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Frederick Charles, Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt

Frederick Charles, Prince of Schwarzburg-RudolstadtBiography, German natural history collector and Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt

German natural history collector and Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
Frederick Charles, Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro German natural history collector and Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
A.K.A. Friedrich Carl
Was Collector Prince
From Germany
Type Royals
Gender male
Birth 7 June 1736, Rudolstadt, Germany
Death 13 April 1793, Rudolstadt, Germany (aged 56 years)
Star sign GeminiGemini
Family
Mother: Sophie Henriette Gräfin Reuss zu Greiz
Father: Louis Günther II, Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
Spouse: Friederike Sophie Auguste of Schwarzburg-RudolstadtPrincess Auguste Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
Children: Louis Frederick II, Prince of Schwarzburg-RudolstadtCharles-Gonthier de Schwarzbourg-Rudolstadt
The details

Biography

Prince Frederick Charles of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt (7 June 1736 – 13 April 1793) was a German Natural History collector, and from 1790 until his death the reigning Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt.

Life

Frederick Charles of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt was born in Rudolstadt, the son of Prince Louis Günther II of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt and his wife Sophie Henriette, born Countess Reuss of Untergreiz (1711–1771). As a child, he began his natural history collection, which later went to the Natural History Museum of Rudolstadt. In 1757, he created the Princely Natural History Collection at the Ludwigsburg Castle in Rudolstadt. The collection was later enlarged, and in the 19th century, it occupied seven rooms in the castle. One of the first supervisors of the collection was Christoph Ludwig Kämmerer. In 1919, the collection was moved to Heidecksburg Castle.

Frederick Charles of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt corresponded with Johann Heinrich Merck, among others, and let him have some rhinoceros bones and other pieces from his collection for research. Frederick Charles also corresponded with Johann August Ephraim Goeze (1731–1793), with the physician Friedrich Martini, with the vicar Johann Samuel Schröter (1735–1808) and with Johann Ernst Immanuel Walch (1725–1778). He had personal and scientific relationships with his correspondents and kept their writings in the library of his Cabinet. Some of these writings were dedicated to him, for example the third volume of Martini's conchology text, published in 1777, was dedicated to His Princely Highness, the Crown Prince Frederick Charles of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, dedicated by his humble subject, the author. The second edition of Jacob Theodor Klein's Naturalis Dispositio; Echinodermatum was edited and revised by Nathaniel Gottfried Leske and was also dedicated to Frederick Charles.

In 1792, Frederick Charles built a theatre on the green in Rudolstadt. It was inaugurated a few weeks after his death. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe was its director from 1793 to 1803. It later evolved to form the Thuringia State Theatre in Rudolstadt.

Marriage and issue

Friederike Sophie Auguste of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt; portrait by Johann Ernst Heinsius

Frederick Charles married his first wife, Princess Friederike Sophie Auguste of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt (1745–1778), in 1763. They had six children:

In 1780, Frederick Charles married his second wife, Princess Louise Friederike Auguste (1752–1805), the daughter of Prince John August of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg. This marriage was childless.

