Gaston Ragueneau (Adolphe Gaston Ragueneau; October 10, 1881 in Lyon – July 14, 1978) was a French athlete. He competed at the 1900 Summer Olympics in Paris and the 1908 Summer Olympics in London.
In 1900, Ragueneau won a silver medal with the French team in the 5000 metre team race. He finished fourth of the ten men in the race, behind two British runners and teammate Henri Deloge, on the way to a 26-29 loss to the British team.
In the 1908 Olympics, Ragueneau competed in the 1500 metres but did not finish his initial semifinal heat and did not advance to the final.