Geoffrey Edward Harvey Grigson (2 March 1905 – 25 November 1985) was a British poet, writer, editor, critic, anthologist and naturalist. In the 1930s he was editor of the influential magazine New Verse, and went on to produce 13 collections of his own poetry as well as compiling numerous anthologies, among other published works on subjects including art, travel and the countryside. At various times he was involved in teaching, journalism and broadcasting. Fiercely combative, he made many literary enemies for his dogmatic views.
Grigson was born at the vicarage in Pelynt, a village near Looe in Cornwall. His childhood in rural Cornwall had a significant influence on his poetry and writing in later life. As a boy, his love of things of nature (plants, bones and stones) was sparked at the house of family friends at Polperro who were painters and amateur naturalists. He was educated at St John's School, Leatherhead, and at St Edmund Hall, Oxford.
After graduating from Oxford University, Grigson took a job at the London office of the Yorkshire Post, from where he moved on to become literary editor of the Morning Post. He first came to prominence in the 1930s as a poet, then as editor from 1933 to 1939 of the influential poetry magazine New Verse. During this period, he published his own poetry under the pseudonym Martin Boldero.
During World War II he worked in the editorial department of the BBC Monitoring Service at Wood Norton near Evesham, Worcestershire and at Bristol. In 1946 he was one of the founders of the Institute of Contemporary Arts (ICA) in London, together with Roland Penrose, Herbert Read, Peter Watson and Peter Gregory. In 1951 Grigson curated a touring exhibition of drawings and watercolours drawn from the British Council Collection.
Later in life he was a noted critic, reviewer (for the New York Review of Books in particular), and compiler of numerous poetry anthologies. He published 13 collections of poetry, and wrote on travel, on art (notably works on Samuel Palmer, Wyndham Lewis and Henry Moore; he also had a volatile friendship with the painter John Piper), on the English countryside, and on botany, among other subjects. In 1951, he was General Editor of the 13-volume About Britain series of regional guidebooks published by William Collins to coincide with the Festival of Britain. After the repression of the Hungarian Revolution of 1956, at the initiative of Stephen Spender, Grigson joined a group of British writers and artists, who applied for visas to visit dissidents in Hungary. The visas were refused.
Grigson was the castaway featured in an edition of Roy Plomley's Desert Island Discs first broadcast on 16 October 1982. Although he described himself as "a musical ignoramus", his musical choices included works by Joseph Haydn, Benjamin Britten, Henry Purcell, Georges Bizet and Giuseppe Verdi. His luxury item was Pâté de foie gras.
In 1984, he was interviewed by Hermione Lee in an edition of Channel 4's Book Four.
Geoffrey Grigson in his later life lived partly in Wiltshire, England, and partly in Trôo, a village in the Loir-et-Cher département in France, which features in his poetry. He died in 1985 in Broad Town, Wiltshire, and is buried there in Christ Church Churchyard.
Born in 1905, Grigson was the youngest of seven sons of Canon William Shuckforth Grigson (1845–1930), a Norfolk clergyman who had settled in Cornwall as vicar of Pelynt, and Mary Beatrice Boldero, herself the daughter of a clergyman. The inscription on his father's slate headstone in Pelynt Churchyard is the work of Eric Gill, 1931. Five of Grigson's six brothers died serving in the first and second world wars, among them John Grigson. This was one of the highest prices paid by any British family during the conflicts of the 20th century. Grigson's one surviving brother Wilfrid Grigson died in an air accident in 1948, while serving as Commissioner for Refugees in Pakistan.
Geoffrey Grigson's first wife was Frances Franklin Galt (who died in 1937 of tuberculosis). With her, he founded the poetry magazine New Verse. They had one daughter, Caroline (who was married to Colin Banks). Grigson's second marriage was to Berta Emma Kunert, who bore him two children, Anna and Lionel Grigson. Following their divorce, Grigson married Jane Grigson, née McIntire (1928–90). Their daughter is Sophie Grigson.
