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Ferdinand IV, Grand Duke of Tuscany

Ferdinand IV, Grand Duke of Tuscany

Grand duke of tuscany
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro Grand duke of tuscany
Gender male
Birth 10 June 1835 (Florence, Province of Florence, Tuscany, Italy)
Death 17 January 1908 (Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria)
Family
Mother: Princess Maria Antonia of the Two Sicilies
Father: Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany
Siblings: Archduke Karl Salvator of AustriaArchduke Johann Salvator of AustriaArchduke Ludwig Salvator of AustriaArchduchess Auguste Ferdinande of AustriaArchduchess Maria Isabella of AustriaCaroline of Austria
Spouse: Princess Alice of ParmaPrincess Anna of Saxony (1836–1859)
Children: Archduke Leopold Ferdinand of AustriaArchduchess Louise of AustriaArchduke Joseph Ferdinand of AustriaArchduke Peter Ferdinand of AustriaHeinrich Ferdinand von Österreich-Toskana someonesomeone
The details
Biography

Ferdinand IV, Grand Duke of Tuscany (Italian: Ferdinando IV, Granduca di Toscana; 10 June 1835 – 17 January 1908) was the last Grand Duke of Tuscany from 1859 to 1860. The House of Habsburg-Lorraine continued to hold the title as pretenders until the end of World War I.

Biography

Born at Florence, he was the son of Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany and Princess Maria Antonia of the Two Sicilies.

He and his family were forced to flee Florence on April 27, 1859, with the outbreak of a revolution inspired by the outbreak of a war by France and Sardinia-Piedmont against Austria as part of the unification of Italy. The family took refuge in Austria. After the end of the war, Leopold II abdicated on July 21, and Ferdinand succeeded him as Grand Duke. Ferdinand proved unable to return to Florence to claim his throne, and an elected Tuscan National Assembly formally deposed him only a month later, on August 16. Ferdinand still hoped to recover his throne, as both France and Austria had promised to recognize his rights to it in the Armistice of Villafranca. However, neither power was willing to take any steps to bring about his restoration. The Kingdom of Sardinia annexed Tuscany on March 22, 1860, ending Ferdinand's hopes to reclaim the throne.

Ferdinand spent the rest of his life in exile in Austria. He died there, in Salzburg, in 1908.

Family and children

He married twice and had issue:

From his first marriage in Dresden on 24 November 1856 to Princess Anna of Saxony, (Dresden, 4 January 1836 - Naples, 10 February 1859), daughter of King John I of Saxony, was born:

  • Archduchess Maria Antonietta (Florence, 10 January 1858 - Cannes, 13 April 1883). She became abbess of the Theresia Convent in the Hradschin in Prague.

From his second marriage in Frohsdorf on 11 January 1868 to Princess Alice "Alix" of Parma (Parma, 27 December 1849 - Schwertberg, 16 November 1935), daughter of Charles III of Parma:

  • Archduke Leopold Ferdinand (1868–1935). He renounced his titles on 29 December 1902 and took the name Leopold Wölfling. He married thrice, without issue.
  • Archduchess Luise (1870–1947)
  • Archduke Josef Ferdinand (1872–1942). He married, firstly, Rosa Kaltenbrunner and, after divorcing her married, secondly Gertrud Tomanek, by whom he had issue. Both marriages were morganatic.
  • Archduke Peter Ferdinand, Prince of Tuscany (1874–1948). Married Princess Maria Cristina of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, and had issue.
  • Archduke Heinrich Ferdinand (1878–1969). A major general in the Austrian army, morganatically married Maria Karoline Ludescher, and had issue.
  • Archduchess Anna Maria Theresia (1879–1961). She married Johannes, Prince of Hohenlohe-Bartenstein; their granddaughter married Hans Veit, Count of Toerring-Jettenbach, son of Princess Elizabeth of Greece and Denmark.
  • Archduchess Margareta (1881–1965)
  • Archduchess Germana (1884–1955)
  • Archduke Robert Salvator (1885–1895)
  • Archduchess Agnes Maria (1891–1945)

Honours

  •  Belgium: Grand Cordon of the Order of Leopold in 1856.

Ancestry

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References
http://isni.org/isni/0000000108663376
http://thepeerage.com/p11157.htm#i111562
http://www.granducato.org/
http://www.william1.co.uk/han14.htm#han14l1
https://d-nb.info/gnd/130261769
https://translate.google.com/translate?&u=https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ferdinand+IV.+(Toskana)&sl=de&tl=en&prev=_t&hl=en
https://viaf.org/viaf/6406865
https://www.idref.fr/161430945
https://www.worldcat.org/identities/containsVIAFID/6406865
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