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Freimut Börngen

Freimut Börngen German astronomer

German astronomer
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro German astronomer
Known for discoverer of asteroids
A.K.A. Freimut Borngen
Is Astronomer
From Germany
Type Science
Gender male
Birth 17 October 1930, Halle (Saale), Germany
Age: 89 years
Star sign LibraLibra
The details
Biography
Minor planets discovered: 538 
see § List of discovered minor planets

Freimut Börngen (born 17 October 1930) is a German astronomer and a prolific discoverer of minor planets. A few sources give his first name wrongly as "Freimuth". The Minor Planet Center credits him as F. Borngen.

He has studied galaxies with the Schmidt telescope at the Karl Schwarzschild Observatory in Tautenburg, Germany. In 1995 he retired, but continues to work as a freelancer for the observatory. As a by-product of his work, he has discovered numerous asteroids (519, as of July 2006). The research on asteroids had to be done in his spare time, as the search for small objects was not considered prestigious enough by the GDR research managers. During the GDR regime, Börngen restricted himself to politically neutral names for his asteroids, such as topics related to Thuringia or famous scientists and composers. Examples include 2424 Tautenburg, 3181 Ahnert, 3245 Jensch, or 3941 Haydn. After the German reunification, he chose systematically historical, cultural, scientific and geographical namings, and at times honored amateur astronomers. Other names include references to resistance fighters against the Nazi suppression, or document a religious interest.

Freimut Börngen has achieved great reputation in the international scientific community for his human qualities and the well-substantiated choice of names. In 2006, he was awarded the Bundesverdienstkreuz am Bande (Cross of Merit on ribbon) by German Federal President Horst Köhler.

The main-belt asteroid 3859 Börngen, discovered by astronomer Edward Bowell at the U.S. Anderson Mesa Station in 1987, was named in his honor. The naming and its citation was proposed and written by his college Lutz Schmadel, and published on 20 February 1989 (M.P.C. 14207).

List of discovered minor planets

Freimut Börngen is credited by the Minor Planet Center with the discovery of 538 numbered minor planets made between 1961 and 1995.

2424 Tautenburg 27 October 1973
2861 Lambrecht 3 November 1981
3181 Ahnert 8 March 1964
3245 Jensch 27 October 1973
3338 Richter 28 October 1973
3499 Hoppe 3 November 1981
3539 Weimar 11 April 1967
3540 Protesilaos 27 October 1973
3802 Dornburg 7 August 1986
3808 Tempel 24 March 1982
3826 Handel 27 October 1973
3917 Franz Schubert 15 February 1961
3941 Haydn 27 October 1973
3943 Silbermann 3 September 1981
3954 Mendelssohn 24 April 1987
3955 Bruckner 9 September 1988
3975 Verdi 19 October 1982
3992 Wagner 29 September 1987
4003 Schumann 8 March 1964
4076 Dörffel 19 October 1982
4098 Thraen 26 November 1987
4117 Wilke 24 September 1982
4134 Schütz 15 February 1961
4246 Telemann 24 September 1982
4330 Vivaldi 19 October 1982
4347 Reger 13 August 1988
4382 Stravinsky 29 November 1989
4406 Mahler 22 December 1987
4559 Strauss 11 January 1989
4579 Puccini 11 January 1989
4727 Ravel 24 October 1979
