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George, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg

George, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg

Ruled as Prince of Calenberg
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro Ruled as Prince of Calenberg
A.K.A. Georg von Calenberg
Gender male
Birth November 17, 1582 (Celle)
Death April 2, 1641 (Hildesheim)
Family
Mother: Dorothea of DenmarkDuchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Father: William the YoungerDuke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Siblings: Augustus the ElderDuke of Brunswick-LüneburgFrederick IVDuke of Brunswick-LüneburgErnest IIChristianDuke of Brunswick-LüneburgSophie of Brunswick-LüneburgDorothea of Brunswick-LüneburgMargaret of Brunswick-LüneburgSybille of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Spouse: Anne Eleonore of Hesse-Darmstadt
Children: George WilliamDuke of Brunswick-LüneburgChristian LouisDuke of Brunswick-LüneburgJohn FrederickDuke of Brunswick-LüneburgSophie Amalie of Brunswick-LüneburgErnest AugustusElector of Brunswick-Lüneburg
The details
Biography

George, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (17 November 1582, Celle – 2 April 1641, Hildesheim) ruled as Prince of Calenberg from 1635.
He was a son of William, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (1535–1592) and Dorothea of Denmark (1546–1617). His mother was daughter to Christian III of Denmark and Dorothea of Saxe-Lauenburg. She acted as a regent during the early years of his reign, keeping power from the councillors who had mismanaged the estates during his father's fits of insanity.
In the 1635 redivision of the territories of the House of Welf after the death of Frederick Ulrich of Brunswick-Lüneburg, he received the Principality of Calenberg, which included the former Principality of Göttingen since 1495, while his elder brother Augustus retained the Principality of Lüneburg. George was the first duke to move his residence to Hanover where he laid the foundation for the Leineschloss. After his death, he was succeeded by his son Christian Louis.

Children

George married Anne Eleonore, daughter of Louis V, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt, in 1617. They had the following known children:

  • Magdalene of Brunswick-Lüneburg (born and died 9 August 1620)
  • Christian Ludwig, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (1622–1665), Prince of Calenberg 1641-1648, Prince of Lüneburg from 1648-1665.
  • Georg Wilhelm, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (1624–1705), Prince of Calenberg from 1648-1665, Prince of Lüneburg from 1665-1705. He was the father of Sophia Dorothea of Celle, wife of the future King George I of Great Britain.
  • Johann Friedrich, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (1625–1679), Prince of Calenberg from 1665-1679.
  • Sophie Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg (1628–1685), married King Frederick III of Denmark.
  • Dorothea Magdalene of Brunswick-Lüneburg (1629-17 November 1660)
  • Ernst Augustus, Elector of Hanover (1629–1698), Prince of Calenberg from 1679-1698, father of King George I of Great Britain.
  • Anna Marie Eleonore of Brunswick-Lüneburg (20 November 1630 - 13 November 1666)

Ancestors

George's ancestors in three generations
George, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg Father:
William, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Paternal Grandfather:
Ernest I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Paternal Great-grandfather:
Henry the Middle, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Margarete of Saxony
Paternal Grandmother:
Sophia of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Paternal Great-grandfather:
Henry V, Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Ursula of Brandenburg
Mother:
Dorothea of Denmark
Maternal Grandfather:
Christian III of Denmark
Maternal Great-grandfather:
Frederick I of Denmark
Maternal Great-grandmother:
Anna of Brandenburg
Maternal Grandmother:
Dorothea of Saxe-Lauenburg
Maternal Great-grandfather:
Magnus I, Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg
Maternal Great-grandmother:
Catherine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel

Descendants

See List of members of the House of Hanover.

The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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