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Franz Xaver von Wulfen
Austrian scientist

Franz Xaver von Wulfen

Franz Xaver von Wulfen
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro Austrian scientist
A.K.A. Wulfen
Was Scientist Botanist Physicist Mathematician Zoologist Biologist Mycologist Mineralogist
From Holy Roman Empire
Field Biology Mathematics Science
Gender male
Birth 5 November 1728, Belgrade, Kingdom of Hungary
Death 17 March 1805, Klagenfurt, Austria (aged 76 years)
Star sign Scorpio
The details (from wikipedia)

Biography

Franz Xaver von Wulfen

Franz Xaver Freiherr von Wulfen (5 November 1728 – 17 March 1805) was a botanist, zoologist, mineralogist, alpinist, and Jesuit priest. He is credited with discovering the flowering plants Wulfenia carinthiaca, Saxifraga moschata, and Stellaria bulbosa. In 1845 the lead molybdate mineral wulfenite was named in his honor by Wilhelm Karl von Haidinger.

Life

Wulfen was born in Belgrade. His father, Christian Friedrich von Wulfen, was a high-ranking lieutenant in the Austrian Army of Swedish descent. His mother, née Mariassy, was a Hungarian countess. Franz's education took place at Kaschau Gymnasium in present-day Košice, Slovakia. When he was 17, he joined a Jesuit school in Vienna. Following his graduation, he became a school instructor (chiefly of mathematics and physics) in Vienna, Graz, Neusohl, Gorz, Laibach (Ljubljana), and from 1764 Klagenfurt. After the Suppression of the Society of Jesus in the 1760s, he remained in Klagenfurt until his death. By 1763, he was officially a priest. Wulfen died at the age of 76 years.

Work

From his twenty-second year he devoted himself to botany. The upland and valley flora of the Eastern Alps was his chief study. To find specimens, Wulfen frequently hiked up the Großglockner and was a pioneer in exploring the Austrian Alps. In 1781, he published his studies in the well-illustrated Plantae rariorum Carinthicae (Rare Plants of Carinthia). With particular success, he conducted research of lichens that he still regarded as a division of algae. He made numerous trips to the south (on many occasions to the Adriatic Sea) and to the north as far as Holland.

Wulfen was also a researcher of the fauna of the Inner Austria and the Adriatic Sea. He concerned himself primarily with insects, fish, and birds.

Recognitions and commemoration

In 1796, Wulfen was elected a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. The genus Wulfenia was named in 1782 in his honor by Nikolaus Joseph von Jacquin. Also, he is commemorated by plants with the specific epithet of wulfenii. A monument in Klagenfurt, erected in 1838, honors him, describing him as "equally great as priest, scholar and man".

Works

  • Plantae rariores carinthiacae. V: Miscellanea austriaca ad botanicam, chemiam et historiam naturalem spectantia, vol. I (1778) str. 147-163 in vol. II (1781) str. 25-183
  • Abhandlung vom Kärntner Bleispate, 1785
  • Plantae rariores carinthiacae. V: Collectanea ad botanicam, chemiam et historiam naturalem, vol. I (1786) str. 186-364, vol. II (1788) str. 112-234, vol. III (1789) str. 3-166, vol. IV (1790) str. 227-348
  • Descriptiones Quorumdam Capensium Insectorum, 1786
  • De Plumbo Spatoso Carinthiaco, 1791
  • Plantae rariores descriptae, 1803
  • Cryptogama aquatica, 1803
  • Flora Norica phanerogama,1858 (published posthumously like much of his work)

Sources

The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 05 Apr 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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References
http://www.mindat.org/min-4322.html
http://www.aeiou.at/aeiou.encyclop.w/w969476.htm;internal&action=_setlanguage.action?LANGUAGE=en
http://de.wikisource.org/wiki/ADB:Wulfen,_Franz_Xaver_Freiherr_von
https://translate.google.com/translate?hl=en&sl=de&u=http://austria-forum.org/af/Wissenssammlungen/Biographien/Wulfen,_Franz_Xaver,_Freiherr_von&prev=/search?q%3D%2522Franz%2BXaver%2Bvon%2BWulfen%2522%2B%2BGro%25C3%259Fglockner%26rlz%3D1C2_____enUS441US455%26biw%3D1024%26bih%3D629
https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/33066814#page/534/mode/1up
http://de.wikisource.org/wiki/Franz_Xaver_von_Wulfen
http://www.ipni.org/ipni/advAuthorSearch.do?find_abbreviation=Wulfen
http://www.ipni.org/ipni/advPlantNameSearch.do?find_infragenus=&find_isAPNIRecord=true&find_geoUnit=&find_includePublicationAuthors=true&find_addedSince=&find_family=&find_genus=&find_sortByFamily=true&find_isGCIRecord=true&find_infrafamily=&find_rankToReturn=all&find_publicationTitle=&find_authorAbbrev=Wulfen&find_infraspecies=&find_includeBasionymAuthors=true&find_modifiedSince=&find_isIKRecord=true&find_species=&output_format=normal&chunk_size=100&start_row=100
https://www.ipni.org/ipni/advAuthorSearch.do?find_abbreviation=Wulfen
http://www.uni-stuttgart.de/hi/gnt/dsi2/index.php?table_name=dsi&function=details&where_field=id&where_value=616
https://d-nb.info/gnd/117388661
http://isni.org/isni/0000000050760009
https://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/nr00025470
http://data.bibliotheken.nl/id/thes/p21765648X
https://libris.kb.se/auth/237653
https://www.idref.fr/133205436
https://viaf.org/viaf/17998481
https://www.worldcat.org/identities/lccn-nr00025470
Sections Franz Xaver von Wulfen

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