4734 Rameau 19 October 1982
4802 Khatchaturian 23 October 1989
4850 Palestrina 27 October 1973
4872 Grieg 25 December 1989
4889 Praetorius 19 October 1982
4972 Pachelbel 23 October 1989
5004 Bruch 8 September 1988
5039 Rosenkavalier 11 April 1967
5063 Monteverdi 2 February 1989
5157 Hindemith 27 October 1973
5177 Hugowolf 10 January 1989
5210 Saint-Saëns 7 March 1989
5224 Abbe 21 February 1982
5312 Schott 3 November 1981
5375 Siedentopf 11 January 1989
5409 Saale 30 September 1962
5478 Wartburg 23 October 1989
5509 Rennsteig 8 September 1988
5616 Vogtland 29 September 1987
5628 Preussen 13 September 1991
5689 Rhön 9 September 1991
5792 Unstrut 18 January 1964
5816 Potsdam 11 January 1989
5820 Babelsberg 23 October 1989
5835 Mainfranken 21 September 1992
5846 Hessen 11 January 1989
5866 Sachsen 13 August 1988
5904 Württemberg 10 January 1989
6044 Hammer-Purgstall 13 September 1991
6068 Brandenburg 10 October 1990
6070 Rheinland 10 December 1991
6099 Saarland 30 October 1991
6120 Anhalt 21 August 1987
6124 Mecklenburg 29 September 1987
6157 Prey 9 September 1991
6209 Schwaben 12 October 1990
6293 Oberpfalz 26 November 1987
6305 Helgoland 6 April 1989
6320 Bremen 15 January 1991
6332 Vorarlberg 30 March 1992
6396 Schleswig 15 January 1991
6402 Holstein 9 April 1991
6439 Tirol 13 February 1988
6442 Salzburg 8 September 1988
6451 Kärnten 9 April 1991
6457 Kremsmünster 2 September 1992
6482 Steiermark 10 January 1989
6488 Drebach 10 April 1991
6563 Steinheim 11 December 1991
6653 Feininger 10 December 1991
6717 Antal 10 October 1990
6718 Beiglböck 14 October 1990
6776 Dix 6 April 1989
6864 Starkenburg 12 September 1991
6966 Vietoris 13 September 1991
7054 Brehm 6 April 1989
7117 Claudius 14 February 1988
7121 Busch 10 January 1989
7127 Stifter 9 September 1991
7130 Klepper 30 April 1992
7256 Bonhoeffer 11 November 1993
7280 Bergengruen 8 September 1988
7414 Bosch 13 October 1990
7571 Weisse Rose 7 March 1989
7580 Schwabhausen 13 October 1990
7583 Rosegger 17 January 1991
7584 Ossietzky 9 April 1991
7586 Bismarck 13 September 1991
7655 Adamries 28 December 1991
7698 Schweitzer 11 January 1989
7700 Rote Kapelle 13 October 1990
7767 Tomatic 13 September 1991
7873 Böll 15 January 1991
7945 Kreisau 13 September 1991
8019 Karachkina 14 October 1990
8020 Erzgebirge 14 October 1990
8089 Yukar 13 October 1990
8108 Wieland 30 January 1995
8130 Seeberg 27 February 1976
8158 Herder 23 October 1989
8171 Stauffenberg 5 September 1991
8268 Goerdeler 29 September 1987
8282 Delp 10 September 1991
8284 Cranach 8 October 1991
8381 Hauptmann 21 September 1992
8382 Mann 23 September 1992
8501 Wachholz 13 October 1990
8502 Bauhaus 14 October 1990
8661 Ratzinger 14 October 1990
8666 Reuter 9 April 1991
8667 Fontane 9 April 1991
8684 Reichwein 30 March 1992
8827 Kollwitz 13 August 1988
8831 Brändström 2 February 1989
8847 Huch 12 October 1990
8853 Gerdlehmann 9 April 1991
8860 Rohloff 5 October 1991
8861 Jenskandler 3 October 1991
9052 Uhland 30 October 1991
9187 Walterkröll 12 September 1991
9189 Hölderlin 10 September 1991
9204 Mörike 4 August 1994
9307 Regiomontanus 21 August 1987
9315 Weigel 13 August 1988
9322 Lindenau 10 January 1989
9336 Altenburg 15 January 1991
9344 Klopstock 12 September 1991
9351 Neumayer 2 October 1991
9413 Eichendorff 21 September 1995
9577 Gropius 2 February 1989
