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Ernest Louis, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt

Ernest Louis, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt

The basics
Quick Facts
Intro Landgrave
A.K.A. Ernest Louis, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt, Ernst Louis, Ernst Ludwig
Gender male
Birth December 15, 1667 (Gotha, Gotha, Thuringia, Germany)
Death September 12, 1739 (Darmstadt, Darmstadt Government Region, Hesse, Germany)
Mother: Elisabeth Dorothea of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
Father: Louis VILandgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
Siblings: Louis VIILandgrave of Hesse-DarmstadtPhilip of Hesse-DarmstadtGeorge of Hesse-DarmstadtMarie Elisabeth of Hesse-DarmstadtElisabeth Dorothea of Hesse-DarmstadtAuguste Magdalene of Hessen-DarmstadtSophie Marie of Hesse-DarmstadtMagdalena Sibylla of Hesse-DarmstadtSophie Luise von Hessen-Darmstadt
Spouse: Margravine Dorothea Charlotte of Brandenburg-Ansbach
Children: Louis VIIILandgrave of Hesse-DarmstadtPrince Charles William of Hesse-DarmstadtPrince Francis Ernest of Hesse-DarmstadtFriederike Charlotte of Hesse-DarmstadtDorothea Sophie of Hesse-Darmstadt
The details

Ernest Louis of Hesse-Darmstadt (German: Ernst Ludwig) (15 December 1667, Gotha – 12 September 1739, Einhausen) was Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt from 1678 to 1739. His parents were Landgrave Louis VI of Hesse-Darmstadt and Elisabeth Dorothea of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (1640–1709).

Ernest Louis's desire to emulate the French court under Louis XIV ran his country into debt. Among those patronized in this cultural milieu was Baroque composer Christoph Graupner; also bringing into his service architect Louis Remy de la Fosse for his extensive building program. Upon his death in 1739, his country's debt was 4 million gulden, ten times the annual revenue.


Ernest Louis married Dorothea Charlotte of Brandenburg-Ansbach (1661–1705), daughter of Albert II, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach (1620–1667) on December 1, 1687. Their children were:

  • Dorothea Sophie (1689–1723)
  • Louis VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt (1691–1768)
  • Charles William (1693–1707)
  • Francis Ernest (1695–1717)
  • Friederike Charlotte

Ernest Louis married his second wife Luise Sophie von Spiegel zum Desenberg (1690–1751) on January 20, 1727, who was thereafter raised to the rank of countess of Eppstein. He had two daughters with her:

  • Louisa Charlotte (1727–1753), Countess von Eppstein
  • Friederika Sophia (1730–1770), Countess von Eppstein

Ernest Louis had one additional illegitimate child with Charlotte von Forstner (1686–1727):

  • Friedrich Carl Ludwig von Hohenstein zu Fürstenfeld (1711–1715)


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