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Friedrich Paulsen

Friedrich Paulsen

German philosopher and educator
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro German philosopher and educator
A.K.A. Paulsen
Countries Germany
Occupations Philosopher University teacher
Gender male
Birth 16 July 1846 (Langenhorn)
Death 14 August 1908 (Steglitz)
Star sign Cancer
Education University of Bonn
The details
Biography

Friedrich Paulsen (German: [ˈpaʊlzən]; July 16, 1846 – August 14, 1908) was a German Neo-Kantian philosopher and educator.

Biography

He was born at Langenhorn (Schleswig) and educated at Erlangen, Bonn and Berlin. He wrote his doctoral thesis under Friedrich Adolf Trendelenburg at Berlin in 1871, he habilitated there in 1875, and he became extraordinary professor of philosophy and pedagogy there in 1878. In 1896 he succeeded Eduard Zeller as professor of moral philosophy at Berlin.

He was the greatest of the pupils of Gustav Theodor Fechner, to whose doctrine of panpsychism he gave great prominence by his Einleitung in die Philosophie (1892; 7th ed., 1900; Eng. trans., 1895). He went, however, considerably beyond Fechner in attempting to give an epistemological account of the knowledge of the psychophysical. Admitting Kant's hypothesis that by inner sense we are conscious of mental states only, he holds that this consciousness constitutes a knowledge of the thing-in-itself which Kant denies. Soul is, therefore, a practical reality which Paulsen, with Schopenhauer, regards as known by the act of will. But this will is neither rational desire, unconscious irrational will, nor conscious intelligent will, but an instinct, a will to live (Zielstrebigkeit), often subconscious, pursuing ends, indeed, but without reasoning as to means. This conception of will, though consistent and convenient to the main thesis, must be rigidly distinguished from the ordinary significance of will, i.e. rational desire.

Paulsen is almost better known for his educational writings than as a pure philosopher, including his German Education, Past and Present (Eng. trans., by I. Lorenz, 1907).

Works

Among his other works are:

  • Versuch einer Entwickelunggeschichte der Kantischen Erkenntnistheorie (Leipzig, 1875)
  • Im. Kant (1898, 1899)
  • "Gründung, Organisation und Lebensordnungen der deutschen Universitäten im Mittelalter". Sybels Histor. Zeitschrift. xlv. 1881.
  • Geschichte des gelehrten Unterrichts auf den deutschen Schulen und Universitäten (1885, 1896)
  • System der Ethik (1889, 1899; Eng. trans. [partial] 1899)
  • Das Realgymnasium u. d. humanist. Bildung (1889)
  • Kant d. Philos. d. Protestantismus (1899)
  • Schopenhauer, Hamlet u. Mephistopheles (1900)
  • Philosophia militans (1900, 1901)
  • Parteipolitik u. Moral (1900)
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References
http://catalogo.bne.es/uhtbin/authoritybrowse.cgi?action=display&authority_id=XX1391320
http://data.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb12025474q
http://isni.org/isni/000000010917008X
http://socialarchive.iath.virginia.edu/ark:/99166/w6v131mj
http://www.fps-niebuell.de/subpages/friedrichpaulsen.htm
http://www.genealogy.ams.org/id.php?id=56404
https://aleph.nkp.cz/F/?func=find-c&local_base=aut&ccl_term=ica=skuk0001060&CON_LNG=ENG
https://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb12025474q
https://d-nb.info/gnd/118739603
https://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n80138046
https://id.ndl.go.jp/auth/ndlna/00550873
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