9610 Vischer 2 September 1992
9645 Grünewald 5 January 1995
9742 Worpswede 26 November 1987
9761 Krautter 13 September 1991
9762 Hermannhesse 13 September 1991
9764 Morgenstern 30 October 1991
9833 Rilke 21 February 1982
9854 Karlheinz 15 January 1991
9861 Jahreiss 9 September 1991
9863 Reichardt 13 September 1991
9872 Solf 27 February 1992
9956 Castellaz 5 October 1991
9957 Raffaellosanti 6 October 1991
9962 Pfau 28 December 1991
10055 Silcher 22 December 1987
10067 Bertuch 11 January 1989
10095 Carlloewe 9 September 1991
10100 Bürgel 10 December 1991
10114 Greifswald 4 September 1992
10116 Robertfranz 21 September 1992
10331 Peterbluhm 9 April 1991
10340 Jostjahn 10 September 1991
10348 Poelchau 29 April 1992
10543 Klee 27 February 1992
10740 Fallersleben 8 September 1988
10745 Arnstadt 11 January 1989
10746 Mühlhausen 10 February 1989
10747 Köthen 1 February 1989
10749 Musäus 6 April 1989
10753 van de Velde 28 November 1989
10761 Lyubimets 12 October 1990
10762 von Laue 12 October 1990
10763 Hlawka 12 October 1990
10764 Rübezahl 12 October 1990
10774 Eisenach 15 January 1991
10775 Leipzig 15 January 1991
10778 Marcks 9 April 1991
10781 Ritter 6 August 1991
10782 Hittmair 12 September 1991
10786 Robertmayer 7 October 1991
10787 Ottoburkard 4 October 1991
10801 Lüneburg 23 September 1992
10825 Augusthermann 18 September 1993
10835 Fröbel 12 November 1993
10839 Hufeland 3 April 1994
10847 Koch 5 January 1995
10856 Bechstein 4 March 1995
10857 Blüthner 5 March 1995
11037 Distler 2 February 1989
11043 Pepping 25 December 1989
11050 Messiaën 13 October 1990
11061 Lagerlöf 10 September 1991
11075 Dönhoff 23 September 1992
11313 Kügelgen 3 April 1994
11485 Zinzendorf 8 September 1988
11496 Grass 10 January 1989
11508 Stolte 12 October 1990
11537 Guericke 29 April 1992
11547 Griesser 31 October 1992
11573 Helmholtz 20 September 1993
11588 Gottfriedkeller 28 October 1994
11847 Winckelmann 20 January 1988
11853 Runge 7 September 1988
11854 Ludwigrichter 8 September 1988
11855 Preller 8 September 1988
11886 Kraske 10 October 1990
11887 Echemmon 14 October 1990
11899 Weill 9 April 1991
11916 Wiesloch 24 September 1992
12182 Storm 27 October 1973
12240 Droste-Hülshoff 13 August 1988
12241 Lefort 13 August 1988
12244 Werfel 8 September 1988
12298 Brecht 6 August 1991
12318 Kästner 30 April 1992
12323 Haeckel 4 September 1992
12327 Terbrüggen 21 September 1992
12329 Liebermann 23 September 1992
12350 Feuchtwanger 23 April 1993
12401 Tucholsky 21 July 1995
12659 Schlegel 27 October 1973
12661 Schelling 27 February 1976
12694 Schleiermacher 7 March 1989
12729 Berger 13 September 1991
12782 Mauersberger 5 March 1995
13024 Conradferdinand 11 January 1989
13055 Kreppein 14 October 1990
13084 Virchow 2 April 1992
13086 Sauerbruch 30 April 1992
13092 Schrödinger 24 September 1992
13093 Wolfgangpauli 21 September 1992
13149 Heisenberg 4 March 1995
13478 Fraunhofer 27 February 1976
13530 Ninnemann 9 September 1991
13531 Weizsäcker 13 September 1991
13559 Werth 4 September 1992
13610 Lilienthal 5 October 1994
13954 Born 13 October 1990
13977 Frisch 29 April 1992
14014 Münchhausen 14 January 1994
14025 Fallada 2 September 1994
14041 Dürrenmatt 21 September 1995
14365 Jeanpaul 8 September 1988
14366 Wilhelmraabe 8 September 1988
14367 Hippokrates 8 September 1988
