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Frederick William

Frederick William Duke of Courland

Duke of Courland
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro Duke of Courland
A.K.A. Friedrich Wilhelm Kettler Herzog von Kurland
Was Noble Aristocrat
From Germany
Type Royals
Gender male
Birth 19 July 1692, Jelgava, Latvia
Death 21 January 1711, Russia (aged 18 years)
Star sign CancerCancer
Family
Mother: Margravine Elisabeth Sophie of Brandenburg (1674–1748)
Father: Frederick Casimir Kettler
Siblings: Maria Dorothea von KettlerLeopold Karl von KettlerEleonore Charlotte von KettlerAmalie Luise von Kettler
Spouse: Anna of Russia
The details
Biography

Frederick William (German: Friedrich Wilhelm; 19 July 1692 – 21 January 1711) was Duke of Courland and Semigallia from 1698 to 1711. Frederick Wilhelm was the son of Frederick Casimir Kettler and Elisabeth Sophie of Brandenburg. During his reign the duchy was occupied by Swedish and later by Russian troops.

Biography

Friedrich Wilhelm Kettler was born in 1692 in Mitau (now Jelgava) in the family of Friedrich Casimir and his second wife Elizabeth Sophia. At the age of seven, after his father's death, in the 22 January 1698 he was appointed as the Duke of Courland and Semigallia, however, until the age of majority state was governed by his mother and uncle Ferdinand Kettler, who resided in Danzig.

When in the 1701 Semigallia was occupied by the Swedes, Friedrich Wilhelm with her mother went to his uncle Frederick, who later was crowned the first king in Prussia. He stayed in Prussia until 1709 when after Russian victories against Sweden was decided to engage marriage between 17 years old Friedrich Wilhelm and Anna, daughter of Tsar Ivan V who himself was half brother of Peter the Great. Council of the Duchy in the 1709 recognized Friedrich Wilhelm adult and the young Duke arrived in the Libau (now Liepaja) in 1710.

On 11 November 1710 (31 October, after the old style) a grand wedding was held in the new Russian capital St. Petersburg, which presented the power of the emerging Russian Empire and its court brilliance. However on the way back from St. Petersburg, Friedrich Wilhelm died on 21 January 1711 in the postal station, and his widow Anna, together with the Duke's corpse, arrived in Mitau only on 4 March. After his death, the Duchy passed to Ferdinand Kettler, but was de facto controlled by Russia. It was restored to independence in 1737, when it passed to the lover of Tsarina Anna, Ernst Johann Biron.

At the same time in the duchy began the epidemic of Great plague, which killed a large part of the population.

Ancestry

16. Gotthard Kettler, Duke of Courland
16. Gotthard Kettler, Duke of Courland
8. William Kettler, Duke of Courland
17. Anna of Mecklenburg
4. Jacob Kettler, Duke of Courland
18. Albert Frederick, Duke of Prussia
9. Duchess Sophie of Prussia
19. Duchess Marie Eleonore of Cleves
2. Frederick Casimir Kettler, Duke of Courland
20. John Sigismund, Elector of Brandenburg (=#24)
10. George William, Elector of Brandenburg (=#12)
21. Duchess Anna of Prussia (=#25)
5. Margravine Louise Charlotte of Brandenburg
22. Frederick IV, Elector Palatine (=#26)
11. Countess Palatine Elisabeth Charlotte of the Rhine (=#13)
23. Countess Louise Juliana of Nassau (=#27)
1. Frederick William Kettler, Duke of Courland
24. John Sigismund, Elector of Brandenburg (=#20)
12. George William, Elector of Brandenburg (=#10)
25. Duchess Anna of Prussia (=#21)
6. Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg
26. Frederick IV, Elector Palatine (=#22)
13. Countess Palatine Elisabeth Charlotte of the Rhine (=#11)
27. Countess Louise Juliana of Nassau (=#23)
3. Margravine Elisabeth Sophie of Brandenburg
28. John II, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg
14. Philip, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
29. Duchess Elisabeth of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
7. Princess Sophia Dorothea of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
30. Francis II, Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg
15. Princess Sophia Hedwig of Saxe-Lauenburg
31. Duchess Maria of Brunswick-Lüneburg
16. Gotthard Kettler, Duke of Courland
8. William Kettler, Duke of Courland
17. Anna of Mecklenburg
4. Jacob Kettler, Duke of Courland
18. Albert Frederick, Duke of Prussia
9. Duchess Sophie of Prussia
19. Duchess Marie Eleonore of Cleves
2. Frederick Casimir Kettler, Duke of Courland
20. John Sigismund, Elector of Brandenburg (=#24)
10. George William, Elector of Brandenburg (=#12)
21. Duchess Anna of Prussia (=#25)
5. Margravine Louise Charlotte of Brandenburg
22. Frederick IV, Elector Palatine (=#26)
11. Countess Palatine Elisabeth Charlotte of the Rhine (=#13)
23. Countess Louise Juliana of Nassau (=#27)
1. Frederick William Kettler, Duke of Courland
24. John Sigismund, Elector of Brandenburg (=#20)
12. George William, Elector of Brandenburg (=#10)
25. Duchess Anna of Prussia (=#21)
6. Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg
26. Frederick IV, Elector Palatine (=#22)
13. Countess Palatine Elisabeth Charlotte of the Rhine (=#11)
27. Countess Louise Juliana of Nassau (=#23)
3. Margravine Elisabeth Sophie of Brandenburg
28. John II, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg
14. Philip, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
29. Duchess Elisabeth of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
7. Princess Sophia Dorothea of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
30. Francis II, Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg
15. Princess Sophia Hedwig of Saxe-Lauenburg
31. Duchess Maria of Brunswick-Lüneburg
8. William Kettler, Duke of Courland
17. Anna of Mecklenburg
4. Jacob Kettler, Duke of Courland
18. Albert Frederick, Duke of Prussia
9. Duchess Sophie of Prussia
19. Duchess Marie Eleonore of Cleves
2. Frederick Casimir Kettler, Duke of Courland
20. John Sigismund, Elector of Brandenburg (=#24)
10. George William, Elector of Brandenburg (=#12)
21. Duchess Anna of Prussia (=#25)
5. Margravine Louise Charlotte of Brandenburg
22. Frederick IV, Elector Palatine (=#26)
11. Countess Palatine Elisabeth Charlotte of the Rhine (=#13)
23. Countess Louise Juliana of Nassau (=#27)
1. Frederick William Kettler, Duke of Courland
24. John Sigismund, Elector of Brandenburg (=#20)
12. George William, Elector of Brandenburg (=#10)
25. Duchess Anna of Prussia (=#21)
6. Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg
26. Frederick IV, Elector Palatine (=#22)
13. Countess Palatine Elisabeth Charlotte of the Rhine (=#11)
27. Countess Louise Juliana of Nassau (=#23)
3. Margravine Elisabeth Sophie of Brandenburg
28. John II, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg
14. Philip, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
29. Duchess Elisabeth of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
7. Princess Sophia Dorothea of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
30. Francis II, Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg
15. Princess Sophia Hedwig of Saxe-Lauenburg
31. Duchess Maria of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Preceded by
Frederick Casimir Kettler
Duke of Courland
1698–1711
Succeeded by
Ferdinand Kettler


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Reference sources
References
https://d-nb.info/gnd/136025854
http://isni.org/isni/0000000057897497
https://viaf.org/viaf/80439852
https://www.worldcat.org/identities/containsVIAFID/80439852
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