Ernst Pulgram (September 18, 1915 – August 17, 2005) was an American linguist of Austrian origins whose main interest lay in the Italic and Romance languages. He is survived by his wife, linguist Frances McSparran.
Born and educated in Vienna, he was forced to leave shortly after the Anschluss to escape from the Nazis. He moved to the United States and joined the US army to fight in World War II. Because he had left Vienna a few days before his PhD defence and thus was not able to complete the degree, shortly after the war Pulgram started a new PhD at Harvard University under the G.I. Bill. After graduation, he spent most of his career (1948–1986) at the University of Michigan. Throughout his life, he maintained ties to his Austrian homeland, which included in later years several Viennese linguists (such as historical English linguist Herbert Schendl).
One obituary read that Pulgram's death meant that "the last of the great Romanists who had to flee from the Nazis and went to the States, is gone." Pulgram held Visiting Professorships at universities in Florence, Cologne, Heidelberg, Regensburg, Vienna, Innsbruck, Munich, and Tokyo.