14372 Paulgerhardt 9 January 1989
14412 Wolflojewski 9 September 1991
14413 Geiger 5 September 1991
14836 Maxfrisch 14 February 1988
14845 Hegel 3 November 1988
14871 Pyramus 13 October 1990
14940 Freiligrath 4 March 1995
15262 Abderhalden 12 October 1990
15263 Erwingroten 13 October 1990
15264 Delbrück 11 October 1990
15265 Ernsting 12 October 1990
15282 Franzmarc 13 September 1991
15301 Marutesser 21 September 1992
15342 Assisi 3 April 1994
15346 Bonifatius 2 September 1994
15710 Böcklin 11 January 1989
15724 Zille 12 October 1990
15727 Ianmorison 10 October 1990
15728 Karlmay 11 October 1990
15761 Schumi 24 September 1992
15762 Rühmann 21 September 1992
15808 Zelter 3 April 1994
15811 Nüsslein-Volhard 10 July 1994
16355 Buber 29 October 1975
16398 Hummel 24 September 1982
16418 Lortzing 29 September 1987
16438 Knöfel 11 January 1989
16441 Kirchner 7 March 1989
16459 Barth 28 November 1989
16505 Sulzer 12 October 1990
16522 Tell 15 January 1991
16524 Hausmann 17 January 1991
16544 Hochlehnert 9 September 1991
16590 Brunowalter 21 September 1992
16705 Reinhardt 4 March 1995
16714 Arndt 21 September 1995
17458 Dick 13 October 1990
17459 Andreashofer 13 October 1990
17460 Mang 10 October 1990
17484 Ganghofer 13 September 1991
17486 Hodler 10 September 1991
17488 Mantl 2 October 1991
17489 Trenker 2 October 1991
17492 Hippasos 10 December 1991
17496 Augustinus 29 February 1992
17579 Lewkopelew 5 October 1994
17597 Stefanzweig 4 March 1995
18286 Kneipp 27 October 1973
18359 Jakobstaude 13 October 1990
18360 Sachs 10 October 1990
18395 Schmiedmayer 21 September 1992
18396 Nellysachs 21 September 1992
18398 Bregenz 23 September 1992
18430 Balzac 14 January 1994
18458 Caesar 5 March 1995
19126 Ottohahn 22 August 1987
19136 Strassmann 10 January 1989
19139 Apian 6 April 1989
19162 Wambsganss 10 October 1990
19178 Walterbothe 9 September 1991
19182 Pitz 7 October 1991
19183 Amati 5 October 1991
19185 Guarneri 4 October 1991
19189 Stradivari 28 December 1991
19208 Starrfield 2 September 1992
19263 Lavater 21 July 1995
19914 Klagenfurt 27 October 1973
19970 Johannpeter 8 September 1988
19992 Schönbein 10 October 1990
19993 Gunterseeber 10 October 1990
20006 Albertus Magnus 11 April 1991
20012 Ranke 13 September 1991
20016 Rietschel 8 October 1991
20074 Laskerschueler 14 January 1994
21010 Kishon 13 August 1988
21050 Beck 10 October 1990
21059 Penderecki 9 April 1991
21074 Rügen 12 September 1991
21075 Heussinger 12 September 1991
21076 Kokoschka 12 September 1991
21109 Sünkel 4 September 1992
21110 Karlvalentin 4 September 1992
21118 Hezimmermann 24 September 1992
21125 Orff 30 December 1992
22291 Heitifer 2 February 1989
22322 Bodensee 13 September 1991
22348 Schmeidler 24 September 1992
22354 Sposetti 31 October 1992
22369 Klinger 18 September 1993
23472 Rolfriekher 10 October 1990
23473 Voss 11 October 1990
23490 Monikohl 12 September 1991
23514 Schneider 2 September 1992
23520 Ludwigbechstein 23 September 1992
23578 Baedeker 22 February 1995
24665 Tolerantia 8 September 1988
24666 Miesvanrohe 8 September 1988
24671 Frankmartin 10 January 1989
24699 Schwekendiek 13 October 1990
24711 Chamisso 6 August 1991
24712 Boltzmann 12 September 1991
24713 Ekrutt 12 September 1991
24748 Nernst 26 September 1992
24749 Grebel 24 September 1992
24750 Ohm 24 September 1992
