Quantcast
peoplepill id: ferdinand-von-richthofen
FVR
1 views today
23 views this week
Ferdinand von Richthofen

Ferdinand von Richthofen

German geographer and explorer
Ferdinand von Richthofen
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro German geographer and explorer
A.K.A. Ferdinand Freiherr von Richthofen, Ferdinand Paul Wilhelm Dieprand Ric...
Was Geologist Explorer Geographer Professor Educator Scientist Volcanologist
From Germany
Type Academia Science
Gender male
Birth 5 May 1833, Pokój, Poland
Death 6 October 1905, Berlin, Margraviate of Brandenburg (aged 72 years)
Star sign TaurusTaurus
Residence Baden-Württemberg, Germany
Family
Mother: Ferdinande von Richthofen
Father: Karl von Richthofen
Siblings: Karl von Richthofen
The details

Biography

Baron Ferdinand Freiherr von Richthofen FRSFor HFRSE BGS (5 May 1833 – 6 October 1905), better known in English as Baron von Richthofen, was a German traveller, geographer, and scientist. He is noted for coining the terms "Seidenstraße" and "Seidenstraßen" = "Silk Road(s)" or "Silk Route(s)" in 1877. He also standardized the practices of chorography and chorology. He was an uncle of the World War I flying ace Manfred von Richthofen, best known as the "Red Baron".

Biography

He was born in Carlsruhe, at that time in Prussian Silesia, and was educated in the Roman Catholic Gymnasium in Breslau.

He studied Medicine at the University of Breslau and at the Humboldt University of Berlin. He traveled or studied in the Alps of Tyrol and the Carpathians in Transylvania. In 1860, he joined the Eulenburg Expedition, a Prussian expedition which visited Ceylon, Japan, Taiwan, Celebes, Java, the Philippines, Siam, Burma between 1860 and 1862. No important work resulted from these travels, for much of Richthofen's records and collections was lost. China was at the time inaccessible owing to the Taiping rebellion, but Richthofen was impressed with the desirability of exploring it. From 1862 to 1868, he worked as a geologist in the United States, discovering goldfields in California. He then followed up his interest in China by several more trips there, and also to Japan, Burma, and Java. In China he located the dried-up lake bed of Lopnur.

He published his geographical, geological, economic, and ethnological findings in three volumes with an atlas, which, however, did not cover the entire field or complete the author's plan. This work appeared at Berlin in 1877-85 under the title of China: Ergebnisse eigner Reisen und darauf gegründeter Studien. In this standard work, the author deals not only with geology but with every subject necessary to a general geographical treatise. Notably he paid close attention to the economic resources of the country he traversed. He also wrote a valuable series of letters to the Shanghai Chamber of Commerce, and first drew attention to the importance of the coalfields of Shantung, and of Kiaochow as a port.

He was appointed professor of geology at the University of Bonn beginning in 1875, but being fully occupied with his work in China he did not take up professorial duties until 1879. He became professor of geography at the University of Leipzig in 1883, and professor of geography at the Friedrich Wilhelm University of Berlin in 1886. He occupied the latter position until his death. His lectures attracted numerous students who subsequently became eminent in geographical work, and in order to keep in touch with them he established his weekly geographical “colloquium.” Among his most famous students was Sven Hedin, the Swedish explorer. He served as president of the German Geographical Society for many years and founded the Berlin Hydrographical Institute.

He is noted for coining the terms "Seidenstraße" and "Seidenstraßen" = "Silk Road(s)" or "Silk Route(s)" in 1877. He also standardized the practices of chorography and chorology.

He died in 1905 in Berlin.

Anecdotes

When William Gill consulted him about a planned trip to China, he remarked:

The mountain range on the southern edge of the Hexi Corridor in western China was named Richthofen Range after him, although the modern name is now Qilian Mountains. The 12940 ft. Mount Richthofen in Rocky Mountain National Park is also named after him.

Publications

In German

  • “Die Kalkalpen von Vorarlberg und Nordtirol” in Jahrbuch der geologischen Reichsanstalt; 1859–1861
  • “Die Metallproduktion Kaliforniens” in Petermanns Mitteilungen; 1865
  • China, Ergebnisse eigner Reisen und darauf gegründeter Studien (China: The results of my travels and the studies based thereon), 1877–1912, 5 vols. and atlas
  • Aufgaben und Methoden der heutigen Geographie (an address delivered at Leipzig, 1883)
  • Führer für Forschungsreisende (A guide for the traveling researcher), Berlin, 1886
  • Triebkräfte und Richtungen der Erdkunde in neunzehnten Jahrhundert (address on his election as rector, Berlin, 1903)

In English

  • Comstock Lode: Its Character, and the Probable Mode of Its Continuance in Depth (1866)
  • Principles of the Natural System of Volcanic Rocks (1867)
  • Letters to the Shanghai Chamber of Commerce (1869–72)
  • Richthofen, F. (1872). Letter from Baron Richthofen on the Province of Hunan. Shanghai: Re-printed at the "Ching-foong" Printing Office. State Library of New South Wales, TQ047868
  • Richthofen, F. (1872). Letter by Baron von Richthofen on the provinces of Chili, Shansi, Shensi, Sz'-chwan, with notes on Mongolia, Kansu, Yünnan and Kwei-chau. no. 7. Shanghai: Re-printed at the "Ching-foong" Printing Office. State Library of New South Wales, TQ047868
  • Richthofen, F. (1872). Letter by Baron von Richthofen, from Si-ngan-fu, on the rebellion in Kansu and Shensi. No. 6. Shanghai: Printed at the office of the 'North-China Herald'. State Library of New South Wales, TQ047868

Notes

The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 09 Mar 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
comments so far.
Comments
Reference sources
References
https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?num=96&u=1&seq=11&view=image&size=100&id=hvd.hw29g2
https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=nyp.33433090756903;view=1up;seq=560
https://books.google.com/books?id=RqIJGW5OoaIC&pg=PA50
https://search.sl.nsw.gov.au/primo-explore/fulldisplay?docid=SLNSW_ALMA7191986130002626&context=L&vid=SLNSW&search_scope=EEA&tab=default_tab&lang=en_US
https://search.sl.nsw.gov.au/primo-explore/fulldisplay?docid=SLNSW_ALMA7192165630002626&context=L&vid=SLNSW&search_scope=EEA&tab=default_tab&lang=en_US
https://search.sl.nsw.gov.au/primo-explore/fulldisplay?docid=SLNSW_ALMA7191991360002626&context=L&vid=SLNSW&search_scope=EEA&tab=default_tab&lang=en_US
https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/The_Encyclopedia_Americana_(1920)/Richthofen,_Ferdinand,_Baron_von
http://catalogo.bne.es/uhtbin/authoritybrowse.cgi?action=display&authority_id=XX5152320
https://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb125230113
https://data.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb125230113
https://d-nb.info/gnd/118745085
arrow-left arrow-right arrow-up arrow-down instagram whatsapp myspace quora soundcloud spotify tumblr vk website youtube stumbleupon comments comments pandora gplay iheart tunein pandora gplay iheart tunein itunes