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Fritz Pfleumer

Fritz Pfleumer German-Austrian inventor and engineer

German-Austrian inventor and engineer
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro German-Austrian inventor and engineer
A.K.A. Hermann Pfleumer
Was Inventor Engineer
From Germany Austria
Type Business Engineering
Gender male
Birth 20 March 1881, Salzburg, Austrian Empire
Death 3 September 1945, Radebeul, Germany (aged 64 years)
Star sign PiscesPisces
The details
Biography

Fritz Pfleumer (20 March 1881 in Salzburg – 29 August 1945 in Radebeul) was a German-Austrian engineer who invented magnetic tape for recording sound.

Biography

Fritz was born as the son of Robert and Minna, née Hünich. His father Robert (1848–1934) was born in Greiz, and his mother Minna (1846–1932) was born in Freiberg. Fritz had five siblings – Mimi, Hans, Hermann, Otto, and Mizi. Hans emigrated to the US.

Fritz Pfleumer, with his magnetic tape machine (1931)

Pfleumer developed a process for putting metal stripes on cigarette papers and reasoned that he could similarly coat a magnetic stripe to be used as an alternative to wire recording.

In 1927, after experimenting with various materials, Pfleumer used very thin paper that he coated with iron oxide powder using lacquer as glue. He received a patent in 1928.

On 1 December 1932 Pfleumer granted AEG the right to use his invention when building the world's first practical tape recorder, called Magnetophon K1. It was first demonstrated at the IFA in 1935.

Fritz Pfleumer
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Reference sources
References
https://books.google.com/books?id=7WrCSCqMk5gC&pg=PA48&dq=%22Fritz+Pfleumer%22+tape&lr=&as_brr=0&ei=iJ0WSI2UFpK2sgOk7bWXCA&sig=ip1yqhaVfcSOacllUhcu24RLjXA
https://web.archive.org/web/20110719021350/http://icem.folkwang-hochschule.de/daten/Diplomarbeiten/seidl/2_Klangaufzeichnung.pdf
http://icem.folkwang-hochschule.de/daten/Diplomarbeiten/seidl/2_Klangaufzeichnung.pdf
https://web.archive.org/web/20051229075812/http://history.sandiego.edu/gen/recording/tape.html
http://history.sandiego.edu/gen/recording/tape.html
http://videopreservation.conservation-us.org/museum/
https://web.archive.org/web/20160304041350/http://design.osu.edu/carlson/history/ACCAD-overview/lesson1.html
https://web.archive.org/web/20120503222708/http://homepage.mac.com/oldtownman/recording/magnetic4.html
https://web.archive.org/web/20071218202201/http://www.tonaufzeichnung.de/personen/fritz-pfleumer.shtml
https://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb16945052t
https://data.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb16945052t
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