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Fritz Graebner

Fritz Graebner German geographer and ethnologist

German geographer and ethnologist
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro German geographer and ethnologist
A.K.A. Graebner, Robert Fritz Graebner
Was Geographer Ethnologist
From Germany
Type Science Social science
Gender male
Birth 1877, Berlin, Margraviate of Brandenburg
Death 1934, Berlin, Margraviate of Brandenburg (aged 57 years)
The details
Biography

Robert Fritz Graebner (4 March 1877, Berlin – 13 July 1934, Berlin) was a German geographer and ethnologist best known for his development of the theory of Kulturkreis, or culture circle. He was the first theoretician of the Vienna School of Ethnology.

Graebner advanced a theory of diffusion of culture (Kulturkreise) which became the basis of a culture-historical approach to ethnology. His theories had influence for a time in the field of ethnology, and were also propounded by Franz Boas, Clark Wissler and Paul Kirchhoff. He induced the concept of "Primeval culture" He was in Australia attending an anthropological conference when World War I broke out in 1914, and due to accusations of having hidden certain sensitive documents he was not allowed to leave Australia for the duration of the war.

Publications

  • Methode der Ethnologie (Method of Ethnology), 1911
  • Das Weltbild der Primitiven (The World View of the Primitives), 1924
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Reference sources
References
//www.worldcat.org/oclc/52288643
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2014-08-05/dr-graebner-fritz-placed-in-internment-camp-in-sydney/5646852
http://catalogo.bne.es/uhtbin/authoritybrowse.cgi?action=display&authority_id=XX1294327
https://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb162080577
https://data.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb162080577
https://d-nb.info/gnd/117551163
http://isni.org/isni/000000010965640X
https://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n88607494
https://aleph.nkp.cz/F/?func=find-c&local_base=aut&ccl_term=ica=jn20000602241&CON_LNG=ENG
http://data.bibliotheken.nl/id/thes/p082588406
https://snaccooperative.org/ark:/99166/w6nc7z50
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