|A.K.A.||Friederike Masareck, Friederika Massaryk, Friederike Massary|
|Was||Actor Singer Opera singer Film actor Stage actor|
|Type||Film, Television, Stage and Radio Music|
|Birth||21 March 1882, Vienna|
|Death||30 January 1969, Beverly Hills (aged 86 years)|
Fritzi Massary (31 March 1882 – 30 January 1969) was an Austrian-American soprano singer and actress.
Early life and career
Emigration to England and America
Massary was of Jewish familial extraction, and had converted to the Protestant religion in 1903. In late 1932 she departed Germany due to the rising persecution of the Jewish population by the Nazis, shortly before they seized dictatorial power in a paramilitary revolution and declared a III Reich. Traveling through Austria and Switzerland she went to London, where she was befriended by Noël Coward and starred in his theatrical musical Operette in 1938.
Beginning in 1952, she regularly spent summers in Germany. She continued to reside in Beverly Hills until her death in Los Angeles on 30 January 1969.
Massary was married twice, first to an eye doctor Bernhard Pollack. With Karl-Kuno Rollo Graf von Coudenhove (1887–1940), she had her only child, Elisabeth Maria Karl (called Liesl) (1903–1979). Liesl later married the author Bruno Frank. Though Coudenhove was Liesl's father, Massary was never married to him. Massary's second marriage, in 1917, was to the Austrian actor Max Pallenberg (1877–1934), who died in a plane crash in Karlsbad in 1934.