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Ernst Curtius

Ernst Curtius German classical archaeologist and historian of classical antiquity

German classical archaeologist and historian of classical antiquity
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro German classical archaeologist and historian of classical antiquity
A.K.A. Ernst Curtius
Countries Germany
Occupations Historian Anthropologist Art historian Archaeologist Politician Professor Educator
Gender male
Birth 2 September 1814 (Lübeck)
Death 11 July 1896 (Berlin)
Star sign VirgoVirgo
Family
Siblings: Georg Curtius
Education University of Bonn
Notable Works Olympia
Ernst Curtius
The details
Biography

Ernst Curtius (; 2 September 1814 – 11 July 1896) was a German archaeologist and historian.

Biography

Curtius' tomb in Berlin

He was born in Lübeck. On completing his university studies he was chosen by C. A. Brandis to accompany him on a journey to Greece for the prosecution of archaeological researches. Curtius then became Otfried Müller's companion in his exploration of the Peloponnese, and on Müller's death in 1840 he returned to Germany. In 1844 he became an extraordinary professor at the University of Berlin, and in the same year he was appointed tutor to Prince Frederick William (afterwards the Emperor Frederick III), a post which he held till 1850.

After holding a professorship at Göttingen and undertaking a further journey to Greece in 1862, Curtius was appointed (in 1863) ordinary professor at Berlin. In 1874 he was sent to Athens by the German government and there concluded an agreement by which the excavations at Olympia were entrusted exclusively to Germany. In 1891 Curtius was elected a member of the American Antiquarian Society. Curtius died in Berlin on 11 July 1896.

Works

His best-known work is his History of Greece (1857-1867). It presented in an attractive style what were then the latest results of scholarly research, but it was criticized as wanting in erudition. It is now superseded. His other writings are chiefly archaeological. The most important are:

  • Die Akropolis von Athen (1844)
  • Naxos (1846)
  • Peloponnesos, eine historisch-geographische Beschreibung der Halbinsel (1851)
  • Olympia (1852)
  • Die Ionier vor der ionischen Wanderung (1855)
  • Attische Studien (1862-1865)
  • Ephesos (1874)
  • Die Ausgrabungen zu Olympia (1877, etc.)
  • Olympia und Umgegend (edited by Curtius and F Adler, 1882)
  • Olympia. Die Ergebnisse der von dem deutschen Reich veranstalteten Ausgrabung (with F Adler, 1890-1898)
  • Die Stadtgeschichte von Athen (1891)
  • Gesammelte Abhandlungen (1894)

His collected speeches and lectures were published under the title of Altertum und Gegenwart (5th ed., 1903 foll.), to which a third volume was added under the title of Unter drei Kaisern (2nd ed., 1895).

Family

His brother, Georg Curtius, was a noted philologist.

The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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Sources
References
http://archaeology.about.com/od/archaeologicalsite1/a/olympia.htm
http://catalogo.bne.es/uhtbin/authoritybrowse.cgi?action=display&authority_id=XX1701967
http://data.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb120276962
http://isni.org/isni/0000000120959014
http://socialarchive.iath.virginia.edu/ark:/99166/w61z4k9c
http://www.americanantiquarian.org/memberlistc
https://authority.bibsys.no/authority/rest/authorities/html/99054613
https://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb120276962
https://d-nb.info/gnd/116766557
https://deepl.com
https://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n87120087
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