24751 Kroemer 21 September 1992
26119 Duden 7 October 1991
26821 Baehr 17 March 1988
26842 Hefele 2 October 1991
27710 Henseling 7 September 1988
27712 Coudray 3 November 1988
27758 Michelson 12 September 1991
27764 von Flüe 10 September 1991
27765 Brockhaus 10 September 1991
27845 Josephmeyer 5 October 1994
27846 Honegger 5 October 1994
27864 Antongraff 5 March 1995
29185 Reich 13 October 1990
29197 Gleim 15 January 1991
29203 Schnitger 9 April 1991
29204 Ladegast 11 April 1991
29208 Halorentz 9 September 1991
29212 Zeeman 10 September 1991
29214 Apitzsch 2 October 1991
29227 Wegener 29 February 1992
29246 Clausius 2 September 1992
29250 Helmutmoritz 24 September 1992
29329 Knobelsdorff 5 October 1994
30778 Döblin 29 September 1987
30788 Angekauffmann 8 September 1988
30798 Graubünden 2 February 1989
30826 Coulomb 10 October 1990
30827 Lautenschläger 10 October 1990
30828 Bethe 12 October 1990
30829 Wolfwacker 10 October 1990
30830 Jahn 14 October 1990
30836 Schnittke 15 January 1991
30837 Steinheil 15 January 1991
30847 Lampert 13 September 1991
30850 Vonsiemens 7 October 1991
30851 Reißfelder 2 October 1991
30852 Debye 2 October 1991
30882 Tomhenning 21 September 1992
30883 de Broglie 24 September 1992
30933 Grillparzer 17 October 1993
32808 Bischoff 10 October 1990
32809 Sommerfeld 10 October 1990
32810 Steinbach 10 October 1990
32811 Apisaon 14 October 1990
32821 Posch 9 September 1991
32853 Döbereiner 21 September 1992
32855 Zollitsch 24 September 1992
32899 Knigge 4 August 1994
35229 Benckert 24 March 1995
37573 Enricocaruso 23 October 1989
37582 Faraday 12 October 1990
37583 Ramonkhanna 13 October 1990
37584 Schleiden 10 October 1990
37592 Pauljackson 3 October 1991
37608 Löns 24 September 1992
39464 Pöppelmann 27 October 1973
39536 Lenhof 10 October 1990
39540 Borchert 11 April 1991
39549 Casals 27 February 1992
39571 Pückler 21 September 1992
42482 Fischer-Dieskau 8 September 1988
42487 Ångström 9 September 1991
42492 Brüggenthies 3 October 1991
42516 Oistrach 11 November 1993
43724 Pechstein 29 October 1975
43751 Asam 19 October 1982
43775 Tiepolo 2 February 1989
43790 Ferdinandbraun 12 October 1990
43804 Peterting 10 September 1991
43806 Augustepiccard 13 September 1991
43813 Kühner 7 October 1991
46563 Oken 12 September 1991
48415 Dehio 21 August 1987
48422 Schrade 3 November 1988
48425 Tischendorf 2 February 1989
48434 Maxbeckmann 23 October 1989
48435 Jaspers 23 October 1989
48447 Hingley 10 October 1990
48456 Wilhelmwien 12 September 1991
48457 Joseffried 12 September 1991
48458 Merian 13 September 1991
48471 Orchiston 7 October 1991
48472 Mössbauer 2 October 1991
48480 Falk 28 December 1991
48492 Utewielen 24 September 1992
48588 Raschröder 2 September 1994
52271 Lecorbusier 8 September 1988
52291 Mott 10 October 1990
52292 Kamdzhalov 10 October 1990
52293 Mommsen 12 October 1990
52294 Detlef 12 October 1990
52301 Qumran 9 September 1991
52308 Hanspeterröser 7 October 1991
52309 Philnicolai 7 October 1991
52334 Oberammergau 30 March 1992
52337 Compton 2 September 1992
52341 Ballmann 21 September 1992
55733 Lepsius 27 November 1986
55735 Magdeburg 22 August 1987
55749 Eulenspiegel 15 January 1991
55753 Raman 13 September 1991
55759 Erdmannsdorff 10 December 1991
55772 Loder 30 December 1992
58152 Natsöderblom 12 August 1988