Honours and legacy
Grigson was awarded the Duff Cooper Prize for his 1971 volume of poetry Discoveries of Bones and Stones.
A collection of tributes entitled Grigson at Eighty, compiled by R. M. Healey (Cambridge: Rampant Lions Press), was published in 1985, the year of his death.
In 2005, to mark the centenary of Grigson's birth a conference was held at St Edmund Hall, Oxford.
- The Arts To-day (John Lane The Bodley Head, 1935), editor.
- Several Observations (Cresset Press, 1939), poems.
- Under the Cliff, and Other Poems (Routledge, 1943).
- Henry Moore (Penguin, 1944).
- Visionary Poems and Passages or The Poet's Eye (Frederick Muller, 1944), editor. Lithographs by John Craxton.
- Wild Flowers in Britain (William Collins, 1944).
- The Isles of Scilly and Other Poems (Routledge, 1946).
- The Mint: a Miscellany of Literature, Art and Criticism (George Routledge & Sons, 1946).
- Before the Romantics: an Anthology of the Enlightenment (Routledge & Sons, 1946), editor.
- Samuel Palmer: the Visionary Years (Kegan Paul, 1947).
- Wild Flowers in Britain (Collins, 1947).
- John Craxton. Paintings and Drawings (Horizon, 1948).
- Poems of John Clare's Madness (Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1949), editor.
- Poetry of the Present: an Anthology of the 'Thirties and After (Phoenix House, 1949), editor.
- The Crest on the Silver: an Autobiography (Cresset Press, 1950).
- The Victorians: an Anthology (Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1950).
- Flowers of the Meadow (Penguin Books, 1950)
- Festival of Britain "About Britain" Guides (Collins, 1951), general editor.
- Thornton's Temple of Flora (Collins, 1951).
- Essays From the Air: 29 Broadcast Talks (1951).
- A Master of Our Time: a Study of Wyndham Lewis (Methuen, 1951).
- Gardenage, or the Plants of Ninhursaga (Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1952).
- Legenda Suecana. Twenty-odd Poems (printed for the author, 1953)
- Freedom of the Parish (Phoenix House, 1954). (About Pelynt, Cornwall.)
- The Englishman's Flora (Phoenix House, 1955).
- The Shell Guide to Flowers of the Countryside (Phoenix House, 1955).
- Painted Caves (Phoenix House, 1957).
- The Shell Guide to Trees and Shrubs (Phoenix House, 1958).
- English Villages in Colour (Batsford, 1958).
- The Three Kings: a Christmas Book of Carols, Poems and Pieces (Gordon Fraser, 1958), editor.
- Looking and Finding (Phoenix House, 1958; revised edition John Baker, 1970).
- The Shell Guide to Wild Life (Phoenix House, 1959).
- A Herbal of All Sorts (Macmillan, 1959).
- The Cherry Tree (Phoenix House, 1959), poems.
- English Excursions (Country Life, 1960).
- Samuel Palmer's Valley of Vision (Phoenix House, 1960).
- The Shell Country Book (Phoenix House, 1962).
- Poets in Their Pride (Dent, 1962).
- Gerard Manley Hopkins (Longmans, Green & Co., 1962).
- Collected Poems 1924–1962 (Phoenix House, 1963).
- O Rare Mankind! (Phoenix House, 1963).
- The Shell Nature Book (Phoenix House, 1964).
- Shapes and Stories [with Jane Grigson] (Readers Union, 1965).
- The Shell Country Alphabet (Michael Joseph, 1966; Particular Books, 2009, with introduction by Sophie Grigson).
- William Allingham's Diary (Centaur Press, 1967).
- A Skull in Salop, and Other Poems (Macmillan, 1967).
- An Ingestion of Ice Cream and Other Poems (Macmillan, 1969).
- Shapes and People – A Book about Pictures (J. Baker, 1969).
- Poems and Poets (Macmillan, 1969).
