Quantcast
peoplepill id: frederick-i-duke-of-brunswick-lueneburg
FIDOB
1 views today
1 views this week
Frederick I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg

Frederick I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg German king

German king
The basics
Quick Facts
The details
Biography

Frederick (c. 1357 – 5 June 1400), a member of the House of Welf, was Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and ruling Prince of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel from 1373 until his death. In May 1400, he unsuccessfully stood as a candidate for the election as German king-elect at Frankfurt, in opposition to Wenceslaus of Luxembourg, and was murdered on his way home.

Life

Frederick was the eldest son of Duke Magnus II of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Prince of Wolfenbüttel, and his consort Catherine of Anhalt-Bernburg. A minor upon his father's death in 1373, he was not declared to have reached the age of majority until 1381, while Duke Otto of Brunswick-Göttingen acted as his guardian. Like his father, he was thrust into the Lüneburg Succession War, which he and his brothers attempted to end in 1373 by a treaty with the Ascanian dukes of Saxe-Wittenberg. According to this treaty, the rule over the Principality of Lüneburg would alternate between the two families. However, the dispute continued; together with his brothers, Frederick eventually won the war by conquering Lüneburg itself in 1388.

In May 1400, Frederick took part in an assembly of the Princes of the Holy Roman Empire in Frankfurt; the purpose of the meeting was to discuss the deposition of the incapable king Wenceslaus. According to some sources, Frederick's brother-in-law Duke Rudolf III of Saxe-Wittenberg proposed his election as an anti-king by a subset of the princes; nevertheless, after several princes favoured Rupert of the Palatinate and no agreement over his election could be reached, the Welf duke left the assembly. Modern historians are at odds with each other whether Frederick was ever considered a candidate or even elected, since there is no documentary evidence for this. King Wenceslaus was finally declared deposed on 20 August 1400 and Rupert was elected King of the Romans the next day.

Kaiserkreuz, Kleinenglis

It is nevertheless undisputed that Frederick was murdered during his journey home by Count Henry VII of Waldeck and his henchmen, who included Friedrich von Hertingshausen and Konrad von Falkenberg. The murder may have served to get rid of a royal candidate; or the story of the royal election may have sprung up to find a motive for the murder. The assassination caused much concern at the time; a stone cross (Kaiserkreuz) was erected at its location in Kleinenglis near Fritzlar. By order of King Rupert, the murderers had to donate an altar in Saint Peter's Church, Fritzlar to atone for their crime. Frederick was entombed in Brunswick Cathedral.

Family

Frederick married Anna (died 1388), a daughter of the Ascanian duke Wenceslaus I of Saxe-Wittenberg, in 1386. With her he had two daughters:

  • Catherine (died ca. 1439), married Henry XXIV, Count of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen
  • Anna (died 1432), married the Habsburg duke Frederick IV of Austria, called "of the Empty Pockets", Count of Tyrol.

Ancestry

16. Albert I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
16. Albert I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
8. Albert the Fat, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
17. Adelheid of Montferrat
4. Magnus the Pious, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
18. Henry I, Prince of Mecklenburg-Güstrow
9. Rixa of Mecklenburg-Werle
19. Rikissa Birgersdotter
2. Magnus II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
20. John I, Margrave of Brandenburg
10. Henry I, Margrave of Brandenburg-Stendal
21. Jutta of Saxony
5. Sophie of Brandenburg
22. Louis II, Duke of Bavaria
11. Agnes of Bavaria
23. Matilda of Habsburg
1. Frederick I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
24. Bernhard I, Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg
12. Bernhard II, Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg
25. Sophie of Denmark
6. Bernhard III, Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg
26. Wizlaw II, Prince of Rügen
13. Helene of Rügen
27. Agnes of Brunswick-Lüneburg
3. Catherine of Anhalt-Bernburg
28. Albert II, Duke of Saxony
14. Rudolf I, Duke of Saxe-Wittenberg
29. Agnes of Habsburg
7. Agnes of Saxony
30. Otto V, Margrave of Brandenburg-Salzwedel
15. Jutta of Brandenburg
31. Jutta of Henneberg
16. Albert I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
8. Albert the Fat, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
17. Adelheid of Montferrat
4. Magnus the Pious, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
18. Henry I, Prince of Mecklenburg-Güstrow
9. Rixa of Mecklenburg-Werle
19. Rikissa Birgersdotter
2. Magnus II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
20. John I, Margrave of Brandenburg
10. Henry I, Margrave of Brandenburg-Stendal
21. Jutta of Saxony
5. Sophie of Brandenburg
22. Louis II, Duke of Bavaria
11. Agnes of Bavaria
23. Matilda of Habsburg
1. Frederick I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
24. Bernhard I, Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg
12. Bernhard II, Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg
25. Sophie of Denmark
6. Bernhard III, Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg
26. Wizlaw II, Prince of Rügen
13. Helene of Rügen
27. Agnes of Brunswick-Lüneburg
3. Catherine of Anhalt-Bernburg
28. Albert II, Duke of Saxony
14. Rudolf I, Duke of Saxe-Wittenberg
29. Agnes of Habsburg
7. Agnes of Saxony
30. Otto V, Margrave of Brandenburg-Salzwedel
15. Jutta of Brandenburg
31. Jutta of Henneberg
8. Albert the Fat, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
17. Adelheid of Montferrat
4. Magnus the Pious, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
18. Henry I, Prince of Mecklenburg-Güstrow
9. Rixa of Mecklenburg-Werle
19. Rikissa Birgersdotter
2. Magnus II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
20. John I, Margrave of Brandenburg
10. Henry I, Margrave of Brandenburg-Stendal
21. Jutta of Saxony
5. Sophie of Brandenburg
22. Louis II, Duke of Bavaria
11. Agnes of Bavaria
23. Matilda of Habsburg
1. Frederick I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
24. Bernhard I, Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg
12. Bernhard II, Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg
25. Sophie of Denmark
6. Bernhard III, Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg
26. Wizlaw II, Prince of Rügen
13. Helene of Rügen
27. Agnes of Brunswick-Lüneburg
3. Catherine of Anhalt-Bernburg
28. Albert II, Duke of Saxony
14. Rudolf I, Duke of Saxe-Wittenberg
29. Agnes of Habsburg
7. Agnes of Saxony
30. Otto V, Margrave of Brandenburg-Salzwedel
15. Jutta of Brandenburg
31. Jutta of Henneberg
The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
comments so far.
Comments
Reference sources
References
http://mdz.bib-bvb.de/digbib/lexika/adb/images/adb007/@ebt-link?target=idmatch(entityref,adb0070499)
https://d-nb.info/gnd/122954157
http://isni.org/isni/000000001239401X
https://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n2015055400
https://viaf.org/viaf/57508770
https://www.worldcat.org/identities/containsVIAFID/57508770
arrow-left arrow-right arrow-up arrow-down instagram whatsapp myspace quora soundcloud spotify tumblr vk website youtube stumbleupon comments comments pandora gplay iheart tunein pandora gplay iheart tunein itunes