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Erwin Wilhelm Müller

Erwin Wilhelm Müller

German physicist, inventor
Erwin Wilhelm Müller
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro German physicist, inventor
A.K.A. Erwin Müller
Was Scientist Physicist Professor Educator
From Germany United States of America
Type Academia Science
Gender male
Birth 13 June 1911, Berlin, Margraviate of Brandenburg
Death 17 May 1977, Washington, D.C., USA (aged 65 years)
Star sign GeminiGemini
The details

Biography

Erwin Wilhelm Müller (or Mueller) (June 13, 1911 – May 17, 1977) was a German physicist who invented the Field Emission Electron Microscope (FEEM), the Field Ion Microscope (FIM), and the Atom-Probe Field Ion Microscope. He and his student, Kanwar Bahadur, were the first people to experimentally observe atoms.

Life and work

Müller was born in Berlin, where he studied at the Technical University under Gustav Hertz. He received his degree in engineering in 1935 and his doctorate in 1936. Müller worked at the Siemens Research Laboratory, where he invented the field emission microscope in 1936 that allowed resolutions of 2 nanometers.

Müller married Klara Thüssing in 1939, and their only daughter Jutta was born in 1940. Due to the circumstances of war, he also worked at the Stabilovolt Company.

Later he moved to the U.S and lived in Pennsylvania

In 1947, he was appointed to the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Physical Chemistry and Electrochemistry (renamed to Fritz-Haber-Institut on the occasion of its incorporation into the Max Planck Society in 1953) by Iwan N. Stranski. Here he developed the field ion microscope which, due to its resolution of 0.25 nm, was the first instrument used to observe atoms.

In 1950, he took a teaching appointment at the Technical University in Berlin after finally having completed the required Privatdozent (habilitation). In 1951, he became professor at the Free University Berlin.

Müller joined the faculty at Pennsylvania State University in 1952, where he remained until his death in 1977. He co-invented the Atom-Probe Field Ion Microscope at Penn State in 1967. He died in Washington D.C..

Honors

  • National Medal of Science (1977)
  • Achievement Award of the Instrument Society of America (1960)
  • Davisson-Germer Prize of the American Physical Society (1972)
  • Carl Friedrich Gauß Medal (de:Carl-Friedrich-Gauß-Medaille) (1952)
  • John Scott Medal of the City of Philadelphia (1970)
  • External Scientific Member, Fritz-Haber-Institut (1957)
  • Honorary Degree, Free University of Berlin (1968)
  • Honorary Degree, University of Lyon
  • Medard W. Welch Award 1971
  • American Physical Society 1971

Selected bibliography

The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 10 Mar 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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Reference sources
References
http://pubs.acs.org/cen/coverstory/83/8348atoms.html
http://www.nap.edu/readingroom.php?book=biomems&page=emueller.html
http://www.nasonline.org
//www.google.com/search?&q=%22Erwin+Wilhelm+M%C3%BCller%22+site:news.google.com/newspapers&source=newspapers
//scholar.google.com/scholar?q=%22Erwin+Wilhelm+M%C3%BCller%22
https://www.jstor.org/action/doBasicSearch?Query=%22Erwin+Wilhelm+M%C3%BCller%22&acc=on&wc=on
https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1951ZPhy..131..136M
//doi.org/10.1007%2FBF01329651
https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1956PhRv..102..618M
//doi.org/10.1103%2FPhysRev.102.618
https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1956PhRv..102..624M
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