58163 Minnesang 23 October 1989
58186 Langkavel 13 September 1991
58191 Dolomiten 28 December 1991
58215 von Klitzing 21 September 1992
58217 Peterhebel 24 September 1992
65675 Mohr-Gruber 11 January 1989
65685 Behring 10 October 1990
65692 Trifu 12 September 1991
65694 Franzrosenzweig 10 September 1991
65708 Ehrlich 4 September 1992
65712 Schneidmüller 24 September 1992
65769 Mahalia 4 March 1995
69264 Nebra 14 August 1988
69275 Wiesenthal 28 November 1989
69286 von Liebig 10 October 1990
69287 Günthereichhorn 10 October 1990
69288 Berlioz 11 October 1990
69295 Stecklum 2 October 1991
69312 Rogerbacon 24 September 1992
73686 Nussdorf 10 October 1990
73687 Thomas Aquinas 10 October 1990
73692 Gürtler 12 September 1991
73693 Dorschner 12 September 1991
73699 Landaupfalz 4 October 1991
73700 von Kues 5 October 1991
73701 Siegfriedbauer 3 October 1991
79087 Scheidt 17 October 1977
79129 Robkoldewey 11 October 1990
79138 Mansfeld 13 September 1991
85179 Meistereckhart 11 October 1990
85190 Birgitroth 12 September 1991
85195 von Helfta 7 October 1991
85196 Halle 4 October 1991
85197 Ginkgo 5 October 1991
85198 Weltenburg 2 October 1991
85199 Habsburg 3 October 1991
85214 Sommersdorf 21 September 1992
85215 Hohenzollern 26 September 1992
85216 Schein 24 September 1992
85217 Bilzingsleben 31 October 1992
85299 Neander 5 October 1994
85317 Lehár 30 January 1995
85320 Bertram 4 March 1995
90703 Indulgentia 8 September 1988
90709 Wettin 12 October 1990
90711 Stotternheim 10 October 1990
90712 Wittelsbach 12 October 1990
(90718) 1991 RW3 12 September 1991
96205 Ararat 24 September 1992
96206 Eschenberg 24 September 1992
100019 Gregorianik 23 October 1989
100027 Hannaharendt 12 October 1990
100028 von Canstein 10 October 1990
100029 Varnhagen 10 October 1990
100033 Taizé 9 April 1991
100046 Worms 2 October 1991
100047 Leobaeck 2 October 1991
(100084) 1992 SY13 26 September 1992
100268 Rosenthal 5 October 1994
118173 Barmen 11 April 1991
118178 Rinckart 23 September 1992
120460 Hambach 13 October 1990
(120461) 1990 TK9 10 October 1990
120481 Johannwalter 24 September 1992
134348 Klemperer 31 October 1992
150118 Petersberg 18 September 1993
152559 Bodelschwingh 12 October 1990
(160018) 1991 TY2 7 October 1991
160512 Franck-Hertz 11 October 1990
(160513) 1990 TD13 12 October 1990
162001 Vulpius 10 October 1990
(162002) 1990 TC10 10 October 1990
168321 Josephschmidt 12 September 1991
(173120) 1990 TL9 10 October 1990
178294 Wertheimer 11 October 1990
190283 Schielicke 12 September 1991
192293 Dominikbrunner 10 October 1990
(204967) 1991 TH7 3 October 1991
279723 Wittenberg 12 September 1991
(282028) 1990 TV9 10 October 1990
322510 Heinrichgrüber 10 October 1990
350178 Eisleben 30 March 1992
(373394) 1990 TQ9 10 October 1990
Co-discovery made with:
K. Kirsch
L. D. Schmadel
The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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Reference sources
References
http://www.minorplanetcenter.net/iau/lists/MPDiscsNum.html
//doi.org/10.1007%2F978-3-540-29925-7_3850
http://www.minorplanetcenter.net/iau/ECS/MPCArchive/MPCArchive_TBL.html
https://d-nb.info/gnd/1079361944
https://viaf.org/viaf/57111307
https://www.worldcat.org/identities/containsVIAFID/57111307
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