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Frederick Francis I, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin

Frederick Francis I, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin

German Grand Duke
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro German Grand Duke
Countries Germany
Occupations Sovereign
A.K.A. Friedrich Franz I von Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Frédéric-François, Frédéric-François Ier, Frédéric-François, Grand Duc de Mecklembourg-Scbwerin
Gender male
Birth December 10, 1756 (Schwerin)
Death February 1, 1837 (Ludwigslust)
Mother: Princess Charlotte Sophie of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
Father: Duke Louis of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Siblings: Duchess Sophia Frederica of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Spouse: Princess Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (1756–1808)
Children: Frederick Louis, Hereditary Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-SchwerinDuchess Louise Charlotte of Mecklenburg-SchwerinDuchess Charlotte Frederica of Mecklenburg-SchwerinGustav Wilhelm von Mecklemburg-SchwerinAdolf of Mecklenburg Karl August Christian zu Mecklenburg
The details

Frederick Francis I, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (10 December 1756 – 1 February 1837) ruled over the German state of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, first as Duke (1785–1815), and then as Grand Duke (1815–1837).


He was born in Schwerin, Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, to Duke Louis of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and Princess Charlotte Sophie of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld. Friedrich Franz succeeded his uncle Friedrich as Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin in 1785.

Following the Napoleonic Wars, Friedrich Franz was raised to the dignity of Grand Duke at the Congress of Vienna. Along with his cousin in Mecklenburg-Strelitz, he was known as one of the most reactionary German rulers. On his death in 1837 he was succeeded by his grandson, Grand Duke Paul Friedrich.

Marriage and children

On 1 June 1775 in Gotha, Friedrich Franz married Princess Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg. They had eight children:

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