Ancestry

16. Louis Günther I, Count of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
16. Louis Günther I, Count of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
8. Albert Anton, Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
17. Emilie of Oldenburg-Delmenhorst
4. Louis Frederick I, Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
18. Albert Frederick I of Barby-Mühlingen
9. Countess Emilie Juliane of Barby-Mühlingen
19. Sophia Ursula of Oldenburg-Delmenhorst
2. Louis Günther II, Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
20. Ernest I, Duke of Saxe-Gotha
10. Frederick I, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
21. Princess Elisabeth Sophie of Saxe-Altenburg
5. Anna Sophie of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
22. Augustus, Duke of Saxe-Weissenfels
11. Magdalena Sibylle of Saxe-Weissenfels
23. Anna Maria of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
1. Frederick Charles, Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
24. Henry V, Lord Reuss of Untergreiz
12. Henry IV, Count Reuss of Untergreiz
25. Anna Marie of Salm-Neufville
6. Henry XIII, Count Reuss of Untergreiz
26. Wilhelm von Ruppa
13. Anna Dorothea von Ruppa
27. Anna Catherine von Ruppa
3. Countess Sophie Henriette Reuss of Untergreiz
28. Henry Ernest, Count of Stolberg
14. Ernest, Count of Stolberg-Ilsenburg
29. Countess Anna Elisabeth of Stolberg
7. Sophie Elizabeth of Stolberg-Wernigerode
30. Christian Günther II, Count of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen-Arnstadt
15. Sophia Dorothea of Schwarzburg-Arnstadt
31. Sophia Dorothea of Mörsperg and Beffort
16. Louis Günther I, Count of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
8. Albert Anton, Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
17. Emilie of Oldenburg-Delmenhorst
4. Louis Frederick I, Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
18. Albert Frederick I of Barby-Mühlingen
9. Countess Emilie Juliane of Barby-Mühlingen
19. Sophia Ursula of Oldenburg-Delmenhorst
2. Louis Günther II, Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
20. Ernest I, Duke of Saxe-Gotha
10. Frederick I, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
21. Princess Elisabeth Sophie of Saxe-Altenburg
5. Anna Sophie of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
22. Augustus, Duke of Saxe-Weissenfels
11. Magdalena Sibylle of Saxe-Weissenfels
23. Anna Maria of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
1. Frederick Charles, Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
24. Henry V, Lord Reuss of Untergreiz
12. Henry IV, Count Reuss of Untergreiz
25. Anna Marie of Salm-Neufville
6. Henry XIII, Count Reuss of Untergreiz
26. Wilhelm von Ruppa
13. Anna Dorothea von Ruppa
27. Anna Catherine von Ruppa
3. Countess Sophie Henriette Reuss of Untergreiz
28. Henry Ernest, Count of Stolberg
14. Ernest, Count of Stolberg-Ilsenburg
29. Countess Anna Elisabeth of Stolberg
7. Sophie Elizabeth of Stolberg-Wernigerode
30. Christian Günther II, Count of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen-Arnstadt
15. Sophia Dorothea of Schwarzburg-Arnstadt
31. Sophia Dorothea of Mörsperg and Beffort
8. Albert Anton, Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
17. Emilie of Oldenburg-Delmenhorst
4. Louis Frederick I, Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
18. Albert Frederick I of Barby-Mühlingen
9. Countess Emilie Juliane of Barby-Mühlingen
19. Sophia Ursula of Oldenburg-Delmenhorst
2. Louis Günther II, Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
20. Ernest I, Duke of Saxe-Gotha
10. Frederick I, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
21. Princess Elisabeth Sophie of Saxe-Altenburg
5. Anna Sophie of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
22. Augustus, Duke of Saxe-Weissenfels
11. Magdalena Sibylle of Saxe-Weissenfels
23. Anna Maria of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
1. Frederick Charles, Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
24. Henry V, Lord Reuss of Untergreiz
12. Henry IV, Count Reuss of Untergreiz
25. Anna Marie of Salm-Neufville
6. Henry XIII, Count Reuss of Untergreiz
26. Wilhelm von Ruppa
13. Anna Dorothea von Ruppa
27. Anna Catherine von Ruppa
3. Countess Sophie Henriette Reuss of Untergreiz
28. Henry Ernest, Count of Stolberg
14. Ernest, Count of Stolberg-Ilsenburg
29. Countess Anna Elisabeth of Stolberg
7. Sophie Elizabeth of Stolberg-Wernigerode
30. Christian Günther II, Count of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen-Arnstadt
15. Sophia Dorothea of Schwarzburg-Arnstadt
31. Sophia Dorothea of Mörsperg and Beffort

Footnotes

Frederick Charles, Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
House of Schwarzburg
Born: (7 June 1736 Died: 13 April 1793
Preceded by
Louis Günther II
Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
1790-1793
Succeeded by
Louis Frederick II
The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 09 Mar 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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Reference sources
References
https://web.archive.org/web/20120426071814/http://www.ig-karoline.arnstadt.de/karoline1.htm
http://www.ig-karoline.arnstadt.de/karoline1.htm
http://www.museum-digital.de/thue/index.php?t=objekt&oges=926
http://geneagraphie.com/getperson.php?personID=I86295&tree=1
https://d-nb.info/gnd/117379018
https://viaf.org/viaf/45078698
https://www.worldcat.org/identities/viaf-45078698
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