 km (19 mi) southwest of Gyöngyös
214 17 December 1943 10:13 P-39 northeast of Bakssy 283 23 November 1944
Il-2
215 27 December 1943 12:11 P-39 PQ 34 Ost 6664, northwest of Bakssy 284 24 November 1944
Pe-2
216♠ 28 December 1943 08:47 Yak-1 north of Cape Warsowka 285 25 December 1944
Yak-9
217♠ 28 December 1943 08:53 Il-2 m.H. near Dshankoj 286 25 December 1944
Yak-9
218♠ 28 December 1943 10:20 Yak-1 east of Cape Chroni 287 29 December 1944
Il-2
219♠ 28 December 1943 10:23 Yak-1 west of Cape Chroni 288 29 December 1944
Boston
220♠ 28 December 1943 12:07 Yak-1 Kertsch harbor 289 2 January 1945
Il-2
221♠ 28 December 1943 12:10 P-39 north of Bakssy 290 2 January 1945
Il-2
222♠ 28 December 1943 12:21 Yak-1 Kertsch harbor 291 2 January 1945
Yak-9
223 29 December 1943 09:38 Yak-9 north of Katerles 292 3 January 1945
Il-2
224 29 December 1943 13:35 P-39 east of Opassnaja 293 3 January 1945
Il-2
225 29 December 1943 13:45 Yak-1 south of Bulganak 294 3 January 1945
Yak-9
226 29 December 1943 13:48 Yak-1 north of Dshankoj 295 3 January 1945
Yak-9
227 30 December 1943 09:30 Yak-1 northern Bulganak 296 4 January 1945
Yak-9
228 30 December 1943 13:23 Yak-1 east of Bulganak 297 4 January 1945
La-5
229 1 January 1944 10:43 Yak-1 over the sea east of Kerch 298 4 January 1945
La-5
230 1 January 1944 13:08 Pe-2 Cape Tarchan 299 4 January 1945
Yak-9
231 1 January 1944 13:09 Pe-2 Cape Tarchan 300 5 January 1945
La-5
232 1 January 1944 13:10 Pe-2 Cape Chroni

Awards

  • Wound Badge in Black
  • Front Flying Clasp of the Luftwaffe in Gold with Pennant "1,100"
  • Combined Pilots-Observation Badge
  • Honorary Cup of the Luftwaffe on 20 July 1942 as Oberleutnant and Staffelkapitän
  • German Cross in Gold on 21 August 1942 as Oberleutnant in the 4./Jagdgeschwader 52
  • Iron Cross (1939)
    • 2nd class (23 October 1940)
    • 1st class (3 December 1940)
  • Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords
    • Knight's Cross on 23 August 1942 as Oberleutnant and Staffelkapitän of the 4./Jagdgeschwader 52
    • 175th Oak Leaves on 11 January 1943 as Oberleutnant and Staffelkapitän of the 4./Jagdgeschwader 52
    • 52nd Swords on 2 March 1944 as Hauptmann and Gruppenkommandeur of the II./Jagdgeschwader 52
The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 08 Mar 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
comments so far.
Comments
Reference sources
References
https://web.archive.org/web/20181222042030/http://www.bergstrombooks.elknet.pl/bc-rs/planquadrat.htm
http://www.bergstrombooks.elknet.pl/bc-rs/planquadrat.htm
https://books.google.com/books?id=IzJUlCpm4zMC&printsec=frontcover
https://d-nb.info/gnd/131856774
http://isni.org/isni/0000000078736094
https://aleph.nkp.cz/F/?func=find-c&local_base=aut&ccl_term=ica=jn20000720017&CON_LNG=ENG
https://viaf.org/viaf/33143325
https://www.worldcat.org/identities/viaf-33143325
arrow-left arrow-right arrow-up arrow-down instagram whatsapp myspace quora soundcloud spotify tumblr vk website youtube stumbleupon pandora tunein gplay iheart itunes