Gabriel (von) Hackl (24 March 1843 in Marburg an der Drau, Lower Styria, Austrian Empire – 5 June 1926 in Munich) was a German historicist painter.
Life and work
A surgeon's son, he attended the gymnasium in his home town and to the city school in Graz. To fulfil his father's wishes he then studied anatomry, archaeology and drawing at the University of Vienna. In 1865 he moved to Munich, at whose Akademie der Bildenden Künste he studied under Alexander Wagner and Carl Theodor von Piloty. He then took a place at the Münchner Kunstgewerbeschule and married Sophie Schmid.
In 1878 he became a professor and lecturer in drawing at the Münchner Kunstakademie, holding the position until 1919. His colleagues there included Franz von Stuck and Wilhelm von Diez. He was a member of the Luitpold-Gruppe, founded in 1896 as a sub-division of the Münchner Künstlergenossenschaft - the Luitpold-Gruppe also included Hugo Bürgel (its president), Walter Firle, Fritz Baer, Karl Marr, Johann Sperl and Wilhelm Leibl. Several artists trained by Hackl found success, though he was had no lasting success with his own work, which still occasionally appears at auction.
- 1880: Pius Ferdinand Messerschmitt
- 1884: Albin Egger-Lienz
- 1885: Max Slevogt
- 1887: Richard Riemerschmid
- 1888: Leo Putz
- 1889: Wilhelm Thöny
- 1890: Franz Marc
- 1891: Hans von Hayek
- 1897: Hans Purrmann
- 1905: Otto Obermeier
- 1914: Henry Ives Cobb, Jr
Works in public collections
- Museum Georg Schäfer, Schweinfurt
- Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna
- Neue Pinakothek, Munich
- Steiermärkisches Landesmuseum Joanneum, Graz
- 1891: Jahresausstellung der Genossenschaft der Bildenden Künstler Wiens und der Gesellschaft der Freunde Junger Kunst, Baden-Baden
- 2006: Zur Natur des Menschen. Genremalerei des 19. und frühen 20. Jahrhunderts, Neue Galerie am Landesmuseum Joanneum, Graz
- Gabriel von Hackl. In: Ulrich Thieme, Felix Becker u. a.: Allgemeines Lexikon der Bildenden Künstler von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart. Band 15, E. A. Seemann, Leipzig 1922, S. 416