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Fritz Pregl

Fritz Pregl

Slovene-Austrian Nobel prize laureate and scientist
Fritz Pregl
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro Slovene-Austrian Nobel prize laureate and scientist
A.K.A. Friderik Pregl, Mihael Raimund
Was Chemist Physician Professor Pharmacist Scientist Physicist
From Austria Austria-Hungary Serbia Croatia
Type Academia Healthcare Science
Gender male
Birth 3 September 1869, Ljubljana, Slovenia
Death 13 December 1930, Graz, Austria (aged 61 years)
Star sign VirgoVirgo
The details

Biography

Fritz Pregl (in Slovene also Friderik Pregl; 3 September 1869 – 13 December 1930), was a Slovenian and Austrian chemist and physician from a mixed Slovene-German-speaking background. He won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1923 for making important contributions to quantitative organic microanalysis, one of which was the improvement of the combustion train technique for elemental analysis.

Biography

Pregl was born in Ljubljana within Austria-Hungary to a Slovene-speaking father and German-speaking mother. He died in Graz, Austria in 1930.

Pregl started his career as chemist after he studied medicine at the University of Graz. With his focus on physiology and especially chemical physiology, he suffered from the limitations of quantitative organic microanalysis. The small quantities of substances he obtained during the research of bile acid made it necessary to improve the process of elemental analysis by reducing the necessary components. At the end of his research, he had lowered the minimal amount of substance necessary for the analysis process by a factor of 50. He invited chemists to learn his method of elemental analysis, so that the method was soon widely accepted.

Commemoration

In 1950, the department of the University of Graz where Fritz Pregl had worked was named the Institute of Medical Chemistry and Pregl Laboratory. Streets in Graz, Innsbruck, Vienna and Klagenfurt were named after him. In Slovenia, Pregl Awards have been bestowed annually since 2007 by the National Institute of Chemistry for the research work and for outstanding doctorates. Slovenian pupils are conferred Pregl Recognition Awards, whereas secondary school students are conferred Pregl Citations for excellent results in national competitions in chemistry. A square in Ljubljana is named after Pregl. The Fritz Pregl Prize has been awarded annually since 1931 in chemistry by the Austrian Academy of Sciences from the funds left at its disposal by Pregl.

The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 09 Mar 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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Reference sources
References
http://www.koz.si/megakviz/Data/pregl.pdf
https://web.archive.org/web/20050907005917/http://vestnik.szd.si/st7-8/399-404.pdf
http://vestnik.szd.si/st7-8/399-404.pdf
//doi.org/10.1007%2FBF01460581
http://nobelprize.org/chemistry/laureates/1923/pregl-bio.html
https://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb155243091
https://data.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb155243091
http://cantic.bnc.cat/registres/CUCId/a10998196
https://d-nb.info/gnd/11890986X
http://isni.org/isni/0000000081040485
https://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n84800427
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