|Occupations||Jurist Judge Politician Lawyer Educator|
|Type||Academia Law Politics|
|Birth||15 January 1925 (Berlin, Germany)|
|Death||2 March 2009 (Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe Government Region, Baden-Württemberg, Germany)|
|Politics||Christian Democratic Union|
|Education||Free University of Berlin, University of Wisconsin–Madison, Frederick William University|
Ernst Benda (15 January 1925 – 2 March 2009) was a German legal scholar, politician and judge. He served as the fourth president of the Federal Constitutional Court of Germany from 1971 to 1983. Benda briefly served as Minister of the Interior of Germany (1968 to 1969).
Ernst Benda was born in Berlin, the son of an engineer. Following school, he served in the Kriegsmarine from 1943 to 1945. After the war, he studied law at the Humboldt University of Berlin in East Berlin, but in 1948 moved to the University of Wisconsin and then to the Free University of Berlin in West Berlin. 1956 he started to work as a lawyer in Berlin.
From 1946 Benda was a member of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU). From 1954 to 1957 he was a member of the Abgeordnetenhaus von Berlin, the parliament of Berlin. 1957 he was elected to the Bundestag, the West German parliament. In 1965 he was involved in bringing significant changes to West Germany's statutes of limitations for murder. Without these changes, it would not have been possible to bring charges of murder against erstwhile National Socialists. Since 1967 he was Secretary of State in the German interior ministry and since 1968 Minister of the Interior. 1969 he was appointed as a judge to the Federal Constitutional Court of Germany. From 1971 to 1983 he was president of the court. From 1984 Benda was a professor of law at the University of Freiburg.
Awards and honours
- 1974 Grand Cross of Merit of the Italian Republic
- 1975 Grand Gold Medal with Ribbon for Services to the Republic of Austria
- 1983 Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany
- 1974 Honorary Doctorate from the Faculty of Law, Würzburg
- 1978 Honorary Professor at the University of Trier
- 1978 Pipe smoker of the year