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Georg I, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen

Georg I, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen

Duke of saxe-meiningen
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro Duke of saxe-meiningen
Gender male
Birth February 4, 1761 (Frankfurt, Darmstadt Government Region, Hesse, Germany)
Death December 24, 1803 (Meiningen, Schmalkalden-Meiningen, Thuringia, Germany)
Mother: Princess Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Philippsthal
Father: Anton Ulrich, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen
Siblings: Charles WilliamDuke of Saxe-MeiningenPrincess Charlotte of Saxe-MeiningenPrincess Louise of Saxe-MeiningenAmalia van Saksen-Meinigen
Spouse: Princess Louise Eleonore of Hohenlohe-Langenburg
Children: Adelaide of Saxe-MeiningenPrincess Ida of Saxe-MeiningenBernhard II, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen
The details

Georg I Frederick Karl, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen (4 February 1761 in Frankfurt – 24 December 1803 in Meiningen), was Duke of Saxe-Meiningen from 1782 to 1803. He was known as a reformer and considered a model prince by many of his peers.


Georg was born on 4 February 1761 at Frankfurt as the fourth but second surviving son of Anton Ulrich, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen and Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Philippsthal. His father was 73 years old at the time and died two years later in 1763.


Georg succeeded his older and childless brother, Karl Wilhelm in the Duchy of Saxe-Meiningen in 1782. He ruled based on the principles of "enlightened absolutism" emphasizing in particular the importance of education. He initiated the building of the Gymnasium later named Bernhardinum after his son. Georg I also opened the ducal library to the public, reformed the (Protestant) church practices in his princedom and initiated new social policies. Under a nom-de-plume he published philosophical treatises. As a result, many of his fellow princes considered him a model ruler and his duchy as the German state where enlightened absolutism reached its apogee.

Marriage and issue

In Langenburg on 27 November 1782, Georg married Luise Eleonore of Hohenlohe-Langenburg. After ten years they began to have children, finally having four:

  1. Adelaide Luise Therese Karoline Amalie (b. Meiningen, 13 August 1792 - d. Bentley Priory, Middlesex, 2 December 1849), married on 11 July 1818 to the Duke of Clarence, later King William IV of the United Kingdom.
  2. Ida (b. Meiningen, 25 June 1794 - d. Weimar, 4 April 1852), married on 30 May 1816 to Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach.
  3. stillborn daughter (Meiningen, 16 October 1796).
  4. Bernhard II Erich Freund, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen (b. Meiningen, 17 December 1800 - d. Meiningen, 3 December 1882).


Georg I died of a fever on 24 December 1803 at Meiningen.


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