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Frederick Francis I, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin

Frederick Francis I, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin German Grand Duke

German Grand Duke
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro German Grand Duke
A.K.A. Friedrich Franz I von Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Frédéric-François, Frédéric-Fra...
Was Monarch Noble Sovereign
From Germany
Type Royals
Gender male
Birth 10 December 1756, Schwerin, Germany
Death 1 February 1837, Ludwigslust, Germany (aged 80 years)
Star sign SagittariusSagittarius
Mother: Princess Charlotte Sophie of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
Father: Duke Louis of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Siblings: Duchess Sophia Frederica of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Spouse: Princess Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (1756–1808)
Children: Frederick Louis, Hereditary Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-SchwerinDuchess Louise Charlotte of Mecklenburg-SchwerinDuchess Charlotte Frederica of Mecklenburg-SchwerinGustav Wilhelm von Mecklemburg-SchwerinKarl August Christian zu ofAdolf of Mecklenburg
The details

Frederick Francis I (10 December 1756 – 1 February 1837) ruled over the German state of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, first as duke (1785–1815), and then as grand duke (1815–1837).


He was born in Schwerin, Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, to Duke Louis of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and Princess Charlotte Sophie of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld. Friedrich Franz succeeded his uncle Friedrich as duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin in 1785.

Following the Napoleonic Wars, Friedrich Franz was raised to the dignity of grand duke at the Congress of Vienna. Along with his cousin in Mecklenburg-Strelitz, he was known as one of the most reactionary German rulers. On his death in 1837 he was succeeded by his grandson, Grand Duke Paul Friedrich.

Marriage and children

On 1 June 1775 in Gotha, Friedrich Franz married Princess Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg. They had eight children:

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