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Francis Herbert Stead

Francis Herbert Stead Social reformer notable for the establishment of browning hall in walworth, london

Social reformer notable for the establishment of browning hall in walworth, london
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro Social reformer notable for the establishment of browning hall in walworth, london
Occupations Cleric
Type Religion
Gender male
Birth 1857 (Howdon)
Death 14 January 1928 (Blackheath, Royal Borough of Greenwich, Greater London, London)
Siblings: William Thomas Stead
The details

Frances Herbert Stead (1857-1928, commonly cited as F. H. Stead) was a British social reformer notable for the establishment of Browning Hall in Walworth, London, in 1894-5, and for his work on the National Committee of Organised Labour which waged a decade-long campaign for the introduction of a general tax funded system of old-age pensions from 1899.


Frances Herbert Stead was born in 1857 in Howdon, near Wallsend, North Tyneside in the north-east of England, the son of a Congregational minister, the Rev William Stead and Isabella (née Jobson), a cultivated daughter of a Yorkshire farmer. His older brother William Thomas Stead was a campaigning journalist in whose footsteps Francis at first followed. He took an MA in Theology at the University of Glasgow in 1881 and trained there for the ministry. He thereafter studied in Germany and travelled in Europe.

He was the Minister of Gallowtree Gate Congregational Church, Leicester, from 1884 to 1890, during which period he married Bessie Macgregor. Stead moved to London to assume the editorship of the Independent and Nonconformist from 1890 to 1892 and was involved in the settlement movement, which aimed to encourage relatively wealthy, educated and socially advantaged people to live in proximity with the working poor. Influenced perhaps by the model of Toynbee Hall and the work of Samuel and Henrietta Barnett, he founded Browning Hall in the 1894-5 period at 62 Camberwell Road, Walworth. Browning Hall provided accommodation for a number of university educated residents, as well as for a relatively large number of autodidacts such as James Keir Hardie.

Browning Hall formed a centre for practical experimentation in social change, with a more political emphasis than other contemporary settlements, and became a local centre for trade union activities. Stead's interest in the problems of old-age led to a Browning Hall conference on pensions in December 1898, out of which arose the National Committee of Organised Labour (NECL), which worked to encourage the introduction of old-age pensions funded from general taxation - a campaign won with the passing of the Old-Age Pensions Act 1908. Stead worked with Frederick Rogers for a decade, writing pamphlets and books, lobbying parliament and religious leaders, and travelling the length of the country to speak for the cause.

Stead died at Blackheath on 14 January 1928.

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