Friedrich Heer (10 April 1916 – 18 September 1983) was an Austrian historian born in Vienna.
Heer received a PhD at the University in Vienna in 1938. Even as a student, he came into conflict with pan-German historians as a staunch opponent of National Socialism.
He was arrested for the first time on 11 March 1938 by the Austrian Nazis. He founded a small Catholic resistance group and sought to amalgamate into one organised band the Christians, communists and trade unionists against the Nazis. As a soldier, he later came into contact with the resistance group "Soldatenrat".
From 1946 to 1961, he was the editor of the weekly magazine Die Furche [The Furrow], and in 1961, he was appointed chief literacy to the Vienna Burgtheater. He taught at the University of Vienna. Most of his books have been translated into several languages.
In 1967, he became the first winner of the Martin Buber-Franz Rosenzweig Medal, awarded by a group of forty-four German societies for Christian and Jewish understanding, for his achievement with God's First Love.
He died in Vienna.
Decorations and awards
- 1949: City of Vienna Prize for Humanities
- 1968: Award of the German Coordinating Council of Societies for Christian-Jewish Cooperation first ever "Buber Rosenzweig Medal" (with the Protestant theologian Friedrich-Wilhelm Marquardt) (Presentation: March 17, 1968)
- 1972: Grand Austrian State Prize (Presentation: 21 December 1972)
- 1976: Medal of the capital Vienna in gold for important journalistic and academic achievements (council decision of 21 May 1976)
- 1977: Austrian Cross of Honour for Science and Art, 1st class (awarded May 4, 1977)
- 1981: Donauland Nonfiction Book Award
- 1947: Die Stunde des Christen
- 1949: Gespräch der Feinde
- 1949: Aufgang Europas (2 Bände)
- 1950: Der achte Tag (Roman, erschienen unter dem Pseudonym „Hermann Gohde“)
- 1952: Die Tragödie des Heiligen Reiches
- 1953: Europäische Geistesgeschichte
- 1953: Grundlagen der europäischen Demokratie der Neuzeit
- 1960: Die dritte Kraft
- 1961: Mittelalter - von 1100 bis 1350 in Kindlers Kulturgeschichte
- 1964: Europa – Mutter der Revolutionen (The Intellectual History of Europe, Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1966)
- 1967: Das Heilige Römische Reich (The Holy Roman Empire, abridged translation reprinted by Phoenix Press, 2002: ISBN 1-84212-600-8).
- 1967: Gottes erste Liebe. Die Juden im Spannungsfeld der Geschichte. ISBN 3-548-34329-5 (God's First Love, 1970)
- 1968: Der Glaube des Adolf Hitler. Anatomie einer politischen Religiosität ISBN 3-548-34598-0
- 1978: Warum gibt es kein Geistesleben in Deutschland? ISBN 3-471-17830-6
- 1981: Der König und die Kaiserin (Gegenüberstellung Friedrich II. und Maria Theresia)
- 1981: Der Kampf um die österreichische Identität