- Notes from an Odd Country (Macmillan, 1970).
- The Concise Encyclopedia of Modern World Literature (Hawthorn Books, 1970), editor.
- The Faber Book of Popular Verse (Faber & Faber, 1971), editor.
- Discoveries of Bones and Stones (Macmillan Poets; Macmillan, 1971).
- Sad Grave of an Imperial Mongoose (Macmillan, 1973), poems.
- The Faber Book of Love Poems (Faber & Faber, 1973), editor.
- The Faber Book of Popular Verse (Faber & Faber, 1973), editor.
- The First Folio (Poem of the Month Club, 1973).
- The Contrary View: Glimpses of Fudge and Gold (Macmillan, 1974).
- A Dictionary of English Plant Names (and some products of plants) (Allen Lane, 1974).
- Angles and Circles and Other Poems (Gollancz, 1974).
- Britain Observed: the Landscape Through Artists' Eyes (1975).
- The Penguin Book of Ballads (Penguin, 1975), editor.
- The Faber Book of Epigrams and Epitaphs (1977), editor.
- The Goddess of Love: The Birth, Triumph, Death and Return of Aphrodite (Quartet, 1978).
- The Faber Book of Epigrams and Epitaphs (Faber & Faber, 1978).
- The Faber Book of Nonsense Verse: With a Sprinkling of Nonsense Prose (Faber & Faber, 1979) editor.
- The Oxford Book of Satirical Verse (Oxford University Press, 1980), editor.
- The Penguin Book of Unrespectable Verse (Penguin, 1980), editor.
- The Faber Book of Poems and Places (Faber & Faber, 1980), editor.
- History of Him (Secker & Warburg, 1980), poems.
- Blessings, Kicks and Curses: a critical collection (Allison & Busby, 1982).
- Collected Poems 1963–1980 (Allison & Busby, 1982).
- The Private Art: a Poetry Notebook (Allison & Busby, 1982).
- The Cornish Dancer and Other Poems (Secker & Warburg, 1982).
- Geoffrey Grigson's Countryside (Ebury Press, 1982).
- Recollections, Mainly of Writers and Artists (Hogarth Press, 1984).
- The English Year from Diaries and Letters (Oxford Paperbacks, 1984).
- The Faber Book of Reflective Verse (Faber & Faber, 1984), editor.
- Country Writings (Century, 1984).
- Montaigne's Tower and Other Poems (Secker & Warburg, 1984).
- Persephone's Flowers and Other Poems (David & Charles, 1986).
New Verse: An Anthology (1942 edition)
Compiled by Grigson. Poets included were:
C. Day-Lewis – Bernard Spencer – Philip O'Connor – Louis MacNeice – George Barker – Kathleen Raine – Frederic Prokosch – A. J. Young – Archibald MacLeish – Norman Cameron – Stephen Spender – Geoffrey Taylor – Dylan Thomas – A. J. M. Smith – W. H. Auden – Pablo Neruda – Geoffrey Grigson – Hugh Chisholm – Kenneth Allott – Alberto Giacometti – Paul Éluard – Bernard Gutteridge – Ruthven Todd – Gavin Ewart – Charles Madge
Poetry of the Present (1949)
Drummond Allison – Kenneth Allott – W. H. Auden – George Barker – John Bayliss – John Betjeman – Norman Cameron – Cecil Day-Lewis – William Empson – G. S. Fraser – Christopher Fry – David Gascoyne – Geoffrey Grigson – John Hewitt – Esmé Hooton – Glyn Jones – Sidney Keyes – James Kirkup – Laurie Lee – Louis MacNeice – Charles Madge – Hubert Nicholson – Norman Nicholson – Clere Parsons – Kathleen Raine – W. R. Rodgers – E. J. Scovell – John Short – Bernard Spencer – Stephen Spender – Derek Stanford – Dylan Thomas – Evan Thomas – Ruthven Todd – Rex Warner – Vernon Watkins